A successful Exploration of solving the difficult problem of "two skins" in Scientific Research and production-- A Summary of the achievements in the Construction of National Modern Agricultural Industry Technology system
Beijing, 14 Nov (Xinhua)-- A successful probe into solving the difficult problem of "two skins" in Scientific Research and production-- A Summary of the achievements in the Construction of the National Modern Agricultural Industry Technology system
Xinhua News Agency reporter Dong Jun
How do agricultural researchers get out of the ivory tower and write their papers on the earth? The successful practice of the national modern agricultural industry technology system construction in the past 12 years has carried on the beneficial exploration for the science and technology how to support the industrial development.
This technical system is an innovative scientific research organization initiated by the former Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Finance in 2007. By focusing on 54 major agricultural products, such as rice, wheat and live pigs, the system has brought together more than 2600 experts from more than 800 scientific, educational, enterprises and institutions across the country to tackle key problems. The formation of cross-departmental, cross-regional, cross-unit, interdisciplinary advantages of scientific and technological forces, joint cooperation to solve major industrial problems.
In Zhengyang County, Zhumadian City, Henan Province, which has the largest peanut planting area in China, scientists of peanut system integrate and popularize new technologies such as variety renewal, light cultivation, mechanical harvesting, intensive processing and so on. The whole peanut industry chain in Zhengyang County has been extended and upgraded, and the integration of primary, secondary and tertiary industries has been promoted.
In view of the fact that 80% of the production breeds depend on foreign countries, the layer system and broiler system have bred Jinghong and Beijing flour series autonomous laying hens and Jinghai yellow chickens, and the market share has been increased from 20% to more than 50%. Beef cattle system bred high-quality hybrid combinations, integrated with stage differential feeding, roughage nutrition control and other technologies to help enterprises to produce snowflake beef of the same quality as Japanese and cattle.
Apple, vegetable, tea and other cash crop systems, with variety renewal, integration of water and fertilizer, pesticide reduction as breakthroughs, promote quality improvement, reduce environmental pressure, and support negative growth in the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Rice, wheat, rape and other grain and oil crop systems, on the premise of variety cultivation, on the basis of key mechanical breakthroughs, and matched with cultivation techniques, have made great progress in mechanical direct seeding of rice, machine harvesting of corn grains, and mechanization of rape. The cost savings of large area demonstration rice, corn and rape were 100 yuan per mu, 120 yuan per mu and 240 yuan per mu, respectively.
Over the past 12 years, this "national team" of agricultural scientific research has achieved a series of key technological breakthroughs in China's agricultural field, made a number of major landmark achievements, and promoted major changes in various agricultural industries.
"promoting the close integration of science and technology with the economy and improving the efficiency of scientific and technological innovation has always been the key direction of reform and innovation in the scientific and technological sector and the scientific and technological management sector." Zhang Taolin, vice minister of agriculture and village, said at a working meeting on the 13th that "after more than a decade of construction and development of the national modern agricultural industry technology system, Let scientific and technological personnel really feel the essential difference between doing scientific research and doing scientific research projects. "
The system allocates the scientific research force according to the whole process of agricultural production, which embodies the industrial nature of the agricultural scientific research organization model, and the innovative operation mechanism makes many scientists focus on the wider land from the laboratory and the experimental field.
For example, they do not assess the number of papers by scientists, nor organize competitive topics, but organize joint efforts to tackle key problems according to the production needs of all kinds of agricultural products, such as prenatal, mid-and post-natal links. The single point breakthrough is changed into multi-point integration, and the single result is changed into an integrated solution, which effectively solves the problem that there are many single results, but the enterprise users "can not use it, can not use it".
The focus of the research comes from production, and the evaluation of the achievements of scientists comes from "users"-the competent departments of industry, technology extension organizations, agriculture-related enterprises and farmers are the service objects of the national modern agricultural industry technology system. Over the past 12 years, scientists who have joined the system have generally formed the consciousness of "scientific research serving the industry". Through the cultivation of new varieties, the development of new technologies, the creation of new equipment, and the integration of new models, we have promoted the transformation of the mode of agricultural development and the substantial improvement of production efficiency.
How can this scientific research organization enhance its ability to promote the development of the industry in the future? According to Zhang Taolin, the key point is to make up for the shortcomings, expand the varieties, and extend the chain.
To make up for shortcomings-to set up horizontal, stable and closely coordinated scientific research teams in key areas such as water-saving, fat-saving and medicine-saving, healthy ecological aquaculture, agronomic integration, and high-value and efficient utilization. To solve the major common technical problems restricting the promotion of agricultural quality and efficiency competitiveness.
Developing varieties-poor areas have significant advantages in famous, special, excellent and new agricultural resources, but they are short of talents and technology, and there is an urgent need to add a number of industrial technology system expert teams with special products. Effectively support the transformation of resource advantages into characteristic industries, pillar industries and get rich industries.
Extension chain-set up information, intelligence, resources and environment and other advantages of scientific research teams, increase the cross-integration of traditional industries and modern information technology, environmental protection technology, material technology, to meet the new trend of market consumption and new requirements of modern agriculture.