To strive for a more mature and stereotyped system in all aspects-- written on the occasion of the sixth Anniversary of the third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee
We will work hard to promote a more mature and stereotyped system in all aspects.
Written on the occasion of the sixth Anniversary of the third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee
Beijing, 8 Nov (Xinhua)-- on the occasion of the sixth anniversary of the third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee,
Xinhua News Agency reporters Huo Xiaoguang, Zhang Xiaosong, Luo Zhengguang and Wang Peng
The fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, which has just concluded, specially studied and made decisions on the major issue of "upholding and perfecting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity." For us to promote all aspects of the system more mature and more stereotyped clear timetable, road map.
Just six years ago, at the third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, our party first put forward the major proposition of "perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity," which began a new journey of deepening reform in an all-round way.
From the third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee to the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, over the past six years, the Chinese Communists have relayed forward. We are constantly moving towards the grand goal of modernizing the national governance system and governance capacity in an all-round way.
Over the past six years, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core has held high the banner of reform and opening up, devised strategies, taken charge of the overall situation, draconian measures, overcome difficulties, strict responsibility, and paid close attention to implementation, thus forming Xi Jinping's important idea of deepening reform in an all-round way. Set off a new era of reform and opening up of the spring river tide. At present, the 336 reform measures put forward by the third Plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee are advancing in a steady and orderly manner in accordance with the timetable and road map laid out by the CPC Central Committee.
Over the past six years, major breakthroughs have been made in the reform of the economic system, steady progress in the reform of the political system, continuous innovation and development in the reform of the cultural system, all-round reform of the social system, and accelerated reform of the ecological civilization system. Solid progress has been made in the reform of the party building system, important phased achievements have been made in the reform of the discipline inspection system, and historic breakthroughs have been made in the reform of national defense and the armed forces. The basic institutional system in the main areas has basically been formed, which has laid a solid foundation for promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.
In the past six years, we have deepened the reform in an all-round way and paid attention to solving the deep-seated obstacles of the system, overcoming the problem of institutional obstruction, starting with the reform of things around the common people, and implementing a large number of reforms that benefit the people's livelihood and prevent risks. A large number of reform tasks with great difficulty in tackling key problems have made breakthroughs, a large number of reform and innovation achievements have been established through legislation and systems, the masses' sense of acquisition has been continuously enhanced, the effectiveness of the reform has been continuously shown, and the systems in all aspects have become more mature and more stereotyped.
The determination is unprecedented, the strength is unprecedented, and the effect is unprecedented. Standing at a new historical starting point, the great significance of deepening reform in an all-round way has become more prominent.
Reflected in the overall design of the system to promote reform--
When the reform entered the deep water area, it involved so many problems, a wide range of fields and deep contradictions that it was unprecedented that it would not work piecemeal with several reform measures.
At the beginning of the launch of comprehensive deepening reform, General Secretary Xi Jinping marked a new height for the reform and opening up in this new era: "deepening reform in an all-round way is a major strategic plan related to the overall development of the cause of the party and the state. It is not a single reform in a particular area. " "there is a need to strengthen top-level design and overall planning, and to strengthen the relevance, systematicness and feasibility of the various reforms."
In terms of design concept, avoid "fragmentation". The reform of ecological civilization system abandons the old idea of controlling mountains, water and pollution against the sky, and constructs the "four beams and eight pillars" of the system from the top level design, so as to form a governance system of strict prevention from the source, strict management of the process and severe punishment of the consequences.
In terms of policy support, we should be good at fighting "combined boxing". The reform of rural land system, led by the reform of "separation of powers", launched many measures, such as rural land expropriation, collective construction land into the market, homestead system reform and so on, which once again released the great vitality of China's rural areas.
In the process of manipulating various reform measures, we also strive to "play the piano with ten fingers." The reform of the judicial responsibility system and the reform of the staffing system are linked to each other to ensure that "the legal network is restored and neglected." The distribution policy oriented by increasing the value of knowledge and the policies and measures to promote the transformation of scientific and technological achievements cooperate with each other to form a joint force and jointly point to the general goal of innovation-driven development.
Fully connected and coupled with each other, over the past six years, various reforms have been promoted in coordination and complement each other, and the "chemical reaction" of "1: 1 is greater than 2" has taken place continuously.
Reflected in the correct handling of the relationship between "breaking" and "standing"--
From the very beginning, it has been clear that "there is a direction, a position, and a principle" to set the overall goal and deepen the reform in an all-round way. As General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed, "our reform is a reform that continues to advance on the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We do not follow the old road of closure and rigidity, nor do we take the evil road of changing flags and changing flags."
Over the past six years, we must adhere to the fundamental yardstick of whether or not to adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.
To deepen the reform of the Party and state institutions, we give priority to strengthening the Party's leadership in all fields of work in all fields, deepen the reform of the market economic system, and unswervingly adhere to the dominant position of public ownership. To deepen the reform of the natural resources management system, we will never change the nature of the state and collective ownership of natural resources. On fundamental issues involving roads, theories, and systems, "those that should not be changed and those that cannot be changed are resolutely not to be changed."
At the same time, the reform of the household registration system has been firmly pushed forward, breaking the ice of cutting urban and rural areas into a dual world, the reform of the national tax and local tax collection and management system has been promoted in an all-round way, and the pattern of the separation of national tax and local tax for up to 24 years has officially become a history. The reform of national defense and the armed forces has achieved the overall revolutionary reshaping of national defense and the armed forces. For those systems and mechanisms that restrict the development of productive forces and restrict the improvement of the national governance system and governance capacity, "we resolutely change what should be changed and what can be changed."
Reflected in the benign interaction between reform and the rule of law--
Just like the wings of the bird and the two wheels of the car, reform is the propeller to modernize the national governance system and governance capacity, while the rule of law is the stabilizer matched with the reform, which complement each other and promote each other.
"all major reforms should be based on the law." the exploration and promotion of reform should be carried out within the framework of the rule of law. In 2018, in order to promote the reform of party and state institutions in accordance with the law, and to smoothly and orderly adjust the duties and work of administrative organs prescribed by law, the standing Committee of the National people's Congress and the State Council respectively made relevant decisions. The issues related to laws and regulations were clarified in a timely manner, and the General Office of the CPC Central Committee also carried out a special clean-up of inner-party laws and regulations and related documents related to the reform of party and state institutions, abolishing three and amending 35.
Where the pace of economic and social development goes, legislation should follow up. Laws and regulations that are incompatible with the reform should be adjusted and revised in a timely manner. Respond to the needs of the people, marriage, housing, privacy, contracts. From the formulation of the general principles of the civil law to the consideration of the drafts of the civil code, the era of the civil code is coming towards us. In response to social concerns, we should amend the environmental protection law and the air pollution prevention and control law, promulgate the soil pollution prevention and control law, solve the "heartache", and help win the battle to protect the blue sky, clear water and pure land.
The boat matches, gets the water and walks. The comprehensive deepening of reform and the comprehensive rule of law go hand in hand, and the grand blueprint for the construction of the rule of law is slowly unfolding, encouraging the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country to jointly build a China under the rule of law, which is full of vitality and brilliant achievements.
Reflected in the promotion of social equity and justice, the well-being of the people as the starting point and foothold-
"what the common people care about and expect, what reform should grasp and promote, and bring more sense of gain to the people through reform." To deepen reform in an all-round way is to take the promotion of social fairness and justice and the well-being of the people as the starting point and foothold.
The people have called for and reform has responded. The comprehensive two-child policy was implemented at the end of 2015, and more than 20 million "second children" were born in the following three years. The new personal income tax law is fully implemented, and the tax reduction for the whole of 2019 is expected to be 300 billion yuan. The education reform has been rammed continuously, and more than 92.7% of the counties in the country have achieved the basic balanced development of compulsory education. In the grand layout of the reform in the new era, the people's sense of acquisition is the gold content of the reform.
Reform is for the people, and reform depends on the people. Beijing "street township whistle, department check-in" reform, Zhejiang "at most once" reform, Fujian Sanming comprehensive medical reform. Over the past six years, we have deepened the reform in an all-round way and focused on stimulating the pioneering spirit of the people. In the light of their own situation, various localities have explored a series of practical and effective institutional measures, which have accumulated rich experience in promoting the national governance system and governance capacity. Many have been extended to the whole country.
The people are the basis for reform. In the process of deepening reform in an all-round way, the progress and value of the people themselves are blooming, and "everyone participates, everyone tries their best, and everyone shares" has become the greatest common divisor of the society.
It is reflected in paying close attention to the implementation of reform and transforming institutional advantages into governance efficiency.
The vitality of the system lies in the implementation. No matter how good the system design, if can not fall to the ground to take root will become a castle in the air; again good governance system, if it can not be transformed into governance efficiency will become a vase decoration.
Over the past six years, in order to transform the majestic blueprint for reform into reform practice in omni-directional governance, we have established a top-down and powerful leadership system for reform. For the first time, the CPC Central Committee set up a leading body dedicated to the reform work, the Central Deep Reform leading Group, and General Secretary Xi Jinping personally appointed its leader. From the Central Deep Reform leading Group to the Central Deep Reform Commission, it successively held 50 meetings, deliberated and adopted more than 500 reform documents. A total of more than 2000 reform programs have been launched. All localities and departments adhere to the "top leaders" to personally grasp the reform and ensure that the reform arrangements are implemented at all levels and advanced in an orderly manner.
In order to promote the broad masses of party members and cadres "as both promoters of reform and doers of reform," General Secretary Xi Jinping has taken the lead in planning, personally deploying, and personally promoting reform, and has always stressed that it is necessary to promote reform for a long time and do a good job. "implementation" has always been a high-frequency word in the news of the Central leading Group for Deep Reform and the meeting of the Central Commission for Deep Reform. All localities and departments adhere to "jump to the bottom", explore the fault-tolerant mechanism of reform, and create a strong atmosphere in which they want to reform, seek reform, and improve reform.
In order to ensure that the reform measures will really promote the improvement of the system and enhance the governance system and governance capacity, we have explored a variety of mechanisms for carrying out the work of reform inspectors and evaluation, and adhere to the principle of "where the reform is advanced, the inspectors will follow up." At the same time, we should pay attention to strengthening the reform evaluation work, sum up and popularize the formed experience in time, seriously study and solve the problems found, and concentrate on cleaning up the reform pilot work. A series of measures have focused on helping various reform arrangements to blossom and promote the continuous transformation of institutional progress into governance effectiveness.
History has opened a new page, and the pace of reform has never stopped.
We have gnawed a lot of hard bones, but there are still a lot of hard bones to gnaw, we have overcome a lot of difficulties, but there are still many difficulties to overcome, we must not stop, we must not have the idea of relieving or taking a break.
Proceeding from the strategic needs of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way, the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee made new arrangements for the cause of reform.
"to promote the deepening of reform in an all-round way, it is necessary to maintain the stability and continuity of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the system of national governance. We should also pay close attention to formulating the system of national governance and the system needed for the modernization of governance capacity, and the system necessary to meet the people's new expectations for a better life, so as to promote the continuous self-improvement and development of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and maintain vitality forever. "
At the same time, the plenum put forward more than 200 major measures, calling for a more prominent position of system-building and governance capacity-building, continue to deepen the reform of institutions and mechanisms in all fields, and promote a more mature and stereotyped system in all fields.
The horn sounded and the new voyage was just around the corner.
Based on the successful experience and broad consensus accumulated by deepening reform in an all-round way over the past six years, and taking advantage of the mighty east wind of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, the reform will set sail again!