Building the Institutional Foundation of China's long-term Stability-- the birth of the decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the Modernization of National Governance system and Governance capacity

| gov.cn

Beijing, 6 Nov (Xinhua)-- Building a solid institutional foundation for China's long-term stability-- "the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics, The birth of some important issues in promoting the Modernization of National Governance system and Governance capacity

Xinhua News Agency reporters Zhao Cheng, Huo Xiaoguang, Zhang Xiaosong, Zou Wei and Shi Yuzen

On October 31, 2019, The fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee voted to adopt the "decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity."

This is an action program and political declaration made by upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.

The "decision" of the plenum has written a historical chapter for self-confidence in the socialist road with Chinese characteristics, theoretical self-confidence, system self-confidence, and cultural self-confidence, and pointed out the direction for the oriental powers, which account for 1/5 of the world's population, to open up a new realm of national governance. It has also contributed Chinese wisdom to the institutional civilization of human society.

Shouldering the great mission to meet the requirements of the times-adhering to, perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and making it more mature and stereotyped is a fundamental, overall and long-term problem related to the development of the cause of the party and the state.

When the people's Republic has gone through a magnificent journey of 70 years, the pace of the times has reached another significant node.

"the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee is an important meeting held by our party at the historical intersection of the goals of the 'two hundred years'." General Secretary Xi Jinping speaks of the longitude and latitude of history.

"upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity"-- using a plenary session of the CPC Central Committee to study this major issue and make a decision, this is the first time in the history of our party.

This is a major decision made politically, comprehensively, strategically, based on the present and with a long-term view, and fully embodies the far-sighted strategic vision and strong historical responsibility of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core.

As early as after the third Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee was held, General Secretary Xi Jinping began to consider the theme of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee.

Standing in the tide of the great changes that have not been seen in a hundred years, General Secretary Xi Jinping has carried out profound strategic thinking: what should be adhered to and consolidated, perfected and developed in China's national system and national governance?

This important guide has set the main tone of keeping the right and innovating for the plenum, and has become the red line that runs through the plenum's "decision."

"I have thought for a long time about the topics of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee and listened to the views of all parties." At the first plenary meeting of the Plenary document drafting Group, General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly expounded the great strategic significance of the plenum topics.

The question of the Times that Contemporary Chinese Communists must answer--

"I am afraid it will be another 30 years before we will have a more mature and stereotyped system in all aspects." Comrade Deng Xiaoping put forward this strategic goal in the southern speech in 1992. The 14th CPC National Congress held in that year was solemnly written into the report of the Congress and clearly put forward a timetable "by the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Party." Since then, the National Congress of the Party and the Plenary session of the CPC Central Committee have further emphasized this task.

In the relay run of the Chinese Communists, this sacred mission historically fell on the shoulders of contemporary Chinese Communists represented by Comrade Xi Jinping. As General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, the time node is coming, it is necessary to systematically sort out and summarize this important proposition and answer it.

The logical Development of implementing the Strategic arrangement of the 19th CPC National Congress

The 19th CPC National Congress made the strategic arrangement of "two fifteen years" in the era coordinate of winning the decisive victory of building a well-off society in an all-round way and embarking on a new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way: from 2020 to 2035, we will basically realize socialist modernization; From 2035 to the middle of this century, we will build a powerful modern socialist country. Throughout the tasks of the two stages, they all clearly point to the major issues of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.

The fundamental requirements of promoting Reform and opening up in the New era

Six years ago, the third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee first put forward: "the general goal of comprehensively deepening reform is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and to promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity."

Compared with the past, the new era of reform and opening up has many new connotations and characteristics, of which a very important point is that the weight of system construction is heavier. In order to deepen the reform in an all-round way in the new era, we must profoundly grasp the requirements of China's development and the trend of the times, and put the building of the national system and the capacity of national governance in a more prominent position.

An important guarantee for the great rejuvenation of the nation

Standing at the historical moment of the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China, in the historical convergence period of "two hundred years", and in the face of the great changes that have not been seen in the world in the past century, a political party that is constantly striving to be in power for a long time. A political party that is unswervingly shouldering the important task of national rejuvenation, and a political party that is good at planning the century with a mind to the world, is bound to think about what we are going to do in the next 70 years and how to draw up the blueprint for the next century. How can the road to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation become wider and wider?

General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly pointed out: "our party is determined to pursue the great cause of the Chinese nation for a thousand years, not only to maintain the stability and continuity of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the system of national governance, but also to continuously enhance its development and innovation. We will promote the socialist system with Chinese characteristics to become more mature and stereotyped, and provide a solid and lasting institutional guarantee for ensuring the enduring prosperity of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. "

What kind of system and governance system a country chooses is determined by its historical inheritance, cultural tradition and the level of economic and social development.

The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is deeply rooted in the vast fertile soil of China, sucks up the cultural nutrients accumulated by the long struggle of the Chinese nation, and draws lessons from the beneficial achievements of human institutional civilization, which has been formed through long-term practice and development of revolution, construction, and reform. It has profound historical logic, theoretical logic and practical logic.

Nearly a hundred years after the founding of the Communist Party of China and 70 years after the founding of New China, in the course of exploring the establishment and improvement of the national system and governance system, the Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, getting rich to becoming strong.

What's wrong with the world? where will the world go? In the face of an uncertain future, the world is paying more attention to the secret of China's success.

In the new journey of socialist modernization, more than ever, we need to clearly answer the major question of what should be adhered to and consolidated, and what should be perfected and developed in China's national system and national governance.

This is the historical position of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, and it is also the background of the birth of the Plenary session.

Firmly grasp the course and give full play to Democracy-- the drafting of the "decision" of the Plenary session has always been carried out under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, and has been promoted in the process of systematic study, profound thinking, eclectic and consensus-building.

"We will go all out to do a good job in the drafting of documents and come up with good documents that can withstand the test of history and practice." General Secretary Xi Jinping made a clear request from the beginning.

The drafting group of the plenum documents was personally headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping.

Huairen Hall, Zhongnanhai, April 3, 2019. General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over the first plenary meeting of the Plenary document drafting Group. For more than 200 days and nights since then, the drafting of the "decision" of the plenary session has always been carried out under the direct leadership of General Secretary Xi Jinping.

He presided over two plenary meetings of the Plenary document drafting Group, four meetings of the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, two meetings of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, and numerous reviews and corrections of the draft documents. From the outline framework to the submission of manuscripts, each draft reported is carefully reviewed and requested. General Secretary Xi Jinping devoted a great deal of effort to the drafting of the "decision" of the plenary session.

Turn the direction--

This paper profoundly expounds the great strategic significance of the topics of the plenary session, systematically summarizes the historical process of the formation and development of China's national system and national governance system, and further emphasizes the profound significance of adhering to the nature of China's socialist country and the ownership of the people. General Secretary Xi Jinping has made a series of important instructions on the basis of history and reality, current and long-term, theory and practice, integrity and innovation, so as to provide fundamental compliance for the drafting of the plenum's "decision."

Set principles--

General Secretary Xi Jinping repeatedly stressed: to draft the "decision" of this plenary session, first, it is necessary to accurately grasp the main line of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. Second, we must persist in seeing whether the system is good and superior from the perspective of a large evaluation system, and third, we should focus on clearly explaining what to uphold and consolidate, and what to improve and develop.

Focus on--

General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly pointed out that the topics studied at this plenary session cover a wide range of topics, and it is necessary to focus on studying the fundamental, basic, and important systems that support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. It fully explains the historical inevitability and Chinese characteristics of our system, and pays close attention to the theme to highlight the new arrangements and key measures.

Other comrades of the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee have also conducted investigations and studies around the drafting of the "decision" of the plenary session, carried out in-depth thinking, and put forward clear opinions.

In drafting a good document, we must strive to improve our ideological and theoretical literacy, and strive to fully reflect the achievements of our party's theoretical and practical innovation.

From bright spring to hot summer, and then to autumn, comrades in the document drafting group of the plenum conscientiously studied General Secretary Xi Jinping's important works and speeches, studied in depth the important documents of the Party, and conducted discussions on key issues. Dozens of documents selected and compiled, read and read, draw and draw, some fold the corner of the page, some insert notes, all kinds of notes, symbols dense. Learn to think, investigate and demonstrate, discuss collisions, draft amendments. The plenary documents have been gradually formed in the course of repeated comparison and detailed deliberation.

In drafting a good document, we must give full play to democracy, pool collective wisdom, and extensively absorb the wisdom of the whole party and society. The drafting process of the "decision" of the plenary session is a vivid practice of carrying forward socialist democracy.

On 7 April, the CPC Central Committee issued a circular to organize discussions within the Party to extensively solicit opinions and suggestions on the topics of the plenary session.

In more than 20 days, 109 opinions and suggestions have been gathered from all over the world. The plenary document drafting group compiled a summary of 540000 words and formed a summary report. With the investigation and thinking of the situation of the Party and the situation of the world, it condenses the crystallization of the wisdom of the whole Party.

After five months of hard work, in early September, the draft "decision" of the plenum for soliciting opinions was issued to all departments and regions of the party, government and military groups of the CPC Central Committee for extensive solicitation of opinions within the party. Veteran comrades in the party also put forward their opinions on the draft "decision" of the plenum for soliciting opinions.

Share weal and woe, take care of each other. As early as April, the CPC Central Committee commissioned the United Front work Department of the CPC Central Committee to convene a forum of non-Party personages to solicit opinions on the theme of the plenary session. On 25 September, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over a forum to listen to the opinions of various democratic parties, the all-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, and personages without party affiliation on the draft "decision" of the plenary session. Non-party participants put forward a lot of valuable and insightful opinions and suggestions.

The sea accepts all rivers, tolerance is big. With regard to the draft "decision" of the plenum, a total of 1948 amendments were put forward by various localities and departments.

"repeated study of opinions and suggestions from all walks of life can be absorbed as far as possible." according to the important instructions of General Secretary Xi Jinping, the document drafting group of the plenum added, rewrote and condensed a total of 283 documents, covering 436 opinions and suggestions.

On October 28th, Mobilizing the strength of the whole Party and bringing together the wisdom of all parties, "the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics, The decision on a number of major issues in promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity (discussion draft) was placed in front of comrades attending the plenary session.

At the four-day plenary session, comrades attending the meeting conscientiously studied and understood General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech and explained the plenum's "decision (discussion draft)." they closely followed the theme of the meeting for in-depth discussion, and conscientiously studied the draft of the plenum's "decision." During the first round of discussions, the plenary document drafting group received 227 feedback. In the light of these comments, 45 amendments were made to the Plenary decision (discussion draft).

During the meeting, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over a meeting of the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee to review and propose amendments to the draft "decision" of the plenary session.

On the morning of 31 October, the draft decision of the plenary, to be submitted to the plenary for voting, was again referred to the panels for discussion. Study carefully, think carefully, discuss warmly. In the spirit of a high degree of responsibility, the comrades present at the meeting also put forward some amendments. The plenum again made four important amendments to the draft decision.

In the process of soliciting opinions, deliberating and discussing, from major judgments and important measures to key formulations and phrases, each consultation has been systematically sorted out, seriously treated, and fully absorbed.

Hillhouse, thousands of words. The writing style of the plenum's "decision" is impressive.

Focus on the system, governance, each part of the cap qualitative concise; the next few clear what to do, the system, policies, principles in place; the political conclusion is clear, the principled position is concise. The drafting and revision of the plenum's "decision" fully implemented General Secretary Xi Jinping's requirement that "major issues should not be vague and must be made clear."

The comrades present at the meeting agreed that the plenum's "decision" is a good document for raising the flag, unifying thinking, and uniting strength, and is a programmatic document for promoting the construction of China's national system and national governance system. It will have a significant and far-reaching impact on the construction of a systematic, scientific and standardized, effective institutional system, and the improvement of the modernization level of national governance system and governance capacity.

Showing the advantages of the system and adhering to the right Innovation-- the "decision" of the Plenary session will certainly promote the provision of a more solid institutional guarantee for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation

On November 5, 2019, the full text of the decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity was published.

The plenum "decision" is divided into 3 major plates and 15 parts. The first part is the general introduction, which expounds the great significance and overall requirements of adhering to and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance ability. The second part to the fourteenth part expounds the 13 aspects of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The fifteenth part and the conclusion expounds the strengthening of the Party's leadership in upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance ability.

Opening the "decision" of the plenum, the action program and political declaration of what the Chinese Communists adhere to and consolidate, perfect and develop in the new era are resounding, and the theoretical and practical character of keeping pace with the times and keeping up with the right and innovation have sprung to paper.

Two miracles! For the first time, a comprehensive summary of the historical achievements in the construction of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics--

"the miracle of rapid economic development and the miracle of long-term social stability, which are rare in the world," these two "miracles" created by the people under the leadership of our party have been written into the plenum document of the party for the first time in the 70 years since the founding of new China.

It is such a Chinese miracle that makes the people full of self-confidence and impresses the world. Indisputable facts have repeatedly proved that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the state governance system have won the support of the people and have strong vitality and great superiority.

13 significant advantages! For the first time, we will focus on the remarkable advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the system of national governance.

"where is the socialist system good and where is its superiority reflected?"Why is the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics feasible and good?". In the process of Sinicization and modernization of Marxism, the contemporary Chinese Communists, who are more sober and mature in theory, have given a resounding answer.

"adhere to the party's centralized and unified leadership, adhere to the party's scientific theory, maintain political stability, and ensure that the country always moves forward in the direction of socialism."

"adhere to the people as the masters of the country, develop people's democracy, maintain close ties with the masses, and closely rely on the remarkable advantages of the people in promoting the development of the country";

"the remarkable advantage of adhering to a game of chess in the whole country, arousing the enthusiasm of all parties, and concentrating their efforts on major events";

……

Focusing on the 13 remarkable advantages is the basic basis for us to strengthen our self-confidence in socialism with Chinese characteristics, theoretical self-confidence, system self-confidence, and cultural self-confidence.

13 aspects! For the first time, it profoundly expounds the fundamental system, the basic system and the important system that support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

The leadership system of the Party, the system of the people being the masters of the country, the socialist rule of law system with Chinese characteristics, the socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics, the basic socialist economic system, the system for the prosperity and development of socialist advanced culture, To co-ordinate the livelihood security system in urban and rural areas, the social governance system for co-construction and co-governance, the ecological civilization system, the party's absolute leadership system over the people's army, the "one country, two systems" system, and the independent foreign policy of peace. The supervision system of the Party and the state.

The system covering 13 aspects outlines the broad pattern of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics in the new era.

"fully realized"! For the first time, it clearly puts forward the overall goal of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the national governance system and the modernization of governance capacity.

"by the time our party was founded 100 years ago, we will have achieved remarkable results in becoming more mature and stereotyped in all aspects of the system."

"by 2035, all aspects of the system will be more perfect, basically realizing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity";

"by the 100th year after the founding of New China, we will fully realize the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, so that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics will be more consolidated and its superiority fully demonstrated."

Adhering to the leadership of the Party is the fundamental compliance with the "decision" of the plenum.

The leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the most concentrated embodiment of the strong vitality and great superiority of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

In the socialist system with Chinese characteristics described in the plenum's "decision" system, the party's leadership system is the fundamental leadership system of the state, which dominates and runs through other aspects of the system.

"establish a system that does not forget the original ideals and aspirations and bear in mind the mission", "perfect and firmly safeguard the authority of the CPC Central Committee and the systems of centralized and unified leadership" and "improve the overall leadership system of the Party". We should improve the party's leadership system in six aspects, improve the party's leadership system of taking charge of the overall situation and coordinating all parties, and implement the party's leadership in all aspects of national governance.

Taking the people as the center is the value purport of the plenum's "decision".

The word "people" has repeatedly appeared, and a special chapter has been opened to discuss "upholding and perfecting the people's livelihood security system for the overall planning of urban and rural areas, so as to meet the growing needs of the people for a better life." The plenum's "decision" solemnly declared the original mission of the Chinese Communists, such as their feelings for the people.

"improve the promotion mechanism conducive to fuller and higher quality employment", "improve the social security system covering the whole people", "strengthen the institutional guarantee for improving the health level of the people". Everything is affectionate for the sake of the people.

"Breaking" and "standing" are carried out at the same time, and "system" and "governance" are integrated.

The plenum "decided" to deploy more than 200 major measures to further clarify the letter of task.

The vitality of the system lies in the implementation.

The plenum's "decision" clearly put forward the higher requirements for the communists in the new era to shoulder the sacred mission and shoulder the heavy burden of history.

"upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity is a major strategic task for the whole party."

"it must be carried out under the unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee, scientifically planned, carefully organized, combined with the near and far, and promoted as a whole."

"earnestly strengthen the awareness of the system, take the lead in safeguarding the authority of the system, and set an example in the implementation of the system." the plenum "decided" to put forward clear requirements for party committees and governments at all levels as well as leading cadres at all levels.

In accordance with General Secretary Xi Jinping's early planning and arrangements for the study, propaganda, and implementation of the spirit of the plenum, the relevant departments formulated relevant propaganda and propaganda programs in advance, worked out the list of major measures, and came up with a specific division of labor plan for implementation. To ensure the implementation and effectiveness of the spirit of the plenum and various measures.

Looking back on the road, looking forward to the future, the more after the baptism of wind and rain, the more confident we are.

Under the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese people, who have a splendid history of civilization for more than 5000 years, keep abreast of the times and keep pace with the times. After decades of arduous exploration, they have formed and developed a socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Out of a road that has been proved by practice and will be proved to be correct by history.

Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, the Chinese people will certainly be able to write a more brilliant new article on upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the country's governance system and governance ability.

Building the Institutional Foundation of China's long-term Stability-- the birth of the decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the Modernization of National Governance system and Governance capacity

| gov.cn

Beijing, 6 Nov (Xinhua)-- Building a solid institutional foundation for China's long-term stability-- "the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics, The birth of some important issues in promoting the Modernization of National Governance system and Governance capacity

Xinhua News Agency reporters Zhao Cheng, Huo Xiaoguang, Zhang Xiaosong, Zou Wei and Shi Yuzen

On October 31, 2019, The fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee voted to adopt the "decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity."

This is an action program and political declaration made by upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.

The "decision" of the plenum has written a historical chapter for self-confidence in the socialist road with Chinese characteristics, theoretical self-confidence, system self-confidence, and cultural self-confidence, and pointed out the direction for the oriental powers, which account for 1/5 of the world's population, to open up a new realm of national governance. It has also contributed Chinese wisdom to the institutional civilization of human society.

Shouldering the great mission to meet the requirements of the times-adhering to, perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and making it more mature and stereotyped is a fundamental, overall and long-term problem related to the development of the cause of the party and the state.

When the people's Republic has gone through a magnificent journey of 70 years, the pace of the times has reached another significant node.

"the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee is an important meeting held by our party at the historical intersection of the goals of the 'two hundred years'." General Secretary Xi Jinping speaks of the longitude and latitude of history.

"upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity"-- using a plenary session of the CPC Central Committee to study this major issue and make a decision, this is the first time in the history of our party.

This is a major decision made politically, comprehensively, strategically, based on the present and with a long-term view, and fully embodies the far-sighted strategic vision and strong historical responsibility of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core.

As early as after the third Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee was held, General Secretary Xi Jinping began to consider the theme of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee.

Standing in the tide of the great changes that have not been seen in a hundred years, General Secretary Xi Jinping has carried out profound strategic thinking: what should be adhered to and consolidated, perfected and developed in China's national system and national governance?

This important guide has set the main tone of keeping the right and innovating for the plenum, and has become the red line that runs through the plenum's "decision."

"I have thought for a long time about the topics of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee and listened to the views of all parties." At the first plenary meeting of the Plenary document drafting Group, General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly expounded the great strategic significance of the plenum topics.

The question of the Times that Contemporary Chinese Communists must answer--

"I am afraid it will be another 30 years before we will have a more mature and stereotyped system in all aspects." Comrade Deng Xiaoping put forward this strategic goal in the southern speech in 1992. The 14th CPC National Congress held in that year was solemnly written into the report of the Congress and clearly put forward a timetable "by the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Party." Since then, the National Congress of the Party and the Plenary session of the CPC Central Committee have further emphasized this task.

In the relay run of the Chinese Communists, this sacred mission historically fell on the shoulders of contemporary Chinese Communists represented by Comrade Xi Jinping. As General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, the time node is coming, it is necessary to systematically sort out and summarize this important proposition and answer it.

The logical Development of implementing the Strategic arrangement of the 19th CPC National Congress

The 19th CPC National Congress made the strategic arrangement of "two fifteen years" in the era coordinate of winning the decisive victory of building a well-off society in an all-round way and embarking on a new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way: from 2020 to 2035, we will basically realize socialist modernization; From 2035 to the middle of this century, we will build a powerful modern socialist country. Throughout the tasks of the two stages, they all clearly point to the major issues of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.

The fundamental requirements of promoting Reform and opening up in the New era

Six years ago, the third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee first put forward: "the general goal of comprehensively deepening reform is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and to promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity."

Compared with the past, the new era of reform and opening up has many new connotations and characteristics, of which a very important point is that the weight of system construction is heavier. In order to deepen the reform in an all-round way in the new era, we must profoundly grasp the requirements of China's development and the trend of the times, and put the building of the national system and the capacity of national governance in a more prominent position.

An important guarantee for the great rejuvenation of the nation

Standing at the historical moment of the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China, in the historical convergence period of "two hundred years", and in the face of the great changes that have not been seen in the world in the past century, a political party that is constantly striving to be in power for a long time. A political party that is unswervingly shouldering the important task of national rejuvenation, and a political party that is good at planning the century with a mind to the world, is bound to think about what we are going to do in the next 70 years and how to draw up the blueprint for the next century. How can the road to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation become wider and wider?

General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly pointed out: "our party is determined to pursue the great cause of the Chinese nation for a thousand years, not only to maintain the stability and continuity of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the system of national governance, but also to continuously enhance its development and innovation. We will promote the socialist system with Chinese characteristics to become more mature and stereotyped, and provide a solid and lasting institutional guarantee for ensuring the enduring prosperity of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. "

What kind of system and governance system a country chooses is determined by its historical inheritance, cultural tradition and the level of economic and social development.

The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is deeply rooted in the vast fertile soil of China, sucks up the cultural nutrients accumulated by the long struggle of the Chinese nation, and draws lessons from the beneficial achievements of human institutional civilization, which has been formed through long-term practice and development of revolution, construction, and reform. It has profound historical logic, theoretical logic and practical logic.

Nearly a hundred years after the founding of the Communist Party of China and 70 years after the founding of New China, in the course of exploring the establishment and improvement of the national system and governance system, the Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, getting rich to becoming strong.

What's wrong with the world? where will the world go? In the face of an uncertain future, the world is paying more attention to the secret of China's success.

In the new journey of socialist modernization, more than ever, we need to clearly answer the major question of what should be adhered to and consolidated, and what should be perfected and developed in China's national system and national governance.

This is the historical position of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, and it is also the background of the birth of the Plenary session.

Firmly grasp the course and give full play to Democracy-- the drafting of the "decision" of the Plenary session has always been carried out under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, and has been promoted in the process of systematic study, profound thinking, eclectic and consensus-building.

"We will go all out to do a good job in the drafting of documents and come up with good documents that can withstand the test of history and practice." General Secretary Xi Jinping made a clear request from the beginning.

The drafting group of the plenum documents was personally headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping.

Huairen Hall, Zhongnanhai, April 3, 2019. General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over the first plenary meeting of the Plenary document drafting Group. For more than 200 days and nights since then, the drafting of the "decision" of the plenary session has always been carried out under the direct leadership of General Secretary Xi Jinping.

He presided over two plenary meetings of the Plenary document drafting Group, four meetings of the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, two meetings of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, and numerous reviews and corrections of the draft documents. From the outline framework to the submission of manuscripts, each draft reported is carefully reviewed and requested. General Secretary Xi Jinping devoted a great deal of effort to the drafting of the "decision" of the plenary session.

Turn the direction--

This paper profoundly expounds the great strategic significance of the topics of the plenary session, systematically summarizes the historical process of the formation and development of China's national system and national governance system, and further emphasizes the profound significance of adhering to the nature of China's socialist country and the ownership of the people. General Secretary Xi Jinping has made a series of important instructions on the basis of history and reality, current and long-term, theory and practice, integrity and innovation, so as to provide fundamental compliance for the drafting of the plenum's "decision."

Set principles--

General Secretary Xi Jinping repeatedly stressed: to draft the "decision" of this plenary session, first, it is necessary to accurately grasp the main line of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. Second, we must persist in seeing whether the system is good and superior from the perspective of a large evaluation system, and third, we should focus on clearly explaining what to uphold and consolidate, and what to improve and develop.

Focus on--

General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly pointed out that the topics studied at this plenary session cover a wide range of topics, and it is necessary to focus on studying the fundamental, basic, and important systems that support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. It fully explains the historical inevitability and Chinese characteristics of our system, and pays close attention to the theme to highlight the new arrangements and key measures.

Other comrades of the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee have also conducted investigations and studies around the drafting of the "decision" of the plenary session, carried out in-depth thinking, and put forward clear opinions.

In drafting a good document, we must strive to improve our ideological and theoretical literacy, and strive to fully reflect the achievements of our party's theoretical and practical innovation.

From bright spring to hot summer, and then to autumn, comrades in the document drafting group of the plenum conscientiously studied General Secretary Xi Jinping's important works and speeches, studied in depth the important documents of the Party, and conducted discussions on key issues. Dozens of documents selected and compiled, read and read, draw and draw, some fold the corner of the page, some insert notes, all kinds of notes, symbols dense. Learn to think, investigate and demonstrate, discuss collisions, draft amendments. The plenary documents have been gradually formed in the course of repeated comparison and detailed deliberation.

In drafting a good document, we must give full play to democracy, pool collective wisdom, and extensively absorb the wisdom of the whole party and society. The drafting process of the "decision" of the plenary session is a vivid practice of carrying forward socialist democracy.

On 7 April, the CPC Central Committee issued a circular to organize discussions within the Party to extensively solicit opinions and suggestions on the topics of the plenary session.

In more than 20 days, 109 opinions and suggestions have been gathered from all over the world. The plenary document drafting group compiled a summary of 540000 words and formed a summary report. With the investigation and thinking of the situation of the Party and the situation of the world, it condenses the crystallization of the wisdom of the whole Party.

After five months of hard work, in early September, the draft "decision" of the plenum for soliciting opinions was issued to all departments and regions of the party, government and military groups of the CPC Central Committee for extensive solicitation of opinions within the party. Veteran comrades in the party also put forward their opinions on the draft "decision" of the plenum for soliciting opinions.

Share weal and woe, take care of each other. As early as April, the CPC Central Committee commissioned the United Front work Department of the CPC Central Committee to convene a forum of non-Party personages to solicit opinions on the theme of the plenary session. On 25 September, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over a forum to listen to the opinions of various democratic parties, the all-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, and personages without party affiliation on the draft "decision" of the plenary session. Non-party participants put forward a lot of valuable and insightful opinions and suggestions.

The sea accepts all rivers, tolerance is big. With regard to the draft "decision" of the plenum, a total of 1948 amendments were put forward by various localities and departments.

"repeated study of opinions and suggestions from all walks of life can be absorbed as far as possible." according to the important instructions of General Secretary Xi Jinping, the document drafting group of the plenum added, rewrote and condensed a total of 283 documents, covering 436 opinions and suggestions.

On October 28th, Mobilizing the strength of the whole Party and bringing together the wisdom of all parties, "the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics, The decision on a number of major issues in promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity (discussion draft) was placed in front of comrades attending the plenary session.

At the four-day plenary session, comrades attending the meeting conscientiously studied and understood General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech and explained the plenum's "decision (discussion draft)." they closely followed the theme of the meeting for in-depth discussion, and conscientiously studied the draft of the plenum's "decision." During the first round of discussions, the plenary document drafting group received 227 feedback. In the light of these comments, 45 amendments were made to the Plenary decision (discussion draft).

During the meeting, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over a meeting of the standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee to review and propose amendments to the draft "decision" of the plenary session.

On the morning of 31 October, the draft decision of the plenary, to be submitted to the plenary for voting, was again referred to the panels for discussion. Study carefully, think carefully, discuss warmly. In the spirit of a high degree of responsibility, the comrades present at the meeting also put forward some amendments. The plenum again made four important amendments to the draft decision.

In the process of soliciting opinions, deliberating and discussing, from major judgments and important measures to key formulations and phrases, each consultation has been systematically sorted out, seriously treated, and fully absorbed.

Hillhouse, thousands of words. The writing style of the plenum's "decision" is impressive.

Focus on the system, governance, each part of the cap qualitative concise; the next few clear what to do, the system, policies, principles in place; the political conclusion is clear, the principled position is concise. The drafting and revision of the plenum's "decision" fully implemented General Secretary Xi Jinping's requirement that "major issues should not be vague and must be made clear."

The comrades present at the meeting agreed that the plenum's "decision" is a good document for raising the flag, unifying thinking, and uniting strength, and is a programmatic document for promoting the construction of China's national system and national governance system. It will have a significant and far-reaching impact on the construction of a systematic, scientific and standardized, effective institutional system, and the improvement of the modernization level of national governance system and governance capacity.

Showing the advantages of the system and adhering to the right Innovation-- the "decision" of the Plenary session will certainly promote the provision of a more solid institutional guarantee for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation

On November 5, 2019, the full text of the decision of the CPC Central Committee on upholding and perfecting the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the Modernization of the National Governance system and Governance capacity was published.

The plenum "decision" is divided into 3 major plates and 15 parts. The first part is the general introduction, which expounds the great significance and overall requirements of adhering to and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance ability. The second part to the fourteenth part expounds the 13 aspects of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The fifteenth part and the conclusion expounds the strengthening of the Party's leadership in upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance ability.

Opening the "decision" of the plenum, the action program and political declaration of what the Chinese Communists adhere to and consolidate, perfect and develop in the new era are resounding, and the theoretical and practical character of keeping pace with the times and keeping up with the right and innovation have sprung to paper.

Two miracles! For the first time, a comprehensive summary of the historical achievements in the construction of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics--

"the miracle of rapid economic development and the miracle of long-term social stability, which are rare in the world," these two "miracles" created by the people under the leadership of our party have been written into the plenum document of the party for the first time in the 70 years since the founding of new China.

It is such a Chinese miracle that makes the people full of self-confidence and impresses the world. Indisputable facts have repeatedly proved that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the state governance system have won the support of the people and have strong vitality and great superiority.

13 significant advantages! For the first time, we will focus on the remarkable advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the system of national governance.

"where is the socialist system good and where is its superiority reflected?"Why is the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics feasible and good?". In the process of Sinicization and modernization of Marxism, the contemporary Chinese Communists, who are more sober and mature in theory, have given a resounding answer.

"adhere to the party's centralized and unified leadership, adhere to the party's scientific theory, maintain political stability, and ensure that the country always moves forward in the direction of socialism."

"adhere to the people as the masters of the country, develop people's democracy, maintain close ties with the masses, and closely rely on the remarkable advantages of the people in promoting the development of the country";

"the remarkable advantage of adhering to a game of chess in the whole country, arousing the enthusiasm of all parties, and concentrating their efforts on major events";

……

Focusing on the 13 remarkable advantages is the basic basis for us to strengthen our self-confidence in socialism with Chinese characteristics, theoretical self-confidence, system self-confidence, and cultural self-confidence.

13 aspects! For the first time, it profoundly expounds the fundamental system, the basic system and the important system that support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

The leadership system of the Party, the system of the people being the masters of the country, the socialist rule of law system with Chinese characteristics, the socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics, the basic socialist economic system, the system for the prosperity and development of socialist advanced culture, To co-ordinate the livelihood security system in urban and rural areas, the social governance system for co-construction and co-governance, the ecological civilization system, the party's absolute leadership system over the people's army, the "one country, two systems" system, and the independent foreign policy of peace. The supervision system of the Party and the state.

The system covering 13 aspects outlines the broad pattern of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics in the new era.

"fully realized"! For the first time, it clearly puts forward the overall goal of upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the national governance system and the modernization of governance capacity.

"by the time our party was founded 100 years ago, we will have achieved remarkable results in becoming more mature and stereotyped in all aspects of the system."

"by 2035, all aspects of the system will be more perfect, basically realizing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity";

"by the 100th year after the founding of New China, we will fully realize the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, so that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics will be more consolidated and its superiority fully demonstrated."

Adhering to the leadership of the Party is the fundamental compliance with the "decision" of the plenum.

The leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the most concentrated embodiment of the strong vitality and great superiority of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

In the socialist system with Chinese characteristics described in the plenum's "decision" system, the party's leadership system is the fundamental leadership system of the state, which dominates and runs through other aspects of the system.

"establish a system that does not forget the original ideals and aspirations and bear in mind the mission", "perfect and firmly safeguard the authority of the CPC Central Committee and the systems of centralized and unified leadership" and "improve the overall leadership system of the Party". We should improve the party's leadership system in six aspects, improve the party's leadership system of taking charge of the overall situation and coordinating all parties, and implement the party's leadership in all aspects of national governance.

Taking the people as the center is the value purport of the plenum's "decision".

The word "people" has repeatedly appeared, and a special chapter has been opened to discuss "upholding and perfecting the people's livelihood security system for the overall planning of urban and rural areas, so as to meet the growing needs of the people for a better life." The plenum's "decision" solemnly declared the original mission of the Chinese Communists, such as their feelings for the people.

"improve the promotion mechanism conducive to fuller and higher quality employment", "improve the social security system covering the whole people", "strengthen the institutional guarantee for improving the health level of the people". Everything is affectionate for the sake of the people.

"Breaking" and "standing" are carried out at the same time, and "system" and "governance" are integrated.

The plenum "decided" to deploy more than 200 major measures to further clarify the letter of task.

The vitality of the system lies in the implementation.

The plenum's "decision" clearly put forward the higher requirements for the communists in the new era to shoulder the sacred mission and shoulder the heavy burden of history.

"upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity is a major strategic task for the whole party."

"it must be carried out under the unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee, scientifically planned, carefully organized, combined with the near and far, and promoted as a whole."

"earnestly strengthen the awareness of the system, take the lead in safeguarding the authority of the system, and set an example in the implementation of the system." the plenum "decided" to put forward clear requirements for party committees and governments at all levels as well as leading cadres at all levels.

In accordance with General Secretary Xi Jinping's early planning and arrangements for the study, propaganda, and implementation of the spirit of the plenum, the relevant departments formulated relevant propaganda and propaganda programs in advance, worked out the list of major measures, and came up with a specific division of labor plan for implementation. To ensure the implementation and effectiveness of the spirit of the plenum and various measures.

Looking back on the road, looking forward to the future, the more after the baptism of wind and rain, the more confident we are.

Under the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese people, who have a splendid history of civilization for more than 5000 years, keep abreast of the times and keep pace with the times. After decades of arduous exploration, they have formed and developed a socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Out of a road that has been proved by practice and will be proved to be correct by history.

Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, the Chinese people will certainly be able to write a more brilliant new article on upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the country's governance system and governance ability.











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