Standing Committee of the State Council: curbing excessive Price increases in some vegetable basket products
On November 6, Premier Li Keqiang presided over an executive meeting of the State Council to listen to reports on current agricultural work and called for consolidating the agricultural foundation, ensuring the supply of important agricultural products, and stabilizing prices. The meeting pointed out that the prices of some "vegetable baskets" have risen rapidly in the near future. It is necessary to ensure market supply, standardize market order, and curb the excessive rise in the prices of some products.
Wei Xin, a fresh products researcher at the CITIC Construction Investment Futures Agricultural products Division, said that at present, the prices of live pigs, eggs, white feather broilers, yellow feather broilers, and even upstream breeds such as chicken seedlings and piglets have all reached record highs.
China has resumed imports of Canadian pork, according to the latest news. At the same time, the General Administration of Customs and the Ministry of Agriculture and villages are studying the lifting of restrictions on the export of US poultry to China.
Multi-measures to restore pig production at the same time
The standing Committee of the State Council pointed out that since the beginning of this year, various localities and relevant departments have conscientiously implemented the arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, agricultural production has been generally stable, a bumper grain harvest for the whole year has become a foregone conclusion, and output will be stable at more than 1.3 trillion jin. Various measures to resume pig production are being implemented at a faster pace, and important agricultural products are developing steadily. However, recently, the prices of some "vegetable baskets" have risen rapidly, which has had an impact on the lives of the masses.
According to data from the Ministry of Agriculture and villages, as of 2: 00 p.m. on November 7, the average price of pork in the national agricultural wholesale market was 51.14 yuan / kg. The price is still high, thanks to a relative shortage of supply.
Affected by African swine fever, 409.78 million pigs were released in the first three quarters, a decrease of 86.01 million, or 17.3 percent, from the same period last year, according to the National Bureau of Statistics. At the end of September, the national stock of live pigs was 306.75 million, down 122.12 million from the same period last year, down 28.5 percent, and 40.86 million from the end of June, down 11.8 percent from the previous month.
Wei Xin told the 21st Century Business reporter that the number of fattening pigs and breeding sows has reached the bottom. Judging from the number of fattening pigs, they should remain relatively low before the Spring Festival. However, at present, a large number of commercial pigs into breeding sows, the number of breeding sows will increase.
"from the price of live pigs, the highest price is October 31 this year, the national average price of 41 yuan / kg. However, due to the relatively tight supply and the consumer market during the Spring Festival, pig prices are likely to break through this high between December and January next year. " Wei Xin said.
Liu Sikui, an agricultural analyst at Central Plains Futures, told the 21st century economic reporter that although the state has introduced various measures to restore pig production, it will still take a certain amount of time. It is expected that with the Spring Festival consumption pull again, pork prices are expected to continue to maintain a high rising trend.
"under normal circumstances, it takes 6-8 months to breed sows from conception, production, lactation, fattening to fattening, and another 3-4 months if you take into account the fillings of sows. It is expected to wait 10 months before supply improves, and the supply shortage is expected to continue into the middle of next year. " Liu Sikui said.
Rapid price increases for related meat and egg products
Not only the price of pork, but also the price of other meat and egg products is rising. Data from the Ministry of Agriculture and Village show that as of 2: 00 p.m. on November 7, white striped chickens were 21.08 yuan / kg and eggs 11.71 yuan / kg. The data on August 7 showed that the white striped chicken was 16.91 yuan / kg and the egg was 9.50 yuan / kg, up 24.66% and 23.26% respectively in the past three months.
Liu Sikui pointed out that the rise in pork prices, directly affected by meat protein-related agricultural products, directly led to varying degrees of increase in the price of chicken, duck, beef and mutton. At the same time, after the price rose to a certain extent, it also indirectly led to the rise of egg prices, egg prices rose from a low of 3.5 yuan / jin to 5.5 yuan / jin high, and in October showed a off-season rise in the off-season.
In this regard, the standing Committee of the State Council pointed out that it is necessary to properly implement the provincial overall responsibility and the "vegetable basket" mayor responsibility system, continue to take more measures to resume pig production, and thoroughly clean up the unreasonable prohibition regulations in various localities. We should make use of the conditions such as the bumper harvest of corn in the north to better ensure the feed supply in the big provinces of pigs in the south, give full play to the role of reserve regulation, promote the production of poultry, beef and mutton, ensure market supply, standardize market order, and curb the excessive rise in the prices of some products.
At the same time, all localities should comprehensively launch a linkage mechanism between social assistance and security standards and rising prices to ensure the basic livelihood of people in need.
Dong Dengxin, a professor at Wuhan University of Science and Technology, told reporters on the 21st century that rising agricultural prices will drive up the cost of living of ordinary people, especially for low-and middle-income people. China's social assistance and security standards have been raised with prices, but the rate of increase has not yet formed an indexation, automation, normalization of the adjustment mechanism.
In addition to curbing the rapid rise in the prices of some "vegetable basket" products, the standing Committee of the State Council pointed out that it is necessary to do a good job in grain production and resolutely put rice bowls in their own hands. The meeting decided on measures to promote the construction of high-standard farmland with the goal of improving grain production capacity.
Chen Nengchang, a researcher at the Guangdong Institute of Ecological Environment Technology, told the 21st century economic reporter that the so-called high standard farmland, That is, through land renovation and construction to form a centralized continuous piece, supporting facilities, high and stable yield, good ecology, strong disaster resistance, and adapt to the modern agricultural production and management mode.
The standing Committee of the State Council pointed out: first of all, we should give prominence to cultivated land protection, land productivity improvement, and efficient water-saving irrigation, so as to achieve the goal of building 1 billion mu of high-standard farmland by 2022, so as to stabilize and ensure grain production capacity of more than 1 trillion jin. Secondly, we should establish and improve the stable growth mechanism of farmland construction investment, and increase the support of land transfer income and local government bonds for high-standard farmland construction. Adopt a variety of ways to attract social forces to participate in the construction. Finally, the reasonable farming system of the combination of land and land is explored to ensure that the quantity and quality of high standard farmland do not decrease. (Chen Jie)