Exclusive interview: BRICS Cooperation focuses on "innovative Future"-- an interview with Brazilian international relations scholar Santoro
Xinhua News Agency, Rio de Janeiro, November 9, by special interview: BRICS cooperation focuses on "innovating the future"-- an interview with Brazilian international relations scholar Santoro
Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhao Yan Chen Weihua
"Economic growth for an innovative future" is the theme of the upcoming 11th BRICS leaders' meeting. In response to this, Maurizio Santoro, chairman of the Department of International Relations at Rio de Janeiro State University in Brazil, said in an exclusive interview with Xinhua reporters a few days ago. Strengthening cooperation in scientific and technological innovation and promoting cooperation in the field of digital economy are the two main topics of the BRICS summit, reflecting that "the BRICS cooperation mechanism in the new period conforms to the trend of the new industrial revolution."
Santoro said the BRICS mechanism is important for Brazil's foreign policy. In the new international situation, boosting the economy, ensuring public safety and cracking down on organized crime are issues of concern to many countries, and scientific and technological innovation not only contributes to all fields, but also an important support for world economic growth.
"for Brazil, cooperation in science and technology has long been on the agenda," Santoro said. Since the 1980s, Brazil and China have signed a project to jointly develop and launch earth resources satellites. A number of China-Brazil earth resources satellites jointly developed by the two sides have been successfully launched, and the newly jointly developed 04A satellite is expected to be launched by the end of this year. This project is recognized as a model of 'South-South cooperation'. "
"in the 21st century, with the development of information technology, scientific and technological innovation is becoming more and more important. Among the BRICS countries, China and India have great advantages in Internet technology and artificial intelligence, such as China's leading 5G technology. For Brazil and other developing countries, this can be a key factor in promoting economic growth. " Said Santoro.
Santoro said that BRICS cooperation in various fields is often intertwined. It can reflect the role of scientific and technological innovation in many aspects, such as security, agriculture, infrastructure construction and so on. For this reason, Brazil hopes to formally launch the "innovative BRICS" network (iBRICS) during its rotating presidency. The network was discussed by BRICS representatives at a number of meetings prior to the BRICS summit.
In September this year, the BRICS Science and Technology Innovation Ministers meeting held in Campinas, Brazil, adopted the BRICS Science and Technology Innovation work Plan (2019-2022), which specifically discussed the BRICS network. This network will serve as a mechanism for direct dialogue among BRICS countries in the area of innovation, promoting BRICS countries to support each other, jointly complete relevant projects and share successful practical experiences in this area.
Brazilian Foreign Minister Araujo has proposed that the "innovative BRICS" network could be used to jointly deal with terrorism and international organized crime. In response, Santoro said, for example, face recognition technology can be used in security systems.
In agriculture, scientific and technological innovation has also made great achievements. Santoro said that the BRICS countries are highly complementary in terms of agricultural resources, the level of industrial development, and the pattern of market demand, and that the use of scientific and technological means to strengthen industry communication and facilitate trade processes can promote win-win results.
Santoro said that at the meeting of BRICS agriculture ministers this year, all parties said that they would use agricultural science and technology startups to increase the volume of international trade and ensure food security in developing countries. "the development of sustainable agriculture and ecological agriculture can use science and technology to reduce costs and improve production efficiency, such as precision irrigation, digital agriculture, biotechnology, nanotechnology, etc."
Santoro said: "the BRICS network of innovation, including training, cooperation in science and technology parks, incubators and accelerators, can facilitate the entry of high-tech enterprises into the BRICS countries and will become a new tool for cooperation among developing countries in the new era. It will be of great help to the transformation and upgrading of the BRICS economies. "