"steady harvest" and "excellent harvest" depict the new picture of autumn harvest
Beijing, 6 Nov (Xinhua) the title: "stable harvest" and "good harvest" depict a new picture of autumn harvest
Xinhua News Agency reporters Zhou Mian, Lin Chao and Wang Jian
At present, the national autumn harvest has basically come to an end, and reporters recently felt in the fields of some grain-producing areas such as Hunan, Fujian, and Heilongjiang that with the deepening of structural reform on the supply side of agriculture, The green farming method, the strict control of the quality and the extensive application of agricultural science and technology make the broad masses of farmers have more "stable harvest" and "good harvest" in addition to the bumper harvest.
Green bottoming to make agricultural products safer
The autumn harvest is golden yellow, but its background is green. This is also a new mode of production and farming concept for many farmers nowadays. In early November, when other people's middle rice had been harvested, the rice fields of Wanxin Family Farm in Shuixi Village, Pucheng County, Nanping City, Fujian Province, were full of "bowed heads" of golden rice.
"this is ratoon rice, it is green planting. After the middle rice has been cut, there is no need to sow, fertilize or prescribe medicine, and we can grow another season and harvest another 400 to 500 jin. " Ma Fanghua, the person in charge of the farm, "explained to the reporter," regardless of the fact that the yield per mu is only more than 400 jin, because there is no need to replant it, it is equivalent to using dozens of jin of pesticide fertilizer less per mu of land. "
At the Xinhe Organic Rice Cooperative Base in Yanshou County, Heilongjiang Province, the reporter saw a film similar to the color of black soil in the rice field. Yao Hongliang, chairman of the cooperative, said that because of the cultivation of organic rice, the plastic film used by the cooperative is all made of corn starch degradable materials. It can inhibit the growth of weeds, avoid the use of herbicides, promote the fermentation and decomposition of organic fertilizer in soil, fully ensure the green growth environment of organic rice, improve the yield and quality of rice, and sell more than 5 yuan per catty of rice.
Zhong Yuxian, a big grower in Ziyang District, Yiyang City, Hunan Province, has been "miserable" by the way of planting "large-scale, regardless of pollution". He said that in the past, fertilization only focused on "one bombardment", which not only failed to improve the quality of rice, but also resulted in eutrophication of water quality and increased activity of heavy metals in soil.
In the past two years, Zhong Yuxian has begun to use soil testing formula fertilization, as long as he turns on the special software on his mobile phone, selects the types of crops, and then locates the farmland, a detailed "formula fertilizer application table" will be presented. "then input the data into the intelligent fertilizer dispenser, and the fertilizer you want in the field is ready." That would reduce fertilizer application by at least 50%, Mr. Zhong said.
Pursue quality and grow better rice
Although high-quality rice has a detailed evaluation system that contains a lot of data, because different consumers have different tastes, they end up eating rice instead of data. As a result, in recent years, "tasting conferences" and "tasting experiments" have gradually become popular.
After the autumn harvest, one of the most important tasks for Zhong Yuxian is to participate in the "tasting experiment" organized by the agricultural department. "I've tried it three times this year." He told reporters that all the varieties he grows every year are "selected" by his mouth. They will also set up a special experimental field, use different farming methods to compare different varieties, select the best for large-scale planting. "you smell this' yellow flower Zhan', which I experimented with last year with rape as the base fertilizer, plus some other ecological methods." Zhong Yuxian told reporters with a glass jar full of rice.
Also doing so is Chen Meisheng, head of the Meisheng Family Farm in Dongdu Village, Yutian Town, Changle District, Fuzhou City, Fujian Province.
"High-quality rice is certainly a trend, and it is better to sell millet than to sell rice, so now we are all planting and processing one-stop industries." Chen Meisheng, who finds out the door, tries to plant more than a dozen varieties on a small scale every year to see the reflection of the market, and then adjust the following year. In 2016, Chen Meisheng planted "jade needle fragrance" rice grains slender, rich rice fragrance, very popular in the market, the price is as high as 12.9 yuan / jin, the output value per mu is 6000 yuan, which is four times the output value of ordinary rice. As a result, Chen Meisheng also created his own brand "Mina".
Play with technology to make farming easier
According to the white paper "China's Food Security" published in October this year, the contribution rate of China's agricultural scientific and technological progress reached 58.3 percent in 2018, an increase of 42.8 percentage points from 15.5 percent in 1996. Among them, the large-scale use of modern agricultural machinery brings abundant power for the revitalization of the countryside and makes farming more simple.
In the past, the rice collected should be put in the sun on the side of the road, not only for a long time, but also devalued after the car was crushed. Now, in Chen Meisheng's drying center, several working dryers ring, but not a single worker can be seen next to them. It turns out that through mobile phone data transmission, Chen Meisheng sat in the office to complete the operation and monitoring: "when agriculture is busy, we can handle 1000 tons of rice a day, drying and removing impurities at the same time, just like a large 'rice washing machine'."
"if you don't learn, you'll have to fall behind in less than three or five years." Zhong Yuxian, who is over 50 years old, has been dealing with agricultural drones every day. His use of agricultural machinery has long exceeded that of ordinary farmers, but he still dares not snub it. "now the update speed of drones is very fast. I haven't heard of the concepts of imitating ground flight and intelligent brushing machine in the past two years. Not to mention other equipment. " Zhong Yuxian told reporters that he often took advantage of the opportunity of manufacturers to do maintenance free of charge, next to the "steal teacher."
Nowadays, with the new demand for agricultural supply-side structural reform, green development and high-quality development, the proportion of science and technology in agricultural production is gradually expanding. Liang Xianming, president of Hunan Agricultural Broadcasting School, told reporters that after the autumn harvest, many farmers will take advantage of this opportunity to seize the opportunity to recharge. The agricultural department will not only set up a number of expert teams, develop all kinds of learning courseware and hold a large number of training, but also start a variety of exchange activities in different places, so that more and more farmers can broaden their horizons, skilled skills and renew their ideas.