The lesson of Xiangshui "3.21" accident is extremely profound, and the chemical park should bid farewell to barbaric growth.
The field of chemical industry in China is experiencing a "great earthquake" of innovation. Since the "March 21" explosion in Xiangshui, Jiangsu Province, relevant ministries and commissions have issued new regulations one after another. Jiangsu, Henan, Shandong, Jiangxi and other provinces have also severely cracked down on the chemical industry and reduced the size of chemical parks.
Just today, Premier Li Keqiang presided over an executive meeting of the State Council to hear a report on the investigation of the "March 21" special major explosion accident and a briefing on the investigation and investigation of responsibility in Jiangsu Xiangshui Tianjiayi Chemical Co., Ltd. Deployment to carry out special rectification of issues such as production safety, especially the production management of hazardous chemicals.
The meeting pointed out that on March 21, a particularly major explosion accident occurred in Jiangsu Xiangshui Tianjiayi Chemical Co., Ltd., resulting in heavy casualties and property losses, with very serious consequences. The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attached great importance to it and made arrangements for emergency rescue, treatment of the wounded, investigation and disposal of accidents, and so on. The investigation team finally determined that this was a particularly serious accident of responsibility for production safety. Exposed the relevant localities and departments to implement the responsibility of production safety is not in place, the management of business and safety is out of line, the fight against illegal acts is not effective and the main responsibility of enterprises is not implemented, violations of laws and regulations, lack of integrity and other outstanding problems. The lesson is extremely profound. All those responsible for direct responsibility, supervision responsibility, leadership responsibility, and so on should be seriously punished and punished in accordance with the law and discipline. The report of the accident investigation and the results of the handling of the responsible persons shall be made public in a timely manner.
The meeting deployed the Office of the work Safety Committee of the State Council and the Ministry of Emergency Management, in conjunction with relevant departments, to organize forces to carry out special rectification and strengthen supervision in accordance with the laws and regulations on production safety, especially the production management of hazardous chemicals, in Jiangsu Province. Make sure it works. At the same time, special supervision and inspection on the safety of hazardous chemicals should be carried out throughout the country, and all localities should strictly carry out self-inspection and self-correction, and effectively eliminate hidden dangers in production, storage, transportation, waste disposal, and so on.
The meeting stressed that production safety is more important than Mount Tai. Security is the foundation of development and cannot be relaxed for a moment. It is necessary to always adhere to safety first and compact the responsibility for production safety. It is necessary to draw lessons from this tragic accident, cite three examples, speed up the establishment of a long-term mechanism, make efforts on a strong foundation and a solid foundation, and make efforts to implement the responsibility for every link of safety standards and regulations. We will improve regulatory cooperation and joint law enforcement mechanisms involving relevant departments related to the safety of hazardous chemicals, speed up the formulation and revision of relevant laws and regulations, and increase penalties for subjective intentional violations that lead to major accidents. It is necessary to adhere to the new concept of development, curb the phenomenon of blind and disorderly and illegal development, and promote the upgrading of the industry and raise the level of development.
According to statistics from a previous national survey conducted by the China Federation of Petroleum and Chemical Industries, by the end of 2018, there were 676 key chemical parks or industrial parks dominated by petroleum and chemical industries. Among them, there are 57 state-level chemical parks (including economic and technological development zones, high-tech zones), 351 provincial chemical parks and 268 prefectural and municipal chemical parks.
"the chemical park has become an important carrier for the transformation of the development mode of China's petroleum and chemical industry and the realization of high-quality development." At the "2019 China Chemical Industry Sustainable Development Conference" held by the China Federation of Petroleum and Chemical Industries today (13), Fu Xiangsheng, vice president of the China Federation of Petroleum and Chemical Industries, said.
"there are three major problems in the safety management of chemical parks in China." Yang Ting, secretary-general of the working Committee of the Chemical Park of the China Federation of Petroleum and Chemical Industries, said that the chemical park lacks scientific planning and rational layout, and some areas have blindly set up chemical parks without the conditions and capabilities for safety management. The entrance control of the park project is not strict, the problem of risk superposition in the area is prominent, the security risk control is missing, and the hidden danger investigation and management is not in place.
"We have done a survey on a chemical enterprise and found that the highest degree in the chemical workshop of this enterprise is junior high school." Yang Ting said, "everyone knows that chemistry class starts in the third year of junior high school." This shows that the front-line operators in this chemical enterprise basically have no basic knowledge of chemistry. "
"in some places, the number of chemical parks has shrunk from more than 200 at the most, to more than 100, and finally to dozens, so they have to go to the point of 'curettage and treatment'. It can be seen how barbaric these local chemical parks grew in the first place. " Yang Ting said.
Pan Xuhai also said that at present, the domestic management and control of the chemical industry is still relatively passive, "emphasis on qualitative judgment, light quantitative analysis technology; emphasis on emergency treatment, light prediction and prevention technology; the design and control model is simple, but the core equipment and technology are backward; Technical standards are backward and lack of theoretical support. "
"if you look back at the chemical accidents that have occurred in recent years, each chemical accident has had a very bad impact on the public and has seriously affected the sustainable development of the industry." Wang Sanming, a national production safety expert and founder of Anyuan Science and Technology, said.
Xiangshui Tianjiayi Chemical Co., Ltd. "3.12" especially serious dangerous chemical fire and explosion accident, self-examination and self-correction has been carried out.
Jiangsu Province quickly issued the "Chemical Industry Safety and Environmental Protection improvement Plan", which requires "obvious regional layout optimization" and "significant reduction of low-end production capacity".
The plan makes it clear that chemical production enterprises with outstanding risks and substandard safety and environmental protection should be closed down, and chemical enterprises or production plants with backward processes and technologies listed in the national phase-out catalogue should be banned or closed within a time limit. We will speed up the withdrawal or transformation of general chemical production and processing capacity from overcapacity and sluggish market, eliminate chemical parks (concentration areas) with poor safety and environmental protection infrastructure and inadequate management, and significantly reduce low-end backward chemical production capacity.
Jiangsu Province is a major province of China's chemical industry, the annual income of the chemical industry exceeds 2 trillion yuan, ranking second in the country. There are more than 6000 chemical enterprises and 53 chemical parks in the province. At the beginning of this year, Jiangsu Province proposed that by the end of 2020, the number of chemical production enterprises in the province could be reduced to 2000, and by 2022, the number of chemical production enterprises in the province would not exceed 1000.
In Shandong Province, 65 chemical parks and 7 specialized chemical parks have been identified in three batches since last year. 6094 enterprises participated in the "three ratings and one evaluation", and more than 1500 enterprises were shut down.
Yang Ting said: in recent years, the relevant state departments have clarified the relevant policies of the chemical park, and the overall requirement is that all the new refining and chemical projects will enter the petrochemical base, and all the new chemical projects will enter the chemical park. To form a number of internationally competitive large enterprise groups and chemical parks.
In August this year, the Ministry of Emergency Management issued the guidelines for the investigation and Management of Safety risks in Chemical Industry Parks (for trial implementation) and the guidelines for the investigation and Control of Hidden risks in Hazardous Chemicals Enterprises. It is required that the chemical park should build safety supervision and emergency rescue information platform, build basic information database and risk hidden danger database.
"in the future, the chemical park will not only build an on-line monitoring system for major hazard sources, but also a map of enterprise risk, early warning analysis report and emergency rescue auxiliary system." Yang Ting said that in the future, the chemical park will also establish an efficient supervision and service capacity center, which can be composed of management committees, enterprises, and third-party companies to provide enterprises with services in the form of training, tutoring, consulting, and professional supervision.
Wang Sanming believes that there are many risk factors in the chemical park, including not only the safety risk of a single enterprise, but also the public risk, fire risk, social risk, industrial risk, natural risk, traffic risk and environmental risk. The risk management and control platform of chemical park should be more intelligent in risk assessment, more accurate in enterprise service, more standardized in institutional service, more efficient in government supervision, more effective in insurance company and more scientific in emergency management.