Balancing Urban and Rural Development and promoting the well-being of the people-- focusing on upholding and perfecting the people's livelihood guarantee system to implement the Spirit of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee
Beijing, 13 Nov (Xinhua)-- all localities focused on upholding and improving the people's livelihood security system to implement the spirit of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee.
Xinhua News Agency reporter
The fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee proposed to adhere to and improve the overall planning of the people's livelihood security system in urban and rural areas to meet the growing needs of the people for a better life.
Over the past few days, around the key links in the work of ensuring people's livelihood, various localities have deeply studied and implemented the spirit of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, and worked hard to make the results of reform and development more and more equitable for all the people.
Overall planning of urban and rural development, balanced allocation of resources and full coverage of policies to promote the benefit of the people
The fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee pointed out that it is necessary to improve the national basic public service system in the following aspects: education for the young, education for learning, income from work, medical care for the sick, security for the elderly, housing for the elderly, support for the weak, and so on.
In the face of the issue of how to co-ordinate urban and rural development and weave the largest livelihood security network in the world, various localities have carried out fruitful exploration according to their own characteristics.
Urban schools are overcrowded and rural schools are crowded, which is a major problem in compulsory education in many places in our country. Can be located in the northeast of Jiangxi Yiyang County, parents no longer close to far to let their children study in the city, a large number of rural students "return", urban schools comprehensive "slimming", the gap between urban and rural schools is narrowing.
The measures taken by Yiyang County to promote the integrated development of urban and rural compulsory education, such as tilting school construction funds to rural areas and improving the level of rural school teachers, are the epitome of the adjustment of network layout and balanced allocation of high-quality educational resources in various parts of Jiangxi Province.
"the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee specifically proposed to 'promote the integrated development of urban and rural compulsory education, improve the guarantee mechanism for preschool education, special education, and popularize high school education.'" Ye Rensun, secretary of the Jiangxi Provincial Education work Committee and director of the Provincial Department of Education, said: in combination with studying and implementing the spirit of the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, Jiangxi will speed up the establishment of a preschool education system and a scientific education system that covers urban and rural areas and has a reasonable layout. We will deepen the implementation of projects to improve the weak links and capabilities of compulsory education, care for and support special education, and comprehensively implement the plan to popularize and combat key problems in senior high school education, so that every child can enjoy fair and high-quality education.
Liu Meilin, a 67-year-old citizen of Hohhot, is seeking medical treatment in other places at the Administrative Service Hall of Inner Mongolia Autonomous region. She handed over the social security card, medical record form and other materials to the staff, and a few minutes later she completed the record registration. To make it easier for her, the staff also helped her download an online client on her mobile phone. "Auntie, you can operate on your cell phone in the future. You don't have to come to the lobby."
Inner Mongolia started the settlement of medical treatment in different places in 2015, and promoted the direct settlement of hospitalization expenses in different places across provinces in 2017. Up to now, the cross-provincial direct settlement rate of medical treatment in different places ranks second in the country.
Han Liping, head of the medical insurance platform of the Medical Insurance Administration of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous region, said: "in accordance with the requirements put forward by the fourth Plenary session of the fourth CPC Central Committee, such as speeding up the implementation of the social security transfer and settlement system, Next year, our work will continue to focus on simplifying the management process, improving the level of security, and bringing the exploration of outpatient medical expenses into the scope of direct settlement for medical treatment in different provinces and places. "
Weave a tight pocket to keep people's livelihood at the bottom of the net and get rid of poverty and become rich.
Weaving a tight pocket at the bottom of the basic people's livelihood network is not only related to the people's sense of acquisition and happiness, but also highlights the livelihood temperature of a country.
Zha Yuliang, 38, from Tongdu Street, Dongchuan District, Kunming, Yunnan Province, once made a living by taking part-time jobs. But in 2016, by chance, he signed up for a vocational skills training course organized by the local community department, learned the skills of electric welders, and became a welder, with a monthly income of more than 7000 yuan, up from 2000 yuan in the past. "the family not only lost the hat of the 'poor', but also saved money."
According to the statistics of the Department of Human Resources and Social Security of Yunnan Province, as of September this year, 44800 public welfare posts had been developed in Yunnan Province. Wu Xiaoli, director of the Employment Promotion and Peasant Workers work Department of the Yunnan Provincial Department of Human Resources and Social Security, said that next, Yunnan will "resolutely prevent and correct employment discrimination" as proposed by the fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee. "creating a fair employment system environment" requires the establishment of a four-level public employment service network at the state, county, township and community levels, and the unification of the employment and unemployment registration process and the materials needed to ensure that workers enjoy basic public employment services on an equal footing.
"the fourth Plenary session of the CPC Central Committee stressed the need to 'consolidate the achievements of fighting poverty." although Shizhu County has been lifted out of poverty, there are still the hard bones of one deep poverty township and 15 deep poverty villages. We must guard against blind optimism and laziness. We will further consolidate and enhance the quality and effectiveness of poverty alleviation. " He Dehua, director of the Poverty Alleviation Office in Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County, Chongqing, said.
In recent years, in order to continuously enhance the "hematopoietic" function of industrial poverty alleviation, Shizhu County, located in the depths of Wuling Mountain area, through the development of traditional Chinese medicine, condiment and organic vegetable industry, led to a sustained increase in income of poor households, stable out of poverty, and the incidence of poverty decreased significantly.
"the fourth Plenary session of the CPC Central Committee proposed to 'establish a long-term mechanism to solve relative poverty.' we should improve the anti-poverty insurance guarantee mechanism and target two types of key groups facing poverty, namely, rural low-income households on the edge of poverty and households who are not sustained and stable out of poverty. We will solve the problem of reducing and increasing the number of the poor. " He Dehua said.
In Ningxia, in order to win the battle to get rid of poverty, consolidate the achievements of getting rid of poverty, and establish a long-term mechanism, Guyuan City, Ningxia, focused on the goal of "two do not worry about three guarantees" to carry out a "look back," one household to investigate the problem, one family to find out the actual situation. Separate people and households to ensure that the results of poverty alleviation are excellent; At the same time, we will link up the fight against poverty and rural revitalization, and strive to change Guyuan from a "label of poverty" to a "model for getting rid of poverty."
In Tibet, through efforts, the number of people living in poverty caused by illness and returning to poverty due to illness has dropped from 63394 in 2016 to 7086 at present, contributing to the struggle against poverty in various counties in Tibet. GE Sang Yuzhen, director of the Health and Health Commission of the Tibet Autonomous region, said: in the next step, efforts will be made to solve the outstanding problem of ensuring basic medical care, and efforts will be made to achieve the goal of "having a place to see a doctor, a doctor to see a doctor, and a medical insurance system to guarantee medical treatment."
Innovating the way of providing Public Services to meet the Multi-level and diverse needs of the people
The fourth Plenary session of the CPC Central Committee proposed to innovate the provision of public services, encourage and support social forces to set up public welfare undertakings, and meet the diversified needs of the people at various levels.
From the formation of a "four-in-one" preschool curriculum system of games, study, life and sports in kindergartens in Shanghai, to the Innovation and Entrepreneurship Park of Harbin University of Technology, Then to Lanzhou Chengguan District, Gansu Province to build a virtual nursing home to provide life care, medical care and other diversified services, innovative mechanisms, focus on people's livelihood, and strive to make the results of reform and development more equitable to benefit all the people.
Huang Zhaoming, a 56-year-old citizen of Yiyang in Hunan province, was recently fascinated by the fact that the community school on his doorstep gave him a strong interest in the non-legacy craftsmanship of ceramics and bamboo art, and even made up his own bamboo art.
Now in Hunan, the public service system of community education at the four levels of community college, community college, community school and community education center has been basically completed, and the Hunan life-long education project management system "Huxiang Learning Square" has been officially launched. It has become the gateway of life-long education in Hunan Province.
Yu Weiliang, director of the Vocational Department of the Hunan Provincial Department of Education, said that around the request put forward by the fourth Plenary session of the CPC Central Committee to "build an education system that serves the life-long learning of the whole people." The next step also needs to make efforts to expand the participation of life-long education, enhance the effectiveness of life-long education, increase the support of life-long education, and further improve the public service system of life-long education.
"Registration, medical treatment, inspection, payment, drug collection, with the 'health QR code' in the mobile phone swept, all done, no longer left-handed case book, right-handed test sheet, see a doctor in a hurry." Recently, Li Xiaoyi, a pregnant woman in Changchun who took a drip in Jilin Maternal and Child Health Hospital, experienced the convenience of "scanning the code for medical treatment."
Promoting the real-name system for medical treatment and "Internet + medical and health" to facilitate the people and benefit the people is an innovative measure for the convenience of the health department of Jilin Province. Through the implementation of a unified standard electronic resident health card, residents can achieve a code registration in provincial hospitals, self-expense and medical insurance fund reimbursement convenient payment, as well as the whole life cycle of electronic health records.
Wen Rixuan, director of the Department of system Reform of the Jilin Provincial Health and Health Commission, said: in accordance with the relevant requirements decided by the fourth Plenary session of the CPC Central Committee, we will persist in paying attention to the whole life cycle and the whole process of health, and improve the national health policy. Through the establishment of the five basic medical and health systems, we will gradually break through the service barriers and obstacles in the whole life cycle of each citizen, such as prevention, health care, medical treatment, treatment, pension, and so on, so that more people can feel the whole process of health and quality services.