Caring for "small Sugar Man": adolescent Diabetes patients need Daily Scientific "Monitoring" by their parents
Xinhua News Agency, Hefei, November 13 (Reporter Bao Xiaojing) "Type I diabetes has become one of the diseases that seriously threaten the health of young adults and children." Professor Weng Jianping, director of the Intelligent Management and big data Center for Type I Diabetes in China and vice president of the first Hospital of the University of Science and Technology of China, pointed out that epidemiological studies have shown that the incidence of diabetes among adolescents in China is on the rise. Among them, the incidence of type 1 diabetes is more obvious in adolescents, and the patients with juvenile diabetes need daily scientific "monitoring" by their parents.
Most of the diabetes mellitus in adolescents is type I diabetes, which is caused by the destruction of islet β-cell function caused by autoimmunity and the absolute lack of insulin secretion. The disease is urgent and serious. If not treated in time, it will be life-threatening. With the change of social environment and lifestyle, the number of obese children and adolescents is increasing year by year, and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents is also increasing.
From 2013 to 2017, under the leadership of Weng Jianping, many experts jointly carried out a study on the registration management of type 1 diabetes patients in the whole population of China, covering 10% of the population and 505 hospitals in 7 administrative regions of the 13 study regions. Through a multicenter observational study, we found out the incidence of type 1 diabetes in the whole population of China: the incidence of type 1 diabetes in the whole age group of China was 1.01 / 100000. Based on this, it is estimated that there are about 500000 patients with type 1 diabetes in China. Compared with the large group of patients with type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes appears to be a "minority". Type 1 diabetes is prone to occur in children and adolescents, affecting the future of national health.
"at the time of diagnosis, the proportion of acute complications was high, and the incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis was as high as 40% within half a year." Weng Jianping said.
"Adolescent diabetes symptoms are always hard to detect at first, and when we do, we miss the best treatment time." Zhang Qiu, chief physician of the Endocrinology Department of the first affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, said that the main symptoms of adolescent diabetes are "three more and one less." "three more" means eating more, drinking more, and peeing more. At the same time, there is "one less", that is, weight and physical loss. Because young children can not accurately express their physical discomfort, parents need to pay attention to observe the changes of children's behavior and signs. Parents should be vigilant, and when the above situation occurs, they must see a doctor in a timely manner.
Experts remind that children with diabetes should pay great attention to diet, not only to supplement the amount of sugar needed for physical development, but also to strictly control the intake of excess sugar. Children with type 1 diabetes are lack of insulin and can only be supplemented by daily subcutaneous injection of insulin (or insulin pump), as well as blood glucose monitoring and diet planning. Hypoglycemia is a common acute complication in patients with diabetes. If not treated in time, life may be in danger. Playful love is the nature of teenagers, for teenagers with diabetes, to avoid strenuous exercise or long-term exercise. Parents of children must pay close attention to the physical condition of their children to avoid situations that may cause hypoglycemia. When the child is out alone, he or she should carry candy with him for reserve.