Promote the high-quality development of SCO cooperation and build a closer SCO community with a shared future
On November 2, Premier Li Keqiang attended the 18th meeting of the Council of Prime Ministers of the SCO member states and put forward five suggestions on promoting SCO cooperation, pointing out the direction for the high-quality development of SCO cooperation.
In the 18 years since its establishment, the SCO has always maintained a good momentum of development, achieved fruitful results in cooperation in the fields of security, economy and humanities, and played an important role in promoting security and prosperity in the Eurasian region.
At present, the international situation is undergoing complex and profound changes, opportunities and challenges coexist, and the SCO has entered a critical period of great development from the past to the future. For a long time, China has played a pioneering and constructive and unique role in the SCO. The concept and model of China's economic development have been widely recognized, and the "Belt and Road Initiative" initiative has received a positive response from most of its members.
Yao Shumei, a researcher at the Institute of Foreign Economics at the China Macroeconomic Research Institute, believes that standing at a new historical starting point, only by complying with the development trend of the times and striving to move in the direction of high-quality development can the SCO continue to renew its vitality. To become a model of unity and mutual trust, shared responsibility for security, mutual benefit and mutual learning, and to build a closer community with a shared future.
The following is an analysis and interpretation of Yao Shumei:
SCO brings new ideas and new connotations to global governance
At present, the SCO has eight member states, including China, India, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, as well as four observer states and six dialogue partners. It has formed 28 mechanisms, such as politics, security, economy and trade, humanities, and so on. The SCO has four outstanding characteristics:
First, uphold the "Shanghai spirit", that is, mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for diverse civilizations, and seek common development, which is highly consistent with the "community with a shared future for mankind" put forward by China.
Second, we should follow the principle of "consensus" and safeguard the interests of all countries on an equal footing.
Third, we should practice the concept of openness and cooperation, promote the opening up and development of the regional economy, and actively establish contacts with the United Nations system, ASEAN organizations, some CIS countries and other international organizations.
Fourth, we should adhere to three-wheel drive and promote the steady development of regional cooperation by relying on the three pillars of political security, economic and trade cooperation, and people-to-people exchanges.
After 18 years of development, the SCO has become one of the most vital and influential international cooperation mechanisms in global governance. Its governance concept and cooperation model provide a useful reference for the improvement of global governance.
Echoing the construction of "Belt and Road Initiative", SCO has made remarkable achievements in cooperation in various fields.
Political security. In recent years, with the rise of regional hot issues, extremism, terrorism and other non-traditional security threats, the SCO has played an escort role in safeguarding regional security and stability and jointly seeking economic prosperity. It also provides a security platform for our country to promote the construction of "Belt and Road Initiative".
Economic and trade cooperation. Driven by the construction of "Belt and Road Initiative," intra-regional trade has grown rapidly. In 2018, the total volume of import and export trade between China and the other seven member countries increased by 17.2% compared with the same period last year. At that time, China was the largest trading partner of India, Pakistan, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, the second largest trading partner of Kazakhstan and the third largest trading partner of Tajikistan. The overall economic strength of member countries has increased, accounting for 21.6% of the total economic output of the eight member countries at exchange rates in 2018.
All members have actively linked their national development strategies with the construction of "Belt and Road Initiative." For example, Kazakhstan's "bright road" new economic policy, Uzbekistan's five priority development areas action strategy for 2017-2021, Tajikistan's development strategy for 2030, and so on.
Positive progress has been made in regional facilities connectivity and production capacity cooperation. China has provided a large number of preferential loans and industrial investment to member countries, which has promoted local economic development and the improvement of people's livelihood. It also lays a solid foundation for China to promote the formation of an open pattern of linkage at home and abroad and mutual aid between the east and the west.
People-to-people exchanges. The SCO covers a large area of Eurasia, which is the birthplace of various civilizations and has had continuous exchanges of civilizations for a long time. With the vigorous promotion of the SCO, the member states have continuously promoted cooperation in the fields of education, science and technology, culture, tourism, health, disaster reduction, and the media. Cultural festivals, art festivals, youth festivals, television cooperation forums, cultural workshops and other exchange activities are splendid, and the foundation of public opinion for friendly cooperation in the region has been continuously consolidated.
Grasp the five key points to promote the High quality Development of SCO Cooperation
First, we will strengthen the building of a security cooperation mechanism. Strengthening regional peace, security and stability is a priority task for SCO member states. It is necessary to continue to strengthen the building of regional anti-terrorist bodies, actively study the establishment of an anti-drug coordination mechanism of the Organization, and jointly take de-radicalization measures. We will strive to create an atmosphere of trust, stability and predictability, maintain regional security and stability, and create a good external environment for the realization of economic and social development.
Second, we will promote the high-quality development of "Belt and Road Initiative." We will carry out high-quality policy communication, continue to strengthen the joint building of the "Belt and Road Initiative" initiative with the regional cooperation initiative and the development strategies of various countries, speed up consultations and resolve policies, rules, standards, and other issues that affect connectivity, and simplify customs formalities. Remove administrative barriers.
We will build convenient and accessible transportation and logistics networks, strive to make new breakthroughs in the construction of transportation, energy, information and communications networks in the region, and encourage the establishment of multimodal transport channels and international multimodal transport logistics centers. We will promote omni-directional, multi-level and high-level connectivity. We will promote intra-regional trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, promote the deep integration of industrial chains, supply chains and value chains, jointly create a fair, fair and transparent business environment, and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of foreign investors.
We will actively make use of the pluralistic cooperative investment and financing mechanism in the region to explore the feasible plan for the establishment of the SCO Development Bank, so as to provide reliable financial support for regional connectivity projects. We will persist in putting people first, promote inclusive development and improve people's livelihood, strengthen people-to-people exchanges and learn from each other, so that the results of cooperation can better benefit the people of the countries in the region.
Third, deepen cooperation in production capacity. Most of the SCO members are in the early stage of industrialization, and their economic development is highly dependent on primary products such as energy and mineral resources.
At present, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and the economy has turned to a stage of high-quality development, which has a comparative advantage of complementary production capacity with SCO members. China encourages high-quality enterprises to actively participate in regional industrialization, carry out efficient and environmentally friendly energy and resources deep processing and agricultural production capacity cooperation, and optimize the distribution of industrial division of labor in various countries, which is an important starting point for achieving two-way, multi-party and win-win results.
Fourth, cultivate the bright spot of innovation. We will strengthen cooperation in e-commerce and digital economy and make good use of the "Internet +" platform. Increase investment in scientific and technological R & D and innovation, through the joint construction of "Technology transfer Center of SCO member States", "SCO Youth Entrepreneurship International Incubator" project, academic forum, technical training, etc., We will promote the sharing of scientific and technological information and the transformation and application of innovative achievements, create new economic growth points, raise the level of the industrial chain and value chain, and promote industrial transformation and upgrading. (Yao Shumei, researcher, Institute of Foreign Economics, Chinese Academy of Macroeconomic Research)