China is taking action to optimize the business environment
At the second China International Import Expo opening ceremony, President Xi Jinping proposed that "continue to optimize the business environment."China will continue to improve the market-oriented, legalized, and international business environment, and relax market access for foreign investors." Continue to reduce the negative list and improve investment promotion and protection, information reporting and other systems.
Business environment is the soil for the survival and development of enterprises, and it is an important factor that affects the vitality, rise and fall of the main body of the market. Recently, the Global Business Environment report 2020 released by the World Bank shows that China's global ranking of business environment has improved by 15 places. With the continuous improvement of the business environment, it is becoming easier and easier to do business in China, and enterprises have more room for "exertion" and broader prospects for development. Under the action of a series of measures to optimize the business environment, China's economy has shown greater resilience and market vitality, and the quality of development has continued to improve.
1. Solving the "growth trouble" of Private and small and Micro Enterprises
According to the Global Business Environment report 2020 released by the World Bank, China's global ranking of business environment jumped from 78 to 46 last year, and this year it rose to 31st again. And for two years in a row, it has been listed as the top 10 economies with the largest improvement in the global business environment, which fully reflects the remarkable results of the reform of optimizing the business environment in China in the past two years.
"the report released by the World Bank is basically based on small and medium-sized enterprises. This shows that the World Bank recognizes that China is starting a business, obtaining construction permits, obtaining electricity, protecting a small number of investors, paying taxes, cross-border trade, and executing contracts. Measures such as bankruptcy will help to improve the business environment of private enterprises and small and micro enterprises. In particular, the World Bank points out that the Chinese government has made great efforts to optimize the income tax relief for small and micro enterprises. " Wu Jianfeng, a professor at the International Business School of the University of International Business and Economics, told reporters.
Small and micro enterprises and private enterprises are the new force of market economy. In the past two years, measures such as large-scale tax cuts and fee cuts and further relaxation of market access have helped them reduce costs, solve the "troubles of growth", and have more development opportunities.
"We have given strong support to the needs of private enterprises and small and micro enterprises, focusing on the protection of market subjects, market access and supervision, enterprise financing, tax reduction and fee reduction, and so on. For example, the protection of property rights of private enterprises and small and micro enterprises has become more standardized, the hidden threshold for all kinds of market access has been gradually eliminated, and the problem of financing difficulties and financing has been alleviated to a certain extent. Seventy percent of the private enterprises that meet the requirements for small-scale tax payment have enjoyed the dividends of the policy of reducing taxes and fees. " Long Haibo, deputy director of the Innovation Department of the Development Research Center of the State Council, told reporters.
This year, large-scale tax and fee reduction measures have come to the ground, manufacturing, transportation, and other industries have further reduced the value-added tax rate, raised the upper limit of enterprise income tax reduction and taxable income for small and micro enterprises, and reduced the burden on individuals and enterprises. Small and micro enterprises, private enterprises and real economy have become the main beneficiaries of these measures. Data show that in the first three quarters of this year, the country increased tax cuts and reduced fees by more than 1.7 trillion yuan, of which private enterprises and the individual economy accounted for 64 percent of the total new tax cuts, benefiting the most. It is estimated that the total amount of tax reduction and fee reduction in the whole year will exceed 2 trillion yuan, and the enterprise income tax reduction policy for small and micro enterprises alone will benefit 17.98 million enterprises.
According to the 2019 report on the Evaluation of the Business Environment by 10,000 Private Enterprises released by the all-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, since the second half of last year, the policies adopted by various localities to reduce taxes and fees and benefit enterprises in financing have been recognized by most enterprises. Financial policies and financial innovation tools to support the real economy have gradually fallen to the ground, and more than 60 percent of the surveyed enterprises have actually enjoyed bail-out special debt, green debt, special debt (in addition to bail-out), and other policies. Financing costs have fallen, with 71.12 per cent of companies that have received bank loans since January 2018 saying the combined annualised interest rate for bank loans is 7 per cent or less.
two。. Government service changes from examination and approval to supervision and service
More efficient and convenient administrative examination and approval, higher quality government services, can enable enterprises to focus on "running the market", rather than "running away from the government". In recent years, a series of policies and measures to optimize services have been introduced, including implementing a negative list system for market access, promoting "Internet + government services," and further reducing the opening time of enterprises, the examination and approval time of engineering construction projects, and so on. It has become an important embodiment of the transformation of government functions, from examination and approval to supervision to supervision and service.
Last year, the General Office of the State Council reported on typical practices in optimizing the business environment in some places, including the facilitation of government services: in terms of facilitating the start-up and operation of enterprises, Carry out "one photo multiple address" and "one certificate multiple address" reform, tax-related business "all over the city", with "online tax and banking interaction" to alleviate the financing problem of enterprises; In the "one network, one door, one time" reform, the implementation of a network of government services, examination and approval service standardization, integrated package services, real estate registration reform and so on.
In Quanzhou, Fujian, after the new administrative service center was put into operation, the entity hall implemented "do it immediately", and the processing time for examination and approval items was reduced to less than 35 percent of the legal time limit. Simple items "do it at a time", 1752 "up to one run" and "one trip do not have to run" items, embedded in the postal EMS express door-to-door service. In May 2018, a pilot project examination and approval system was launched in 15 cities, including Beijing, Shanghai and Zhejiang Province, requiring a unified examination and approval process and a significant reduction in examination and approval time. With the help of this reform, the index of "applying for building permits" in the global ranking of China's business environment has been raised by 88 places.
"from the typical practices in these places, it is not difficult to see that in order to enhance the facilitation of government services, there must be a clear direction closely related to the needs of enterprises, and the key is to make efforts to simplify links, reduce proof, and reduce time. Focus on key areas and links, rely on digital transformation to promote the reform of management and clothing, to improve the efficiency of government services to stimulate the vitality of the main body of the market, so that enterprises feel the most direct sense of acquisition. " Long Haibo said.
Wu Jianfeng pointed out that the facilitation of government services is of great significance to the high-quality development of enterprises, and it can bring about three effects: first, the cost effect. It reduces the time cost, energy cost and capital cost of entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs, expands the profit space, and provides more resources for innovation. Secondly, the allocation effect, the government fully delegated power, let the market to dominate the allocation of resources, to achieve the rational use of resources and the survival of the fittest of enterprises; The third is the convergence effect. From the perspective of global capital flows, the improvement of a country's business environment can attract more high-quality resources such as talent, capital and technology, and then improve the quality of enterprise development.
3. Provide a stable, fair and transparent business environment for foreign-funded enterprises
Under the positive effect of a series of measures to stabilize foreign investment and optimize the business environment, the Chinese market has become one of the most popular investment hotspots. China's stable, transparent and predictable foreign investment laws, regulations and policy environment, more perfect infrastructure and industrial support, rich and high-quality labor supply, has attracted a large number of foreign investors. From the Tesla Super Factory in Shanghai, the Cummins engine Project in Hefei to the BASF Project in Germany in Zhanjiang and the Swiss Yinx Chemical Project in Ningbo, foreign enterprises have been investing in China. Data show that in 2018, China actually utilized US $138.3 billion in foreign investment, firmly ranking first among developing countries.
"at present, about 490 of the world's top 500 companies have invested in China, reflecting a significant improvement in the business environment. With the gradual promotion of the policy of the free trade pilot area throughout the country, the institutional system of investment and trade liberalization and facilitation is becoming more and more perfect. " Long Haibo pointed out.
At present, the threshold for foreign investment entry in China is constantly falling, and the negative list of foreign investment access in the whole country and the free trade experimental area is constantly shrinking. From the two negative lists of the 2019 version of the national and free trade experimental areas released at the end of June, The opening up of agriculture, manufacturing and service industries to the outside world has been further expanded. After five revisions, the negative list of foreign investment access has shrunk from 190 six years ago to 40 in the national version and 37 in the free trade zone version.
In addition, foreign-funded enterprises should be given corresponding national treatment, and equal concessions should be given to foreign-funded enterprises in the allocation of technology, capital, talents and other elements, as well as in the process of various government services. These measures have greatly improved the business environment for foreign investors.
The door to China's opening up will only get bigger and bigger. The opinions on further Utilization of Foreign Investment, adopted in principle by the executive meeting of the State Council a few days ago, put forward a number of measures, including continuing to reduce the negative list of foreign investment access in the national and free trade pilot areas. We will comprehensively clean up and abolish restrictions that are not included in the negative list; optimize scientific and technological innovation services for foreign-invested enterprises; reduce the cost of using cross-border funds; improve the convenience for foreigners to work in China; and improve the transparency of access to new open areas.
"in the future, China will continue to deepen the reform of release, management and clothing, with emphasis on strengthening the protection of intellectual property rights, reducing the tax burden on enterprises, safeguarding the rights and interests of foreign investment, and continuing to encourage the utilization of foreign capital. To provide a more stable, fair, transparent and predictable business environment for foreign-funded enterprises such as multinational corporations. " Long Haibo said.
4. Further optimize the business environment in view of the pain points
At present, the development of enterprises is still faced with many problems, such as small and micro enterprises financing difficulties, cost control difficulties, transformation and upgrading innovation difficulties, support policies difficult to land and so on. Some enterprises also reflect that there is still room for improvement in strengthening fair supervision, strengthening the protection of intellectual property rights, and creating a good environment for the rule of law and innovation. These difficult and painful problems have become the key for the future government to formulate policies and further optimize the business environment.
"in contrast, there are still some shortcomings in the market environment of the rule of law." Long Haibo pointed out, "for example, regional market barriers, industry entry barriers still exist, the market order of fair competition needs to be improved;" Intermediary services and bidding institutions are uneven, 'intermediary injustice, experts are not specialized' is more common in some areas, regulatory agencies in the law enforcement process of 'more emergency brake, less point brake', supervision arbitrariness, "one size fits all" phenomenon is relatively strong; The social credit system is not perfect enough, to a certain extent, it also restricts the innovation of supervision. "
On October 23, the regulations on optimizing the Business Environment were officially promulgated, focusing on the shortcomings and problems, marking the international advanced experience, and making corresponding provisions from the level of improving the system and mechanism. For example, in view of the pain points of the financing difficulties of private enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises, it is proposed to encourage and support financial institutions to increase their support for private enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises, and to reduce the comprehensive financing costs of private enterprises and small and medium. There is no doubt that it has injected a "heart-strengthening agent" into the start-up enterprise.
For example, there is the problem of "one size fits all" in law enforcement in some places. In some places, day-to-day supervision is ignored and law enforcement is weak, until the time of clean-up and rectification, special rectification, supervision and supervision, and year-end assessment. Take simple and rough treatment measures directly, do not set aside reasonable time for enterprises that need to meet the standards and rectification, and even require enterprises to generally stop work and production, resulting in losses to the main body of the enterprise. In this regard, the regulations set up a special article, with the exception of specific circumstances, shall not require market subjects to generally suspend production and business, and to correct the above practices by means of the rule of law.
The optimization of the business environment is not the best, only better. Wu Jianfeng pointed out: judging from the ranking of the global business environment released by the World Bank, there is still a gap between China and the leading economies, and we should learn from the strong points to make up for our weaknesses and further learn from the policies, regulations, and specific measures of other countries. We will comprehensively improve the overall business environment in China, popularize and implement the experiences and practices of advanced cities such as Beijing and Shanghai throughout the country, and reduce the gap in various indicators of the business environment between provinces and cities. To establish a relatively unified, standard and convenient business system throughout the country. (reporter Lu Yuanzhen)