Xi Jinping: explanation on "decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity"

| gov.cn

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 5th, by wire

An explanation on the decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity

Xi Jinping

Entrusted by the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, I would like to explain to the plenum the drafting of the "decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity."

Background and considerations for the drafting of the draft decision

We have just celebrated the 70th anniversary of the founding of the people's Republic of China. The historical achievements made by New China in the past 70 years have fully proved that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the fundamental guarantee for the development and progress of contemporary China. Proceeding from the overall and long-term development of the cause of the party and the state, the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee decided to carry out a special study on the issue of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, There are mainly the following considerations.

First, this is a major task to achieve the goal of "two hundred years." Building a modern socialist country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation are the grand goals of our party. Since its inception, our party has United and led the people in unremitting struggle to this end. With the gradual deepening of reform and opening up, our party's understanding of system construction is getting deeper and deeper. In 1980, when summing up the lessons of the "Cultural Revolution," Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: "the problems of the leadership system and the organizational system are more fundamental, overall, stable, and long-term." "A good system can prevent bad people from running around at will, and a bad system can make good people unable to do good enough, or even go to the opposite." In 1992, Comrade Deng Xiaoping said in a speech in the south: "I am afraid it will be another 30 years before we will form a set of more mature and stereotyped systems in all fields." The 14th CPC National Congress put forward: "in the 1990s, we should initially establish a new economic system and achieve the second development goal of reaching a well-off level." After another 20 years of efforts, by the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Party, we will form a set of more mature and stereotyped systems in all aspects. " Most of the 15th, 16th and 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward clear requirements for the construction of the system.

Since the 18th CPC National Congress, our party has placed system building in a more prominent position, emphasizing that "to build a well-off society in an all-round way, we must seize the opportunity to deepen reform in important fields with greater political courage and wisdom." We will resolutely eliminate all drawbacks of ideas, systems and mechanisms that hinder scientific development, build a systematic, scientific, standardized, and effective system, and make all aspects of the system more mature and more stereotyped. " The third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee put forward for the first time the major proposition of "promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity." It also defines "perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity" as the general goal of deepening the reform in an all-round way. The Fifth Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee further stressed that during the 13th five-year Plan period, "systems in all aspects should be more mature and stereotyped, great progress has been made in the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and the basic institutional system in various fields should be basically formed."

The 19th CPC National Congress made the strategic arrangement to build China into a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful socialist modern power by the middle of this century, in which the goal of system building and governance capacity building is: by 2035, "the system in all aspects will be more perfect. The modernization of national governance system and governance capacity has been basically realized "; By the middle of this century, "to achieve the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity." The second Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee and the third Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee made arrangements for amending the Constitution and deepening the reform of the party and state institutions, and made new major strides in system building and governance capacity building. The third Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee pointed out: "in order to better lead the people in waging great struggles, building great projects, promoting great undertakings, and realizing great dreams, our party must speed up the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. We will strive to form a more mature and stereotyped socialist system with Chinese characteristics. This is a major task before our party. " At present, it is necessary for our party to systematically summarize the adherence to and improvement of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and put forward the forward direction and work requirements of keeping pace with the times and improving and developing.

Second, this is the fundamental requirement for pushing forward reform and opening up in the new era. In the course of more than 40 years of reform and opening up, the third Plenary session of the 11th CPC Central Committee is epoch-making, opening up a new historical period of reform and opening up and socialist modernization. The third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee is also epoch-making, opening up a new era of comprehensively deepening reform and promoting the overall design of the system, and opening up a new situation of reform and opening up in China. The third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee launched 336 major reform measures. After more than five years of efforts, the reform of important areas and key links has achieved remarkable results, and the basic institutional system in the main areas has basically taken shape, laying a solid foundation for promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. At the same time, we should also note that some of these reform measures have not yet been completed, and some even take quite a long time to implement. We have already gnawed off a lot of hard bones, but there are still a lot of hard bones to gnaw. We have overcome a lot of difficulties, but there are still many difficulties to overcome, we must not stop, we must not have the idea of relieving and taking a break. At the meeting celebrating the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up, I stressed the need to "persist in the same direction, the road will not be biased, and the intensity will not be reduced, so as to promote reform and opening up in the new era to go more steadily and further." This requires further arrangements for deepening reform in an all-round way, proceeding from the strategic needs of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way.

Compared with the past, the reform and opening up in the new era has many new connotations and characteristics, one of the most important points is that the weight of system construction is heavier, the reform is more faced with the problem of deep-seated system and mechanism, and the requirements for the top-level design of the reform are higher. The requirements for the systematicness, integrity and cooperation of the reform are stronger, and the task of establishing rules and regulations and constructing the system is heavier. In planning to deepen reform in an all-round way in the new era, we must adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity as the main axis, and profoundly grasp the requirements of China's development and the trend of the times. We will put institutional building and governance capacity building in a more prominent position, continue to deepen the reform of institutions and mechanisms in all fields, promote a more mature and stereotyped system in all fields, and modernize the national governance system and capacity.

Third, this is a strong guarantee to meet the risk challenges and win the initiative. The ancients said, "if the situation of the world is not prosperous, it will decline, and if the rule of the world does not advance, it will retreat." Today's world is experiencing great changes that have not been seen in a hundred years, the international situation is complex and changeable, reform, development and stability, domestic and foreign affairs and national defense, party, country, and army tasks are arduous and unprecedented, and the risks and challenges we are facing are unprecedented. Some of these risk challenges come from domestic, some from the international, some from the economic and social fields, and some from nature. In order to win the battle to prevent and resolve major risks, we must adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and use the power of the system to deal with the impact of risk challenges.

In view of the above considerations, the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held meetings on 28 February and 29 March this year. Decides on the thematic study of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity, and decides to set up a document drafting group. The drafting of documents was carried out under the leadership of the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

II. Drafting process

On April 3 this year, the document drafting group held its first plenary meeting, and the document drafting work was officially launched. On 7 April, the CPC Central Committee issued a circular to solicit opinions and suggestions from various regions and departments on the topics of the plenary session. A total of 109 comments were received from various parties. With regard to the major achievements and historical experience in upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and the major principles and fundamental systems that must be adhered to, The important system, as well as the main problems and major tasks, as well as the important measures to be taken, have put forward a lot of valuable opinions and suggestions.

All sides held that on the occasion of celebrating the 70th anniversary of the founding of the people's Republic of China, the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee focused on upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and making decisions. It embodies the far-sighted strategic vision and strong historical responsibility of the CPC Central Committee, to build a well-off society in an all-round way, to build a socialist modern country in an all-round way, to consolidate the Party's ruling position and to ensure the long-term stability of the Party and the country. It is of great and far-reaching significance.

Since its establishment more than six months ago, the document drafting Group has carefully studied the relevant important documents and systematically summarized the institutional evolution and institutional innovation in the process of revolution, construction, and reform in China. In particular, since the 18th CPC National Congress, the CPC Central Committee has led the whole party and the people throughout the country to uphold and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and to promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. Great theoretical, practical and institutional achievements, Collate and digest all aspects of feedback opinions and suggestions, carry out special research, repeatedly discuss and revise the draft decision.

According to the decision of the meeting of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, in early September, it was decided to issue a draft for soliciting opinions within the party to solicit opinions, including the opinions of some veteran comrades within the party. All parties conscientiously organized study and discussion, and a total of 118 feedback were received from various regions and departments. On 25 September, I presided over a forum of non-party personages and listened to the views of responsible persons of the central committees of various democratic parties, the all-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, and personages without party affiliation, and comrades attending the meeting submitted 10 materials for their speeches.

The document drafting group carefully collated all comments and suggestions received. After summing up, a total of 1948 amendments were put forward by all parties, and 1755 after deducting duplicates, of which 380 were in principle and 1375 were specifically revised.

Judging from the feedback of soliciting opinions, the draft decision was fully affirmed by all parties. Everyone agreed that the draft decision accurately grasped the evolution direction and law of China's national system and national governance system, highlighted the adherence to and improvement of the party's leadership system, and grasped the key and foundation of national governance. Give prominence to correct innovation, pioneering and enterprising, highlight the self-confidence of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics; highlight system integration, coordination and efficiency, reflecting the strong problem orientation and distinct practical characteristics. The draft decision answers the major political question of "what to uphold and consolidate, what to perfect and what to develop." it not only clarifies the major systems and principles that must be firmly adhered to, but also deploys major tasks and measures to promote system building. Adhere to the convergence of the fundamental system, the basic system and the important system, co-ordinate the top-level design and hierarchical docking, and co-ordinate the reform and operation of the system, It embodies the unity of summing up history and facing the future, the unity of maintaining stability and reform and innovation, and the unity of problem orientation and goal orientation. It will have a significant and far-reaching impact on promoting all aspects of the system to be more mature and stereotyped, and transforming China's institutional advantages into the effectiveness of national governance.

In the process of soliciting opinions, various parties have put forward many good opinions and suggestions, mainly in the following aspects. First, it is suggested that among the remarkable advantages of China's national system and national governance system, we should add the content of comprehensively deepening reform and governing the country according to law in an all-round way. Second, it is suggested that the improvement of the scientific and technological system should be highlighted in order to give full play to the leading role of scientific and technological innovation. Third, it is suggested that more attention should be paid to such important institutional arrangements as ensuring food security, rural revitalization, and giving priority to the development of agriculture and rural areas. Fourth, it is suggested that more attention should be paid to the use of artificial intelligence, the Internet, big data and other modern information technology means to enhance the ability of governance and the level of governance modernization. Fifth, it is suggested that around adhering to the principle of the party managing cadres, we should put forward requirements for perfecting the cadre management system, encouraging cadres to play their part, and paying close attention to the implementation and training of cadres' fighting spirit and skills. Sixth, it is suggested that the theoretical research, propaganda and education of China's national system and national governance system should be strengthened. Seventh, it is suggested that the implementation of the spirit of this plenary session be closely integrated with the various reform tasks arranged by the CPC Central Committee since the 18th CPC National Congress, so as to form an overall arrangement and working mechanism for promoting and implementing in an integrated manner.

The CPC Central Committee instructed the document drafting group to conscientiously study and absorb opinions and suggestions from all walks of life. The document drafting group analysed the comments and suggestions made by various parties on an article-by-article basis, with a view to absorbing as much as possible. After repeated study and deliberation, the draft decision was added, rewritten, and the text was condensed 283, covering 436 opinions and suggestions from all walks of life.

During the drafting of the draft decision, the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held three meetings and the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held two meetings for deliberation, resulting in a final draft submitted to the plenary session for deliberation.

III. Basic framework of the draft decision

The overall consideration of the draft decision is to closely follow the theme of "upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity," and proceed from the strategic objectives and major tasks established at the 19th CPC National Congress. With a view to upholding and consolidating the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, ensuring the long-term governance of the Party and the long-term stability of the country, improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and building a modern socialist country in an all-round way, With a view to giving full play to the advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, To comprehensively summarize the achievements, accumulated experience and principles of the people led by the Party in the construction of China's national system and national governance, This paper focuses on upholding and perfecting the fundamental, basic and important systems that support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and arranging major institutional and institutional reforms that need to be deepened and key tasks that need to be promoted.

The draft decision consists of 15 parts and is divided into three major sections. The first plate is the first part, which is a general introduction, which mainly expounds the historical achievements and remarkable advantages of the development of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system. This paper puts forward the great significance and overall requirements of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity in the new era. The second plate is divided into 13 parts, focusing on upholding and perfecting the fundamental, basic, and important systems that support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Clear the system must adhere to and consolidate the root point, improve and develop the direction, and make work arrangements. The third part is the fifteenth part and the conclusion, which mainly puts forward the requirements for strengthening the leadership of the Party in upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance ability.

It is hoped that comrades will profoundly understand the spirit of the CPC Central Committee, closely discuss "what to uphold and consolidate, what to perfect and what to develop," put forward constructive suggestions and suggestions, and jointly hold this plenary session.

Xi Jinping: explanation on "decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity"

| gov.cn

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 5th, by wire

An explanation on the decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity

Xi Jinping

Entrusted by the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, I would like to explain to the plenum the drafting of the "decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity."

Background and considerations for the drafting of the draft decision

We have just celebrated the 70th anniversary of the founding of the people's Republic of China. The historical achievements made by New China in the past 70 years have fully proved that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the fundamental guarantee for the development and progress of contemporary China. Proceeding from the overall and long-term development of the cause of the party and the state, the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee decided to carry out a special study on the issue of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, There are mainly the following considerations.

First, this is a major task to achieve the goal of "two hundred years." Building a modern socialist country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation are the grand goals of our party. Since its inception, our party has United and led the people in unremitting struggle to this end. With the gradual deepening of reform and opening up, our party's understanding of system construction is getting deeper and deeper. In 1980, when summing up the lessons of the "Cultural Revolution," Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: "the problems of the leadership system and the organizational system are more fundamental, overall, stable, and long-term." "A good system can prevent bad people from running around at will, and a bad system can make good people unable to do good enough, or even go to the opposite." In 1992, Comrade Deng Xiaoping said in a speech in the south: "I am afraid it will be another 30 years before we will form a set of more mature and stereotyped systems in all fields." The 14th CPC National Congress put forward: "in the 1990s, we should initially establish a new economic system and achieve the second development goal of reaching a well-off level." After another 20 years of efforts, by the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Party, we will form a set of more mature and stereotyped systems in all aspects. " Most of the 15th, 16th and 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward clear requirements for the construction of the system.

Since the 18th CPC National Congress, our party has placed system building in a more prominent position, emphasizing that "to build a well-off society in an all-round way, we must seize the opportunity to deepen reform in important fields with greater political courage and wisdom." We will resolutely eliminate all drawbacks of ideas, systems and mechanisms that hinder scientific development, build a systematic, scientific, standardized, and effective system, and make all aspects of the system more mature and more stereotyped. " The third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee put forward for the first time the major proposition of "promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity." It also defines "perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity" as the general goal of deepening the reform in an all-round way. The Fifth Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee further stressed that during the 13th five-year Plan period, "systems in all aspects should be more mature and stereotyped, great progress has been made in the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and the basic institutional system in various fields should be basically formed."

The 19th CPC National Congress made the strategic arrangement to build China into a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful socialist modern power by the middle of this century, in which the goal of system building and governance capacity building is: by 2035, "the system in all aspects will be more perfect. The modernization of national governance system and governance capacity has been basically realized "; By the middle of this century, "to achieve the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity." The second Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee and the third Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee made arrangements for amending the Constitution and deepening the reform of the party and state institutions, and made new major strides in system building and governance capacity building. The third Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee pointed out: "in order to better lead the people in waging great struggles, building great projects, promoting great undertakings, and realizing great dreams, our party must speed up the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. We will strive to form a more mature and stereotyped socialist system with Chinese characteristics. This is a major task before our party. " At present, it is necessary for our party to systematically summarize the adherence to and improvement of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and put forward the forward direction and work requirements of keeping pace with the times and improving and developing.

Second, this is the fundamental requirement for pushing forward reform and opening up in the new era. In the course of more than 40 years of reform and opening up, the third Plenary session of the 11th CPC Central Committee is epoch-making, opening up a new historical period of reform and opening up and socialist modernization. The third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee is also epoch-making, opening up a new era of comprehensively deepening reform and promoting the overall design of the system, and opening up a new situation of reform and opening up in China. The third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee launched 336 major reform measures. After more than five years of efforts, the reform of important areas and key links has achieved remarkable results, and the basic institutional system in the main areas has basically taken shape, laying a solid foundation for promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. At the same time, we should also note that some of these reform measures have not yet been completed, and some even take quite a long time to implement. We have already gnawed off a lot of hard bones, but there are still a lot of hard bones to gnaw. We have overcome a lot of difficulties, but there are still many difficulties to overcome, we must not stop, we must not have the idea of relieving and taking a break. At the meeting celebrating the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up, I stressed the need to "persist in the same direction, the road will not be biased, and the intensity will not be reduced, so as to promote reform and opening up in the new era to go more steadily and further." This requires further arrangements for deepening reform in an all-round way, proceeding from the strategic needs of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way.

Compared with the past, the reform and opening up in the new era has many new connotations and characteristics, one of the most important points is that the weight of system construction is heavier, the reform is more faced with the problem of deep-seated system and mechanism, and the requirements for the top-level design of the reform are higher. The requirements for the systematicness, integrity and cooperation of the reform are stronger, and the task of establishing rules and regulations and constructing the system is heavier. In planning to deepen reform in an all-round way in the new era, we must adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity as the main axis, and profoundly grasp the requirements of China's development and the trend of the times. We will put institutional building and governance capacity building in a more prominent position, continue to deepen the reform of institutions and mechanisms in all fields, promote a more mature and stereotyped system in all fields, and modernize the national governance system and capacity.

Third, this is a strong guarantee to meet the risk challenges and win the initiative. The ancients said, "if the situation of the world is not prosperous, it will decline, and if the rule of the world does not advance, it will retreat." Today's world is experiencing great changes that have not been seen in a hundred years, the international situation is complex and changeable, reform, development and stability, domestic and foreign affairs and national defense, party, country, and army tasks are arduous and unprecedented, and the risks and challenges we are facing are unprecedented. Some of these risk challenges come from domestic, some from the international, some from the economic and social fields, and some from nature. In order to win the battle to prevent and resolve major risks, we must adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and use the power of the system to deal with the impact of risk challenges.

In view of the above considerations, the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held meetings on 28 February and 29 March this year. Decides on the thematic study of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity, and decides to set up a document drafting group. The drafting of documents was carried out under the leadership of the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

II. Drafting process

On April 3 this year, the document drafting group held its first plenary meeting, and the document drafting work was officially launched. On 7 April, the CPC Central Committee issued a circular to solicit opinions and suggestions from various regions and departments on the topics of the plenary session. A total of 109 comments were received from various parties. With regard to the major achievements and historical experience in upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and the major principles and fundamental systems that must be adhered to, The important system, as well as the main problems and major tasks, as well as the important measures to be taken, have put forward a lot of valuable opinions and suggestions.

All sides held that on the occasion of celebrating the 70th anniversary of the founding of the people's Republic of China, the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee focused on upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and making decisions. It embodies the far-sighted strategic vision and strong historical responsibility of the CPC Central Committee, to build a well-off society in an all-round way, to build a socialist modern country in an all-round way, to consolidate the Party's ruling position and to ensure the long-term stability of the Party and the country. It is of great and far-reaching significance.

Since its establishment more than six months ago, the document drafting Group has carefully studied the relevant important documents and systematically summarized the institutional evolution and institutional innovation in the process of revolution, construction, and reform in China. In particular, since the 18th CPC National Congress, the CPC Central Committee has led the whole party and the people throughout the country to uphold and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and to promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. Great theoretical, practical and institutional achievements, Collate and digest all aspects of feedback opinions and suggestions, carry out special research, repeatedly discuss and revise the draft decision.

According to the decision of the meeting of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, in early September, it was decided to issue a draft for soliciting opinions within the party to solicit opinions, including the opinions of some veteran comrades within the party. All parties conscientiously organized study and discussion, and a total of 118 feedback were received from various regions and departments. On 25 September, I presided over a forum of non-party personages and listened to the views of responsible persons of the central committees of various democratic parties, the all-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, and personages without party affiliation, and comrades attending the meeting submitted 10 materials for their speeches.

The document drafting group carefully collated all comments and suggestions received. After summing up, a total of 1948 amendments were put forward by all parties, and 1755 after deducting duplicates, of which 380 were in principle and 1375 were specifically revised.

Judging from the feedback of soliciting opinions, the draft decision was fully affirmed by all parties. Everyone agreed that the draft decision accurately grasped the evolution direction and law of China's national system and national governance system, highlighted the adherence to and improvement of the party's leadership system, and grasped the key and foundation of national governance. Give prominence to correct innovation, pioneering and enterprising, highlight the self-confidence of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics; highlight system integration, coordination and efficiency, reflecting the strong problem orientation and distinct practical characteristics. The draft decision answers the major political question of "what to uphold and consolidate, what to perfect and what to develop." it not only clarifies the major systems and principles that must be firmly adhered to, but also deploys major tasks and measures to promote system building. Adhere to the convergence of the fundamental system, the basic system and the important system, co-ordinate the top-level design and hierarchical docking, and co-ordinate the reform and operation of the system, It embodies the unity of summing up history and facing the future, the unity of maintaining stability and reform and innovation, and the unity of problem orientation and goal orientation. It will have a significant and far-reaching impact on promoting all aspects of the system to be more mature and stereotyped, and transforming China's institutional advantages into the effectiveness of national governance.

In the process of soliciting opinions, various parties have put forward many good opinions and suggestions, mainly in the following aspects. First, it is suggested that among the remarkable advantages of China's national system and national governance system, we should add the content of comprehensively deepening reform and governing the country according to law in an all-round way. Second, it is suggested that the improvement of the scientific and technological system should be highlighted in order to give full play to the leading role of scientific and technological innovation. Third, it is suggested that more attention should be paid to such important institutional arrangements as ensuring food security, rural revitalization, and giving priority to the development of agriculture and rural areas. Fourth, it is suggested that more attention should be paid to the use of artificial intelligence, the Internet, big data and other modern information technology means to enhance the ability of governance and the level of governance modernization. Fifth, it is suggested that around adhering to the principle of the party managing cadres, we should put forward requirements for perfecting the cadre management system, encouraging cadres to play their part, and paying close attention to the implementation and training of cadres' fighting spirit and skills. Sixth, it is suggested that the theoretical research, propaganda and education of China's national system and national governance system should be strengthened. Seventh, it is suggested that the implementation of the spirit of this plenary session be closely integrated with the various reform tasks arranged by the CPC Central Committee since the 18th CPC National Congress, so as to form an overall arrangement and working mechanism for promoting and implementing in an integrated manner.

The CPC Central Committee instructed the document drafting group to conscientiously study and absorb opinions and suggestions from all walks of life. The document drafting group analysed the comments and suggestions made by various parties on an article-by-article basis, with a view to absorbing as much as possible. After repeated study and deliberation, the draft decision was added, rewritten, and the text was condensed 283, covering 436 opinions and suggestions from all walks of life.

During the drafting of the draft decision, the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held three meetings and the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held two meetings for deliberation, resulting in a final draft submitted to the plenary session for deliberation.

III. Basic framework of the draft decision

The overall consideration of the draft decision is to closely follow the theme of "upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity," and proceed from the strategic objectives and major tasks established at the 19th CPC National Congress. With a view to upholding and consolidating the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, ensuring the long-term governance of the Party and the long-term stability of the country, improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and building a modern socialist country in an all-round way, With a view to giving full play to the advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, To comprehensively summarize the achievements, accumulated experience and principles of the people led by the Party in the construction of China's national system and national governance, This paper focuses on upholding and perfecting the fundamental, basic and important systems that support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and arranging major institutional and institutional reforms that need to be deepened and key tasks that need to be promoted.

The draft decision consists of 15 parts and is divided into three major sections. The first plate is the first part, which is a general introduction, which mainly expounds the historical achievements and remarkable advantages of the development of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system. This paper puts forward the great significance and overall requirements of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity in the new era. The second plate is divided into 13 parts, focusing on upholding and perfecting the fundamental, basic, and important systems that support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Clear the system must adhere to and consolidate the root point, improve and develop the direction, and make work arrangements. The third part is the fifteenth part and the conclusion, which mainly puts forward the requirements for strengthening the leadership of the Party in upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance ability.

It is hoped that comrades will profoundly understand the spirit of the CPC Central Committee, closely discuss "what to uphold and consolidate, what to perfect and what to develop," put forward constructive suggestions and suggestions, and jointly hold this plenary session.



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Xi Jinping: China will pay more attention to the role of imports
Xi Jinping stressed: China will pay more attention to the role of imports, further reduce tariffs and institutional costs, cultivate a number of demonstration zones for import trade to promote innovation, and expand imports of high-quality products...


Xi Jinping: let the Source of Innovation flow fully
Xi Jinping stressed: all countries should strengthen innovation cooperation, support enterprises to carry out independent technological exchanges and cooperation, and allow the source of innovation to flow fully. We should jointly strengthen the...








At the East Asia Summit, Li Keqiang made several insistence
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang attended the 14th East Asia Summit in Bangkok, Thailand on the afternoon of November 4 local time. Leaders of the 10 ASEAN countries and South Korean President Moon Jae-in, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Japanese...













A separate edition of the decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity
The decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity, adopted at the fourth Plenary session of...