On "the Rule of China" from the Perspective of "Chinese system"-- Decoding the decision of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee
Beijing, 5 Nov (Xinhua)-- looking at "China's Governance" from the Perspective of "China's system"-- Decoding the decision of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee
Xinhua News Agency reporter
On November 5, the full text of the "decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity" was issued.
This decision adopted at the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee profoundly explained the great significance and overall requirements of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. And to adhere to and improve the party's leadership system and other 13 aspects of the system to make strategic arrangements. Through these 13 institutional arrangements, the bright prospect of "rule of China" is clearly visible. Following the clear path of decision, a better China is coming to us.
The Party's leading position of "taking charge of the overall situation and coordinating all sides" has been further consolidated.
The map of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics described in the decision consists of 13 parts, of which "upholding and perfecting the party's leadership system and improving the party's level of scientific, democratic, and legal governance" ranked first. It fully demonstrates the important position of the Party's leadership system in the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.
"the leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics." Jiang Jinquan, deputy director of the Central Policy Research Office in charge of daily work, believes that the party's leadership system is the fundamental leadership system of the state, leading and running through the other 12 aspects of the system.
In view of upholding and perfecting the party's leadership system, it has decided to put forward requirements in six aspects, including establishing a system that does not forget the original ideals and aspirations, keeping in mind the mission, and perfecting various systems for firmly safeguarding the authority of the party Central Committee and centralized and unified leadership. We will improve the party's comprehensive leadership system, improve the systems for governing for and relying on the people, improve the party's ruling ability and leadership level, and improve the system of administering the party strictly in an all-round way.
"these six requirements can be regarded as the concrete realization form of upholding and perfecting the party's leadership system, and they are also six important pillars." Liu Chun, a professor at the Central Party School (Chinese Academy of Governance), believes that implementing these six requirements will further improve the party's leadership system, which takes charge of the overall situation and coordinates all parties. We will implement the leadership of the Party in all aspects of state governance and ensure that the country will always move forward in the direction of socialism.
Using Chinese-style Democracy to make the people more in charge of their own country
Insisting that the people are the masters of our country is not only one of the remarkable advantages of our national system and national governance system, but also the value pursuit of socialist democratic politics.
Decides to "consolidate and develop the broadest patriotic United front" from "upholding and perfecting the fundamental political system of the people's Congress system", "upholding and perfecting the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China" Adhere to and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy, "improve the dynamic system of mass autonomy at the grass-roots level," It depicts the path of development and perfection of democratic China.
"promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity and developing socialist democratic politics are major strategic arrangements related to the future and destiny of socialism with Chinese characteristics." Said Sang Yucheng, a professor at Fudan University.
"to improve the organizational system, electoral system and rules of procedure of the National people's Congress, Perfect argumentation, evaluation, evaluation, Hearing system "perfecting the methods of supporting democratic parties and persons without party affiliation in performing their functions"perfecting the system of building the contingent of non-party representatives"comprehensively, deeply and persistently carrying out the establishment of national unity and progress" and "broadening the reflection of the masses of the people" Channels for opinions and suggestions ". The series of institutional arrangements in the decision are eye-catching.
"from a community, a unit, to a country, people want to take an active part in public life. He decided to constantly enrich democratic forms and broaden democratic channels through a series of good system designs, so as to ensure that the people manage state affairs, economic and cultural undertakings, and social affairs in accordance with the law through various channels and forms. This is exactly what it means to have a better life for the people. " Sang Yucheng said.
Promoting the Construction of China under the Rule of Law
"We should uphold and improve the socialist rule of law system with Chinese characteristics and improve the party's ability to govern the country and govern the country according to law." It is decided to put forward four measures: "perfecting the institutional mechanism to ensure the full implementation of the Constitution", "perfecting the legislative system and mechanism", "perfecting the social fairness, justice and rule of law guarantee system" and "strengthening the supervision of the implementation of the law", so as to promote the construction of China ruled by law
Fu Zitang, president of Southwest University of political Science and Law, said: he decided to emphasize strengthening the implementation and supervision of the Constitution, put forward the implementation of the mechanism of constitutional interpretation procedures, promote the review of constitutionality, and strengthen the system of filing and examination and capacity-building. It is conducive to better handling the relationship between the exercise of power and the protection of rights, and safeguarding the unity, dignity and authority of the national legal system.
In the aspect of legislation, it is decided to strengthen the legislation in important areas and speed up the construction of the legal system applicable outside the jurisdiction of our country. Fu Zitang believes that this is conducive to speeding up the construction of a legal system to protect China's overseas interests and better protect the legitimate rights and interests of overseas Chinese citizens and enterprises.
Fairness and justice, the direction of the people. The decision emphasizes strictly standardizing fair and civilized law enforcement, standardizing the discretion of law enforcement, and strengthening law enforcement in key areas that have a bearing on the vital interests of the masses. The decision also proposes to resolutely exclude interference in law enforcement and judicial activities, expand the scope of public interest litigation cases, and implement the system of punitive damages.
"through strict and standardized law enforcement, we will increase the cost of breaking the law, safeguard judicial justice, and effectively promote the realization of law-abiding by the whole people." Fu Zitang said: "the series of deployment arrangements proposed in the decision will certainly promote the construction of China under the rule of law."
Building a service-oriented government satisfactory to the people
Promoting the modernization of the national governance system and capacity is inseparable from the modernization of national administration. The decision points out that it is necessary for all administrative organs to serve the people, be responsible to the people, be supervised by the people, innovate administrative methods, improve administrative efficiency, and build a service-oriented government to the satisfaction of the people.
"Government governance is in the front row of national governance." Wang Yukai, a professor at the Central Party School (Chinese Academy of Governance), said: "by constantly adhering to and perfecting the socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics, we will build a government governance system with clear responsibilities and administration according to law. It will be better to convert institutional advantages into efficiency advantages. "
It is decided that from the four dimensions of perfecting the national administrative system, optimizing the government responsibility system, optimizing the government organizational structure, and giving full play to the two positive systems and mechanisms of the central and local governments, It points out the direction for the construction of socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics in line with the new era.
Since the reform and opening up, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China's economic and social development has made remarkable achievements, which is closely related to the continuous reform of China's administrative system and the continuous improvement of government governance efficiency.
Wang Yukai believes that a good set of government governance system should not only arouse the enthusiasm of the central and local governments, but also continuously stimulate the creative power of the broad masses of the people. In the final analysis, it is necessary to "satisfy the people." "the decision is based on the present and takes a long-term view, and puts forward a targeted, historical and strategic design of the government governance system, which will bring feasible, reliable and sustainable impetus to the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity." Wang Yukai said.
Support high-quality development with a more mature and stable economic system
"the adherence to and improvement of the basic socialist economic system is a major breakthrough." Liu Shijin, deputy director of the Economic Committee of the CPPCC National Committee, said: public ownership is the main body, the economy of various forms of ownership is developing together, distribution according to work is the main body, and various forms of distribution coexist, and the socialist market economic system. The basic economic system framework jointly supported by the "trinity" indicates that China's socialist economic system is more mature and more stable.
"only under the socialist market economic system can we create a market environment in which subjects of all forms of ownership use resources equally in accordance with the law, openly, fairly and fairly participate in competition, and are equally protected by law. In order to improve the factors of production by the market evaluation contribution, according to the contribution to determine the reward mechanism. " Liu Shijin stressed that this basic economic system framework is of great practical significance to stabilize the expectation of economic development.
"Building a high-standard market system" and "building a new open economic system at a higher level", in Liu Shijin's view, defines the direction of reform and opening up. "the domestic reform aims at building a high-standard market system, breaking down administrative barriers, further opening up the market, and promoting fair competition; The goal of opening up to the outside world is to build a new system of open economy at a higher level, and to promote China to play a leading role in the competition of the global market system. "
Expand middle-income groups and improve institutional mechanisms that encourage support for basic research and primitive innovation. These innovative institutional arrangements will make up for the shortcomings of the system and provide solid institutional support for the realization of high-quality economic development.
Better build Chinese Spirit, Chinese value, Chinese Power
The fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee attached great importance to the construction of cultural system. The decision emphasizes that the development of advanced socialist culture and the extensive cohesion of the spiritual strength of the people are the profound support for the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.
Li Zheng, a professor at the School of philosophy and Society of Jilin University, said: for the first time, it has been decided to comprehensively and systematically emphasize the issue of upholding and perfecting the institutional system for upholding and developing socialist advanced culture at the institutional level. This is the further improvement and elucidation of the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
The decision proposes to adhere to the fundamental system of the guiding position of Marxism in the field of ideology.
Chen Zheng said: to institutionalize the guiding position of Marxism in the field of ideology, It provides a sufficient institutional guarantee for establishing the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics, carrying forward the core values of socialism, constructing the pattern of mainstream public opinion, safeguarding the cultural rights and interests of the people, and meeting the needs of the people for a better life. It is of great significance to ensure the direction of advanced socialist culture.
"in the 70 years since the founding of New China, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, we have continuously deepened and promoted the reform and innovation of the cultural system, and the influence and competitiveness of advanced socialist culture have been greatly improved." Kui Zheng said: the decision has further clarified the direction, basic principles, and main tasks for the construction of socialist culture with Chinese characteristics. We should strengthen cultural self-confidence, firmly grasp the direction of advanced socialist culture, stimulate the creative vitality of the culture of the whole nation, and further consolidate the common ideological basis for the unity and struggle of all the people. Better build the Chinese spirit, Chinese values, Chinese power.
Weave a "net" of more fair and higher quality protection of people's livelihood
It is not easy to lead nearly 1.4 billion people to a well-off life in an all-round way.
From improving the promotion mechanism conducive to fuller and higher quality employment, to building an education system that serves the life-long learning of the whole people, from perfecting the social security system covering the whole people to strengthening the institutional guarantee for improving the health level of the people. The decision proposes to adhere to and improve the overall planning of the people's livelihood security system in urban and rural areas to meet the growing needs of the people for a better life.
A number of experts pointed out: from the height of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, we have decided to make arrangements for building a fairer and higher quality "network" for ensuring people's livelihood. It shows the unchanging original intention of the Communist Party of China for the people.
The decision also proposes to innovate the delivery of public services, encourage social forces to set up public welfare undertakings, meet the diversified needs of the people at various levels, and make the results of reform and development more equitable and beneficial to all people.
Hu Yinglian, a professor at the Central Party School (Chinese Academy of Governance), said that this is one of the highlights of the decision, indicating that the diverse needs of the people's livelihood should be solved in the social construction of "co-construction and sharing."
Zheng Gongcheng, a professor at Renmin University of China, noted that he decided to put forward the concept of a "people's livelihood security system" for the first time. He believes that this will promote the further improvement and development of employment, education, social security, health and other systems, play a greater role in the future, and form a set of long-term mechanisms to effectively enhance the well-being of the people.
Create an "upgraded version" of Ping an China
Social governance is an important aspect of national governance. The decision proposes to improve the social governance system supported by the leadership of the party committee, the responsibility of the government, democratic consultation, social coordination, public participation, the rule of law, and the support of science and technology, and to build a social governance community in which everyone is responsible, everyone is responsible, and everyone is entitled to it. To ensure that the people live and work in peace and contentment, social stability and order, and build a higher level of peace and security in China.
Song Guilun, a professor at Beijing normal University, pointed out that compared with the report of the 19th CPC National Congress, the decision to go from "social governance system" to "social governance system" shows that social governance should not only be based on the system, but also emphasize the operating system. It embodies the requirements of transforming the advantages of social governance system into the effectiveness of social governance. At the same time, on the basis of "the leadership of the party committee, the responsibility of the government, social coordination, public participation, and the guarantee of the rule of law,"democratic consultation" and "scientific and technological support" have been added, which is a concrete embodiment of the advantages of the system of the people being the masters of the country. It is also the requirement of the modernization of social governance system and ability, which makes the expression of social governance system more comprehensive and systematic and further improved.
In the aspect of perfecting the prevention and control system of social security, it is decided to "improve the level of three-dimensional, rule of law, specialization and intelligence of social security". "this statement of the decision releases an important signal that public security should combine civil air defense, technological defense, and material defense, so as to be more comprehensive, systematic, and effective." Song Guilun said.
In building a new pattern of social governance at the grass-roots level, It is decided to put forward requirements from the following three aspects: "perfecting the institutionalized channels for the masses to participate in grass-roots social governance", "speeding up the modernization of municipal social governance" and "paying attention to giving full play to the important role of family education and family style in grass-roots social governance". Song Guilun said: this responds to the practical achievements of the current grass-roots social governance exploration and the development requirements in the process of urbanization, and has strong practical pertinence and long-term significance.
Paving the institutional road to a beautiful China
"the construction of ecological civilization has reached the stage of speeding up the maturity and perfection of the system." Shi Jianxun, director of the Institute of Finance and Economics of Tongji University, believes that the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee will make arrangements for upholding and perfecting the system of ecological civilization, and the construction of the system of ecological civilization will be more systematic, comprehensive, and operable.
It is decided to implement the strictest eco-environmental protection system, establish a system for efficient utilization of resources in an all-round way, improve the ecological protection and restoration system, and strictly enforce the responsibility system for eco-environmental protection.
"the system is fundamental and long-term." Wu Shunze, director of the Center for Environmental and Economic Policy Research of the Ministry of Ecological Environment, said: we should sum up, summarize, and solidify the experience and practices of ecological civilization construction since the 18th CPC National Congress into a system, adhere to and improve it, and at the same time strictly strengthen the implementation of the system. It is the inevitable way to realize the harmonious symbiosis between man and nature and to build a beautiful China.
"these four systems have very rich connotations, and each system construction is very specific, and at the same time, it is logically connected and interrelated in strengthening the protection of the ecological environment and promoting the construction of ecological civilization in an all-round way." Wu Shunze said.
Experts said that in order to promote the construction of ecological civilization in the future, it is necessary to adhere to and improve and resolutely implement these systems so as to better meet the needs of the people for the improvement of the ecological environment. Let people enjoy the bluer sky, greener mountains, clearer water, more beautiful environment.
Stride towards a world-class army
He Lei, special chief expert and researcher of the Academy of military Sciences, said: he Lei decided to uphold and improve the party's absolute leadership system over the people's army as an important part of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. It indicates that the socialist military leadership system with Chinese characteristics is more mature and finalized, and provides a fundamental follow for further building the foundation of the people's army and strengthening the soul of the army.
After long-term development, the system of upholding the party's absolute leadership over the army has become more and more perfect, including upholding that the supreme leadership and command of the army belong to the party Central Committee and the Central military Commission, and the Central military Commission has implemented the chairman responsibility system. The implementation of a complete set of systems, including the party committee system, the political committee system, and the political organ system, has provided a rock-solid institutional guarantee for upholding the party's absolute leadership over the army.
He Lei said: on the way forward, the people's army must firmly adhere to the party's absolute leadership over the army and regard this as the soul of the army that the people's army can never change and the lifeblood that can never be lost. At all times and under all circumstances, we should take the banner of the Party as the banner, the direction of the Party as the direction and the will of the Party as the will.
He Lei said: to implement the spirit of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, it is necessary to unite more closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, and firmly establish the guiding position of Xi Jinping's thought of strengthening the army in national defense and army building. We will strengthen the "four consciousness," strengthen the "four self-confidence," achieve the "two maintenances," implement the responsibility system of the chairman of the Central military Commission, and make unremitting efforts to achieve the party's goal of strengthening the army in the new era and to build the people's army into a world-class army in an all-round way.
Bright prospects for the Reunification of the Motherland
"one country, two systems" is an important system for the party to lead the people to realize the peaceful reunification of the motherland and a great initiative of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The decision states that "upholding and perfecting the system of 'one country, two systems' and promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland", leading the way in order to safeguard the stability of "one country, two systems" and drawing bright prospects for the settlement of the Taiwan issue and the realization of national reunification.
Qin Qianhong, a professor at Wuhan University, said: in the grand pattern of promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, we will adhere to and improve the "one country, two systems" system as an important content, and fully and accurately understand and implement the principle of "one country, two systems." Safeguarding national sovereignty, security and development interests, and safeguarding the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao are of great significance and far-reaching impact, and will effectively enhance the confidence and driving force for promoting the great practice of "one country, two systems."
Wang Wanli, executive director of the Hong Kong, Macao and Regional Development Research Institute of the China (Shenzhen) Comprehensive Development Research Institute, said: upholding and improving the system of "one country, two systems" is the embodiment of the strategy of governing the country according to law in terms of "one country, two systems." The decision involves a comprehensive and profound content of Hong Kong and Macao, with a long-term perspective and strong realistic pertinence, and will promote "one country, two systems" to coruscate stronger vitality.
Resolving the Taiwan issue and realizing the complete reunification of the motherland are the common aspirations of all the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation and where the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation lie. Sheng Jiuyuan, director of the Taiwan Research Center of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, believes that the decision to stand at the height of system and governance demonstrates the pattern of working for the well-being of compatriots on both sides of the strait and creating a future for the Chinese nation. It embodies the mainland's policy of promoting the peaceful development of cross-strait relations and the process of peaceful reunification of the motherland, and will effectively promote cross-strait exchanges and cooperation, deepen cross-strait integration and development, and safeguard the well-being of Taiwan compatriots. We will further unite compatriots on both sides of the strait to oppose "Taiwan independence," jointly promote reunification, and join hands to round the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, Chinese Dream.
Building a better World of Destiny and sharing
"the increasingly mature and stereotyped independent foreign policy of peace is an important embodiment of the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. The decision to promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind shows that China advocates all countries to join hands in building a world of lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, openness and inclusiveness, and a clean and beautiful world. " Gao Fei, vice president of the School of Foreign Affairs, said.
Promoting the development of the cause of the party and the state requires a peaceful international environment and good external conditions. The decision points out that it is necessary to co-ordinate the overall domestic and international interests, hold high the banner of peace, development, cooperation and win-win results, unswervingly safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests, and unswervingly safeguard world peace and promote common development.
In terms of improving the system and mechanism of the Party's leadership over foreign affairs, it has decided to put forward the idea of "upholding diplomatic power in the Party Central Committee." Goofy said: the leadership of the Party is the soul of China's diplomacy and the fundamental political guarantee for the diplomacy of great powers with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and it is precisely because of the strong leadership of the Party that China's diplomacy can move forward without fear of floating clouds.
In improving the layout of all-round diplomacy, it was decided to "promote the building of a new type of international relations of mutual respect, fairness and justice, and win-win cooperation" and "actively develop global partnerships." Goofy said: China is taking practical actions to break the so-called argument of "hegemony" and "clash of civilizations" in Western countries, and partnership has provided a new model for handling state-to-state relations in the world today.
Centering on promoting the construction of an open system of win-win cooperation and actively participating in the reform and construction of the global governance system, It decided to put forward concrete measures such as "promoting the co-building of 'Belt and Road Initiative' high-quality development,"perfecting the security and security system for opening up to the outside world," and "advocating multilateralism and democratization of international relations."
Goofy said that these measures show that China is seeking common development with other countries in a more open manner, contributing a positive force to the construction of a more just and reasonable international governance system, and as a responsible developing country. Getting closer and closer to the center of the world stage.
Tighten the Cage of system for the Operation of Public Power
Decides to make clear arrangements and arrangements from three aspects: perfecting the party and state supervision system, perfecting the power allocation and operation restriction mechanism, and building an integrated system and mechanism that does not dare to corrupt, cannot corrupt, and does not want to corrupt. Tighten the cage of the system for the operation of public power.
"from the perspectives of the supervision of power, the restriction of the allocation of power and the institutional mechanism of anti-corruption, these three aspects make scientific and systematic arrangements to ensure that public power will not be abused and to consolidate and develop the overwhelming victory of anti-corruption." Mao Zhaohui, director of the Center for Anti-Corruption and Integrity Policy at Renmin University of China.
Mao Zhaohui pointed out: with regard to the supervision of power, the decision has clearly defined the path for the reform of the party and state supervision system, that is, to promote the overall convergence of disciplinary supervision, supervision, resident supervision, and inspection supervision, and at the same time take inner-party supervision as the leading factor. We will promote the organic penetration and coordination of all kinds of supervision, such as supervision by the National people's Congress, democratic supervision, mass supervision, public opinion supervision, audit supervision, and so on. In the aspect of restricting the allocation of power, it is decided to put forward the three principles of "legality of power and responsibility, transparency of power and responsibility and unity of power and responsibility". Through measures such as clarifying the boundary of power, promoting the disclosure of power, perfecting the accurate accountability mechanism and so on, reduce the rent-seeking space of power. Deepen the solution to the root of the problem.
In order to consolidate the overwhelming victory in the struggle against corruption, it was decided to focus on strengthening "do not dare to corrupt" and to unswervingly promote the struggle against corruption. Focusing on ensuring "not corruption", this paper proposes to promote the reform of supervision mechanism and system construction in key areas, promote anti-corruption national legislation, focus on building "do not want corruption", and emphasize strengthening ideological and moral education and party discipline and state law education.