Look at the "Shanghai sample" of the Business Environment
"from laying the foundation to preparing for production, it took only 10 months for Tesla's Shanghai Super Factory." A few days ago, Tesla posted pictures of Tesla's Shanghai Super Factory final assembly workshop, painting workshop, welding workshop and stamping workshop on the official Weibo. Tesla specially added a "super speed" label to the Weibo. Prior to this, it took less than half a year from the signing of the contract in July last year to start construction of the super factory in Lingang, Shanghai, on January 7 this year.
"Super speed" is well deserved. Tesla's feelings were confirmed by the Global Business Environment report 2020 released by the World Bank on 24 October. Among the 190 economies in the world, China scored a total of 77.9 points in the business environment, rising to 31 places in the global ranking and another 15 places in the top 40 places in the world, according to the report. For the second year in a row, it has been listed as the top 10 economies in the world to improve the business environment. The World Bank's assessment is based on indicator data from two cities, Beijing and Shanghai, with "Shanghai samples" accounting for 55 per cent of the weight.
Therefore, it is of great significance to focus on the "Shanghai sample" of the business environment. What are the experiences gained from the practice of optimizing the business environment in Shanghai? What are the difficulties to be faced in the next step and what links need to be further improved? Optimizing the business environment is a systematic project and a revolutionary process reengineering. The interpretation of the "Shanghai sample" will help to continuously enhance the "soft power" and inject fresh impetus into the new round of reform and opening up.
Take the enterprise feeling as the first feeling
Shanghai has carried out two rounds of reforms to optimize the business environment. In December 2017, Shanghai introduced version 1.0 of the reform to optimize the business environment, introducing 56 reform measures. Since then, creating a world-class business environment has become an important work in Shanghai. The construction of "one Netcom Office" government service brand has become the "top priority".
In February, Shanghai optimized Business Environment version 2.0 came with the first working day after the Spring Festival. Based on the policy recommendations submitted by the World Bank for optimizing the business environment in China, Shanghai has put forward 88 measures and suggestions for further reform. On the basis of the full implementation of the tasks of version 2.0, 20 new deepening reform measures have been launched according to the problems found in the supervision and inspection.
Shanghai is well aware that in order to win the initiative of urban development, it is impossible to simply rely on the competition of preferential policies, let alone rely on low factor costs to compete. Only by optimizing the business environment is the most lasting and strongest way to win. Therefore, the optimization of the business environment can only be carried out when it is carried out, but not when it is completed.
Adhere to the market evaluation as the first evaluation, to the enterprise feeling as the first feeling, continuous efforts have achieved results. The World Bank report shows that in Shanghai, in the evaluation indicators such as setting up enterprises, obtaining electricity, construction permits, cross-border trade, registered property, and so on, the handling of affairs has been compressed by an average of 30.5%. The average working time has been reduced by 52.8%.
In the case of cross-border trade indicators, for example, the final score of the report was 86.5 points, an increase of 3.1 points over last year and nine places to 56th place. Report evaluation: China will promote import and export trade by implementing advance declaration of goods, upgrading port infrastructure, optimizing customs administration and publishing charging standards.
Such a big improvement will not be achieved overnight. At the beginning of this year, the Shanghai Customs launched the "Special Action to promote Cross-Border Trade Facilitation" to strengthen the overall deployment of optimizing the business environment for cross-border trade, and to constantly study the key tasks of promoting the high-quality development of the business environment. We will make every effort to ensure that key measures come into effect. In order to consolidate the achievements of reducing customs clearance time, the Shanghai Customs has continuously increased the publicity and guidance of "advance declaration" for imports and exports. Relying on the "cross-border trade big data platform" of Shanghai Customs, we will promote the seamless docking of data from various departments and provide maximum customs clearance facilities for enterprises. We will steadily expand the pilot project of "tariff guarantee insurance" and further reduce the occupation of funds by enterprises.
Cross-border trading enterprises have deep feelings about this. Just by investigating the business environment and discussing customs and enterprises, the Shanghai Customs has organized a number of events to find out the real problems, really solve the problems, deeply understand the demands of enterprises, aim at pain points and difficulties, and emphasize linkage and promotion. In practice, we will explore the feasibility of reform, ensure the maneuverability of policies in progress, enhance the actual sense of acquisition of enterprises in implementation, and constantly promote the optimization of the business environment at Shanghai Port.
Process Reengineering of Government Service
"there is no better business environment, only better." Went to the Shanghai Xuhui District Administrative Service Center, 30 Guards Information Security Co., Ltd. Mr. Huang has a personal experience of this sentence.
Mr. Huang to deal with the change of equity transfer, in the application materials submitted for examination and approval, received a "document has been issued, waiting to receive" text message. Living in Pudong New area, he went to work via the Xuhui District Administrative Service Center. At 07:03 in the morning, he brushed his ID card in the self-help license cabinet in the 24-hour self-service hall, and obtained a new business license in just 30 seconds.
"in the past, people used to go to the window during working hours, but now this kind of self-help is very novel, efficient and very convenient." Mr. Huang sighed. Over the past year, Xuhui Administrative Service Center has provided a total of 137000 person-times in 24 hours of self-service, accounting for 45% of the total number of self-service, and more than 25000 pieces of work in the self-help hall on non-working days. Break the shackles of time, from "working days" to "do not go offline" waiting, Xuhui District in Shanghai to create a 24-hour government service model, so that the administrator can do it whenever they want.
Not only in Xuhui, but also in all districts of Shanghai, they are making accurate efforts, taking process reengineering, data empowerment, intelligent driving, and so on as the entry point to mark the highest level of international standards, and to build a "new ecology" of government services in the optimal business environment. By optimizing the business environment, we will continue to stimulate the vitality of the main body of the market.
The application of building permit is an evaluation index in the World Bank business environment inspection index system, which involves the most departments, complex processing links, long time span and high quality requirements, and is recognized as the most complex index in the industry. This time, China's "application for building permits" index rose from 121 to 33, up 88 places, the largest of the 10 indicators in China, and the largest annual increase in the history of a single index assessed by the World Bank.
Shanghai Precision Test Company, located in Zhaoxiang Town, Qingpu District, started work 10 days after taking the land. in addition to the enterprise declaration time, the approval time of the whole process of the government was controlled within 4 working days. Behind the interlocking and one-off management process is the linkage of government enterprises, the bridging of the park, and the concerted efforts of the "shop waiters." it is the continuous down-to-earth work style and optimizing the working mode of all functional departments of the government. It is also a microcosm of the new fashion of government affairs, which is full of passion, rich in creation and dare to take on the responsibilities.
In just two working days, Meiji Fruit Food Industry (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., which settled in Songjiang District, received a construction permit for a social investment project, becoming the second enterprise in Shanghai to obtain a construction permit through a new platform. Feeling the benefits of the reform, the Meiji Fruit Group has greater expectations for the business environment in Shanghai. This year, Meiji Fruit has set up the China Investment Corporation in Shanghai, making it the regional headquarters of multinational corporations.
Inject a strong driving force into the development of high quality
The competition in the business environment is a global competition. If you do not advance, you will fall back, and if you move slowly, you will fall back.
"when I got the report card, it was a mixed blessing." Pei Xiao, deputy director of the Shanghai Municipal Housing and Urban and Rural Construction Management Commission, admitted that the World Bank evaluation also feedback some policies and social sensitivity is not strong, the policy caliber is complicated, the level is not high and so on. Therefore, while promoting the landing of the reform policy, we will then speed up the solidification of reform results from the perspective of legalization, so that the reform work will have laws to abide by, and become more standardized and institutionalized.
Zhu Min, deputy director of the Shanghai Municipal Development and Reform Commission, said that Shanghai will carefully analyze the evaluation results of the World Bank report and further improve the plan to optimize the business environment version 3.0. Shanghai will also conscientiously learn from Beijing's advanced experience and step up reform efforts. He said that one of the major features of version 3.0 is that the coverage of the business environment reform will be further expanded, from new projects to stock enterprise stock projects. In this way, we will further expand the coverage of reform, expand the benefits of enterprises, strive for greater progress in the business environment, and inject a strong driving force into high-quality development.
Zhu Min also revealed that Shanghai's version 3.0 of optimizing the business environment will adhere to the "three unchanged" requirements for overall consideration-- the requirements for systematically deepening "release and management clothing" will remain unchanged. The method of marking the highest standard and the highest level of international standards remains unchanged, and the primary goal is to enhance the sense of acquisition of enterprises. In the "three unchanged", focus on the key points and promote reform.
Greg Clark, academician of the British Academy of Social Sciences, said at the 31st International Entrepreneur consultation meeting of Shanghai Mayors held not long ago that a good business environment is the fundamentals of Shanghai as an international business city. In his view, in the future, Shanghai will continue to further improve the business environment in terms of the talent system, the tax system, and the intellectual property system, so as to enhance the competitiveness of the city.
Business environment is not only an important soft power of a city, but also an extremely important attraction, creativity and competitiveness of a city. We will further promote the reform of simplifying administration and decentralization, combining decentralization and management, and optimizing services, and vigorously create a business environment under the rule of law, internationalization, and facilitation, and a fair, unified, and efficient market environment. We will comprehensively build an intelligent government marked by government services, create an international first-class business environment, and constantly improve the satisfaction and sense of market participants-- the "Shanghai sample" of the business environment will also be enriched in practice. Unremitting promotion. (reporter Yan Weiqi)