Shaanxi: "Shushu Shuli" Supervisory Bronze Ware unearthed at the site of Xianyang City in Qin Dynasty
Xinhua News Agency, Xi'an, November 6 (Reporter Yang Yimiao) Qin Han Xincheng Poliu Village, Xixian New District, Shaanxi Province, is an important tomb area at the site of Qin Xianyang City. The reporter learned from the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology on November 5 that through the research and textual research of archaeologists, it was judged that the inspector of the two Qin aristocratic tombs unearthed here in the late warring States period was Shu Shoushi.
Since the winter of 2017, in order to cooperate with the construction of the Yinxi high-speed railway, the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology has begun to excavate two Qin aristocratic tombs in the late warring States period. These two tombs have not been bothered, of which the smaller tombs are a coffin and a coffin with double burial utensils, separated from the headbox and the side box. A large number of martyrdom animal bones were found in the border box, and a total of more than 40 relics were unearthed (group). The other tomb size is larger, including the vertical tomb road and the tomb two parts, using a coffin two coffins triple burial utensils. A large number of martyrdom wooden cases are placed at the bottom of the tomb road, and the head boxes are separated from the coffin room. A total of 155 relics (groups) are unearthed.
The types of relics unearthed in this excavation include bronze ceremonial vessels, daily utensils, weapons, tools, vehicles, silverware seats, iron tools, jade pieces, bikes, seals, beads, glass pieces, and so on. In addition, there are a large number of traces of lacquer ware. According to Xu Weihong, a researcher at the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, according to the results of the identification of the tomb structure and physical anthropology, the two tombs were both male. Judging from the unearthed relics, the tomb was buried in Xianyang in the late warring States period during the Qin capital period. The owner of the tomb belongs to the nobility of scholars and doctors.
Through further study, it is determined that the 16-character inscription on the abdomen of Tongjian unearthed from a larger tomb is "Shushu Shoushi left a certain architect in the nineteen years to seek working tolerance." This kind of inscription format is a common third-level professional name in the Qin Zhaoxiang period, and Shu Shoushi is the superintendent of the artifacts.
The annexation and management of the Ba-Shu area is the key to the reunification of the State of Qin. According to literature records, King Geng of Qin Huiwen in 2009 (316 BC), Sima cuo cut Shu, destroyed it. Kill the bus in two years. However, Qin's management of this area can be described as twists and turns. At first, the State of Qin retained the Shuhou, sent Zhang Ruo, a member of the Central Committee, to guard the Shu country, and later established Shu County, and Zhang Ruo, Li Bing and others served as county guards.
The inscription unearthed shows that after Zhang Ruo served as the guard of Shu and before the guard of Shu County, Shi Li once served as the guard of Shu. And Shi surname, according to "Zizhi Tongjian" Hu three provinces note: the southwest of Shu Yi species, so that the surname. Xu Weihong believes that this archaeological discovery has important reference value for the study of the political structure and social form in the late warring States period.