China-France Beijing Initiative on Biodiversity Conservation and Climate change (full text)

| gov.cn

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 6th, by wire

China-France Beijing Initiative on Biodiversity Conservation and Climate change

(Beijing, 6 November 2019)

Recalling the commitments made by the people's Republic of China and the French Republic in the Joint Declaration on the Common maintenance of multilateralism and the improvement of Global Governance of 25 March 2019, And two tripartite press releases on climate change issued with the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in Osaka and the G20 Summit in Buenos Aires;

Recalling the goals, principles and commitments of the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development and the three Rio conventions: the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change and its Kyoto Protocol, the Doha Amendment and the Paris Agreement, Welcomes the outcome of the United Nations Climate Action Summit, which stressed the importance of addressing climate change and the loss of biodiversity;

Reaffirming its strong commitment to strengthening international cooperation on climate change and ensuring that different national circumstances are taken into account, guided by the principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, including the principles of equitable, common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capacities, Fully and effectively implement the Paris Agreement, adhere to multilateralism, inject political impetus into international cooperation in jointly combating climate change, and jointly promote international relations based on mutual respect, fairness, justice and mutually beneficial cooperation;

-reaffirming its strong support for the Paris Agreement as an irreversible process and a yardstick for strong action on climate issues;

-reaffirming our common commitment to rationalize and phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies to encourage wasteful consumption in the medium term, while providing targeted support to the poorest;

-emphasizing that trade agreements should be consistent with the objectives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, the Paris Agreement and the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development;

Recalling that biodiversity loss and climate change threaten global peace and stability, food security, sustainable development and human health and are closely related to oceans, forests and land degradation, and emphasizing the importance of sustainable management of tropical forests, And tropical forests are hot spots of carbon sequestration and global biodiversity;

Welcoming the launch of the 2019 Global Biodiversity and ecosystem Services Assessment report by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy platform on Biodiversity and ecosystem Services, And two special reports on land, oceans and cryosphere issued by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change, recognizing the need to promote and implement transformational changes, To reduce the main drivers of biodiversity loss, including changes in land and marine use, direct overuse of organisms, climate change, pollution and invasion of alien species;

Committed to working together on the link between climate change and biodiversity, determined to support and work with other political leaders, To promote an effective global response to climate change and biodiversity loss at the fifteenth Conference of the parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, to be held in Kunming, China, in 2020;

We, Xi Jinping, President of the people's Republic of China, and Emmanuel Macron, President of the French Republic, are determined to make unprecedented efforts to ensure the future of future generations and to intensify global efforts to combat climate change. To accelerate the transition to green, low carbon and climate resilience, we met in Beijing on 6 November 2019 to call on all countries and, if necessary, local governments, businesses, non-governmental organizations and citizens:

-welcomes international initiatives to address climate change and curb the loss of biodiversity;

-in the context of sustainable development, inform or update nationally owned contributions to ensure that they are more progressive than before, reflect their highest level of ambition, and issue a long-term low greenhouse gas emissions development strategy for the middle of this century by 2020;

-ratify and implement the Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol as soon as possible, recognizing that the Kigali amendment can prevent a warming of up to 0.4 degrees Celsius by the end of the century, Coordinated efforts to improve the energy efficiency of air conditioning and other cooling equipment will bring additional environmental benefits, including emission reduction, public health and food security, and take action to improve energy efficiency in the global refrigeration sector;

-focus on, conserve, restore and wisely use biodiversity, encourage the participation of all actors and stakeholders, and support the development and implementation of an ambitious and realistic global framework for biodiversity beyond 2020;

-encourage actors and stakeholders in all sectors to make specific and determinable commitments and contributions to biodiversity conservation, To inspire and support the Government to take action within the framework of the "from Sharm el-Sheikh to Kunming-Nature and Human Action agenda" to promote a strong post-2020 global biodiversity framework;

-Joint efforts to prepare for the World Congress for Conservation of Nature (Marseille, June 2020) to achieve both ambitious and practical outcomes to inform the preparations for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework;

-promoting the active participation of political leaders at the highest level in the fifteenth Conference of the parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, with the theme "Ecological civilization: building a community with a shared future on the planet", to promote biodiversity, To achieve its vision of harmony with nature by 2050 and on the basis of the Aichi Biodiversity goals and the lessons learned from the implementation of the 2011-2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, Develop and adopt an ambitious and realistic post-2020 global biodiversity framework that should be in line with the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development and address the main factors leading to the loss of biodiversity;

-working together to identify milestones to reverse the curve of biodiversity loss by 2030 by increasing the area of global conservation, especially in priority areas of biodiversity and ecosystem services;

-using the nature-based solutions alliance co-led by China, using nature-based solutions to address the loss of biodiversity, mitigation and adaptation to climate change and land and ecosystem degradation in a coordinated manner. Recognizing that nature-based solutions, including through support for important ecosystem services, biodiversity, access to fresh water, improved livelihoods, healthy diets and sustainable food systems, It is an important part of the global joint efforts to achieve the objectives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change and the Paris Agreement and to achieve the sustainable development goals;

Committed to taking appropriate and ambitious actions to halt and reverse the degradation of terrestrial and marine ecosystems and the loss of biodiversity from the perspective of the United Nations decade of ecosystem Restoration (2021-2030), Restore at least 30 per cent of degraded ecosystems that can be restored, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation, the protection of biodiversity, the fight against desertification and land degradation and food security;

-Combating environmental crimes, in particular smuggling and trafficking in endangered species of animals and plants and their manufactured goods, as well as illegal cross-border movement of solid waste, and prohibiting the illegal entry and exit of the above-mentioned articles;

-protect all important ecosystems, including biodiversity hotspots such as mountains, water, forests and grasses, and consider their role in addressing and combating climate change, reducing our respective forest footprints, in particular the impacts of agriculture and forestry;

-Mobilization of all States to develop a legally binding international instrument in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity beyond maritime areas under national jurisdiction;

-to address the problem of marine litter, in particular marine plastic waste and marine microplastics, and to take prompt and appropriate national action to prevent and significantly reduce the discharge of plastic waste and microplastics into the oceans;

-promoting the conservation and restoration of marine ecosystems;

-to promote the conservation of Antarctic marine living resources in accordance with the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine living Resources and to continue discussions on the conservation and sustainable use of Antarctic marine biodiversity, including the establishment of Antarctic marine protected areas, Including the establishment of marine protected areas there;

-to fulfil the commitment of developed countries to provide and raise $100 billion annually for climate finance by 2020, and to set a new collective quantitative target with a minimum of $100 billion per year by 2025, Taking into account the needs and priorities of developing countries. In this regard, the Green Climate Fund plays a key role as one of the tools to mobilize additional financial resources for low-carbon and resilient investment in developing countries;

Urge public, national and international development finance institutions and their cooperation networks, such as the International Development Finance Club (IDFC), Consider the positive and negative impacts of its financing on climate and biodiversity in accordance with the objectives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity;

-mobilizing additional resources from all public and private sources to adapt to and mitigate climate change and align financial flows with the path to low greenhouse gas emissions and climate resilience at the national and international levels, And used in biodiversity conservation and sustainable use, marine conservation, land degradation, etc.; Ensure that international financing, especially in the area of infrastructure, is consistent with the sustainable development goals and the Paris Agreement.

China-France Beijing Initiative on Biodiversity Conservation and Climate change (full text)

| gov.cn

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 6th, by wire

China-France Beijing Initiative on Biodiversity Conservation and Climate change

(Beijing, 6 November 2019)

Recalling the commitments made by the people's Republic of China and the French Republic in the Joint Declaration on the Common maintenance of multilateralism and the improvement of Global Governance of 25 March 2019, And two tripartite press releases on climate change issued with the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in Osaka and the G20 Summit in Buenos Aires;

Recalling the goals, principles and commitments of the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development and the three Rio conventions: the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change and its Kyoto Protocol, the Doha Amendment and the Paris Agreement, Welcomes the outcome of the United Nations Climate Action Summit, which stressed the importance of addressing climate change and the loss of biodiversity;

Reaffirming its strong commitment to strengthening international cooperation on climate change and ensuring that different national circumstances are taken into account, guided by the principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, including the principles of equitable, common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capacities, Fully and effectively implement the Paris Agreement, adhere to multilateralism, inject political impetus into international cooperation in jointly combating climate change, and jointly promote international relations based on mutual respect, fairness, justice and mutually beneficial cooperation;

-reaffirming its strong support for the Paris Agreement as an irreversible process and a yardstick for strong action on climate issues;

-reaffirming our common commitment to rationalize and phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies to encourage wasteful consumption in the medium term, while providing targeted support to the poorest;

-emphasizing that trade agreements should be consistent with the objectives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, the Paris Agreement and the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development;

Recalling that biodiversity loss and climate change threaten global peace and stability, food security, sustainable development and human health and are closely related to oceans, forests and land degradation, and emphasizing the importance of sustainable management of tropical forests, And tropical forests are hot spots of carbon sequestration and global biodiversity;

Welcoming the launch of the 2019 Global Biodiversity and ecosystem Services Assessment report by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy platform on Biodiversity and ecosystem Services, And two special reports on land, oceans and cryosphere issued by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change, recognizing the need to promote and implement transformational changes, To reduce the main drivers of biodiversity loss, including changes in land and marine use, direct overuse of organisms, climate change, pollution and invasion of alien species;

Committed to working together on the link between climate change and biodiversity, determined to support and work with other political leaders, To promote an effective global response to climate change and biodiversity loss at the fifteenth Conference of the parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, to be held in Kunming, China, in 2020;

We, Xi Jinping, President of the people's Republic of China, and Emmanuel Macron, President of the French Republic, are determined to make unprecedented efforts to ensure the future of future generations and to intensify global efforts to combat climate change. To accelerate the transition to green, low carbon and climate resilience, we met in Beijing on 6 November 2019 to call on all countries and, if necessary, local governments, businesses, non-governmental organizations and citizens:

-welcomes international initiatives to address climate change and curb the loss of biodiversity;

-in the context of sustainable development, inform or update nationally owned contributions to ensure that they are more progressive than before, reflect their highest level of ambition, and issue a long-term low greenhouse gas emissions development strategy for the middle of this century by 2020;

-ratify and implement the Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol as soon as possible, recognizing that the Kigali amendment can prevent a warming of up to 0.4 degrees Celsius by the end of the century, Coordinated efforts to improve the energy efficiency of air conditioning and other cooling equipment will bring additional environmental benefits, including emission reduction, public health and food security, and take action to improve energy efficiency in the global refrigeration sector;

-focus on, conserve, restore and wisely use biodiversity, encourage the participation of all actors and stakeholders, and support the development and implementation of an ambitious and realistic global framework for biodiversity beyond 2020;

-encourage actors and stakeholders in all sectors to make specific and determinable commitments and contributions to biodiversity conservation, To inspire and support the Government to take action within the framework of the "from Sharm el-Sheikh to Kunming-Nature and Human Action agenda" to promote a strong post-2020 global biodiversity framework;

-Joint efforts to prepare for the World Congress for Conservation of Nature (Marseille, June 2020) to achieve both ambitious and practical outcomes to inform the preparations for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework;

-promoting the active participation of political leaders at the highest level in the fifteenth Conference of the parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, with the theme "Ecological civilization: building a community with a shared future on the planet", to promote biodiversity, To achieve its vision of harmony with nature by 2050 and on the basis of the Aichi Biodiversity goals and the lessons learned from the implementation of the 2011-2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, Develop and adopt an ambitious and realistic post-2020 global biodiversity framework that should be in line with the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development and address the main factors leading to the loss of biodiversity;

-working together to identify milestones to reverse the curve of biodiversity loss by 2030 by increasing the area of global conservation, especially in priority areas of biodiversity and ecosystem services;

-using the nature-based solutions alliance co-led by China, using nature-based solutions to address the loss of biodiversity, mitigation and adaptation to climate change and land and ecosystem degradation in a coordinated manner. Recognizing that nature-based solutions, including through support for important ecosystem services, biodiversity, access to fresh water, improved livelihoods, healthy diets and sustainable food systems, It is an important part of the global joint efforts to achieve the objectives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change and the Paris Agreement and to achieve the sustainable development goals;

Committed to taking appropriate and ambitious actions to halt and reverse the degradation of terrestrial and marine ecosystems and the loss of biodiversity from the perspective of the United Nations decade of ecosystem Restoration (2021-2030), Restore at least 30 per cent of degraded ecosystems that can be restored, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation, the protection of biodiversity, the fight against desertification and land degradation and food security;

-Combating environmental crimes, in particular smuggling and trafficking in endangered species of animals and plants and their manufactured goods, as well as illegal cross-border movement of solid waste, and prohibiting the illegal entry and exit of the above-mentioned articles;

-protect all important ecosystems, including biodiversity hotspots such as mountains, water, forests and grasses, and consider their role in addressing and combating climate change, reducing our respective forest footprints, in particular the impacts of agriculture and forestry;

-Mobilization of all States to develop a legally binding international instrument in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity beyond maritime areas under national jurisdiction;

-to address the problem of marine litter, in particular marine plastic waste and marine microplastics, and to take prompt and appropriate national action to prevent and significantly reduce the discharge of plastic waste and microplastics into the oceans;

-promoting the conservation and restoration of marine ecosystems;

-to promote the conservation of Antarctic marine living resources in accordance with the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine living Resources and to continue discussions on the conservation and sustainable use of Antarctic marine biodiversity, including the establishment of Antarctic marine protected areas, Including the establishment of marine protected areas there;

-to fulfil the commitment of developed countries to provide and raise $100 billion annually for climate finance by 2020, and to set a new collective quantitative target with a minimum of $100 billion per year by 2025, Taking into account the needs and priorities of developing countries. In this regard, the Green Climate Fund plays a key role as one of the tools to mobilize additional financial resources for low-carbon and resilient investment in developing countries;

Urge public, national and international development finance institutions and their cooperation networks, such as the International Development Finance Club (IDFC), Consider the positive and negative impacts of its financing on climate and biodiversity in accordance with the objectives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity;

-mobilizing additional resources from all public and private sources to adapt to and mitigate climate change and align financial flows with the path to low greenhouse gas emissions and climate resilience at the national and international levels, And used in biodiversity conservation and sustainable use, marine conservation, land degradation, etc.; Ensure that international financing, especially in the area of infrastructure, is consistent with the sustainable development goals and the Paris Agreement.




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