The Prospect of the three main points of BRICS Summit in Brasilia
Xinhua News Agency, Brasilia, November 9, by wire (International Watch) the prospect of the three main points of the BRICS Summit in Brasilia
Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhou Xingzhu
The 11th meeting of BRICS leaders will be held in Brasilia, Brazil. The theme of the meeting is "Economic growth for an innovative future." the main topics of the meeting include strengthening cooperation in scientific and technological innovation, promoting cooperation in the digital economy, and cracking down on organized crime.
Analysts believe that at a time when global trade protectionism and unilateralism are heating up, How the BRICS countries focus on innovation to promote economic growth, how to continue to promote multilateralism, and how to better build the second "golden decade" of BRICS cooperation will be the main highlights of this summit.
Focus on cooperation in scientific and technological innovation
In today's world, the significance of scientific and technological progress to economic development is self-evident. As president, Brazil has focused the theme of this year's BRICS summit on cooperation in science, technology and innovation.
Brazilian political scientist Cleomar de Sosa believes that strengthening scientific and technological cooperation among the BRICS countries is a major demand for Brazil. Brazil's development of the digital economy, the construction of a digital government, the fight against crimes and the promotion of economic development all depend on scientific and technological progress and innovation.
Arjemiro Procopio, professor of international relations at the University of Brasilia, said that the BRICS countries have their own scientific and technological strengths, such as South Africa's advanced mining technology and Brazil's agricultural technology. Compared with other member countries such as China, Brazil has a need to learn from each other in areas such as high and new technology.
Zhou Zhiwei, a researcher at the Institute of Latin American Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and executive director of the Brazilian Research Center, said that the theme of this year's BRICS summit is very different from previous years, and is not just aimed at strengthening economic and trade cooperation. The theme of the meeting was innovation, reflecting the Brazilian government's determination to raise the scientific and technological content of the industry and promote economic reform.
Zhou Zhiwei said that in the areas of digital economy, scientific and technological innovation, and so on, the BRICS countries may strengthen the construction of relevant cooperation mechanisms through this summit.
Drum up and call for multilateralism
At a time when the international community is facing the rise of trade protectionism and unilateralism, analysts believe that the BRICS countries, as a cooperation mechanism among a number of emerging economies, will continue to speak for multilateralism.
Mr Procopio said the BRICS countries did not come together because of geographical proximity, a mechanism that transcended continental boundaries and was an important manifestation of multilateralism. BRICS members should be aware of the importance of this mechanism.
At the beginning of this year, the new Brazilian government came to power. How Brazil will advance BRICS cooperation has attracted much attention. De Sosa said that through the meeting, the new Brazilian government will demonstrate to the world its determination to promote the development of the BRICS mechanism and safeguard multilateralism. He stressed that on the issue of multilateralism, BRICS countries can abandon political and ideological differences and bring them closer to each other through more pragmatic economic and trade cooperation.
Zhou Zhiwei pointed out: at present, multilateralism faces many challenges, and deepening cooperation among BRICS countries is injecting momentum into multilateralism. The BRICS countries are typical platforms for multilateral cooperation, and the five countries have a strong willingness to cooperate, which shows that multilateralism has strong vitality.
Create the second "Golden decade"
In June 2009, BRICS leaders held their first formal meeting in Russia, and the BRICS cooperation mechanism was officially launched. With the formal accession of South Africa in December 2010, the BRICS cooperation mechanism has changed from "BRICS" to "BRICS". Over the past decade, the BRICS cooperation mechanism has been continuously improved, the momentum of cooperation has been rising, and communication and coordination in major international affairs have been continuously strengthened. It has become an important force in driving world economic growth, improving global economic governance, and promoting the democratization of international relations. Over the next decade, how BRICS will work together to create a second "golden decade" has attracted a lot of attention.
Procopio said that in the future, BRICS member countries can strengthen exchanges in the fields of international security, environmental protection, culture and education, make a common voice in the United Nations and other important international organizations, and strive to have more voice on the international stage. In addition, the BRICS countries should actively implement the outcome of the meeting, establish a longer-term plan and set up more specific projects, so as to promote the continued development of the mechanism.
Zhou Zhiwei believes that after a decade of development, the BRICS countries have become not only an economic concept, but also of international political significance. The rising economic strength of the BRICS countries has also increased the voice of the emerging countries represented by them in global affairs, which has helped to promote a fairer, just and democratic system of global governance.
Zhou Zhiwei said: the changes in the BRICS countries in recent years actually reflect changes in the global situation. In the great changes that have not taken place in a hundred years, "the BRICS countries will become an important force in the global political and economic structure."