Brasilia Declaration of the Eleventh meeting of BRICS leaders (full text)

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Xinhua News Agency, Brasilia, 14 Nov (Xinhua) the full text of the Brasilia Declaration of the 11th meeting of BRICS leaders is as follows:

Brasilia Declaration of the Eleventh meeting of BRICS leaders

Preface

1. We, the leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the people's Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa held the eleventh meeting of BRICS leaders in Brasilia on 14 November 2019. The theme of the meeting is "BRICS countries: economic growth for an innovative future."

2. As leaders of the vibrant BRICS countries, we reaffirm our adherence to the principles of sovereignty, mutual respect and equality and our common commitment to building a peaceful, stable and prosperous world. These concepts, values and goals have laid a solid foundation and provided clear guidance for mutually beneficial and practical cooperation among BRICS countries. We will continue to strengthen BRICS cooperation, enhance the well-being of the peoples of the five countries and enhance the traditional friendship ties among the five countries on the basis of the achievements achieved at the meetings of successive leaders in the pillar areas of economy, political security and people-to-people exchanges.

3. We are satisfied with the achievements of the BRICS presidency in 2019. We look back on the more than 100 meetings and events held this year. Welcomes ministerial meetings and other high-level meetings in the areas of finance, trade, foreign affairs, national security affairs, communications, environment, employment, scientific and technological innovation, energy, agriculture, health and culture. We also take note of the Board meeting of the New Development Bank.

4. We welcome the achievements of BRICS cooperation, including the establishment of an "innovative BRICS" network. Welcomes the adoption of the new BRICS framework for cooperation in science, technology and innovation, which will be implemented by the BRICS steering Committee on Science, Technology and Innovation. Welcome the adoption of the working Charter of the BRICS platform for Energy Research and Cooperation. We also welcome the holding of the BRICS counter-Terrorism Strategy Seminar, the Milk Bank Seminar and the Asset return Conference. We appreciate the signing of the Memorandum of understanding on BRICS Trade and Investment Promotion Agency Cooperation and the establishment of the BRICS Women's Business Alliance. We appreciate the BRICS presidency for promoting the approval of initiatives such as the Tuberculosis Cooperative Research Programme in 2019.

Strengthening and reforming the multilateral system

5. We adhere to multilateralism and are committed to maintaining peace and security through sovereign cooperation, promoting sustainable development, ensuring the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, and promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. We reaffirm our commitment to addressing the major challenges facing multilateralism, upholding the central role of the United Nations in international affairs and respecting international law, including the Charter of the United Nations and its purposes and principles.

6. We reaffirm the urgent need to strengthen and reform the multilateral system, including the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund and other international organizations. We will continue our efforts to promote a more inclusive, democratic and representative multilateral system and to enhance the participation of emerging economies and developing countries in decision-making in international affairs. We reaffirm our commitment to promoting the international order in the direction of more equitable just equitable and representative multipolarization. We also stress the need for international organizations to uphold the overall leadership of member States and promote the interests of all States.

7. We recall the 2005 World Summit outcome and reaffirm the need for a comprehensive reform of the United Nations, including its Security Council, to make it more representative, effective and efficient, and to enhance the representation of developing countries in order to meet global challenges. China and Russia reaffirm the importance they attach to the status and role of Brazil, India and South Africa in international affairs and support their desire to play a greater role in the United Nations.

8. We remain committed to promoting sustainable development in a balanced and comprehensive manner in the economic, social and environmental fields. People in all regions of all countries, including those in remote areas, should fully enjoy the benefits of sustainable development. International cooperation in this area, as in all other areas, must respect national sovereignty, domestic legal and institutional frameworks and arrangements, as well as practices and procedures.

9. We reaffirm the importance of implementing the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development and call for redoubling efforts to ensure its timely implementation. We call on developed countries to fully fulfil their official development assistance commitments and to provide additional development resources to developing countries.

10. We reaffirm our commitment to the implementation of the Paris Agreement, based on the principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, in accordance with their respective national conditions, and to adhere to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and the principle of their respective capacities. We urge the developed countries listed in annex II to increase financial technical and capacity-building assistance to developing countries to support mitigation and adaptation actions in developing countries. We expect that the first replenishment of the Green Climate Fund by the end of 2019 will significantly exceed the resources initially mobilized to ensure that donor contributions are commensurate with the ambitions, needs and priorities of developing countries. We are also committed to contributing to the success of the 25th session of the Conference of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, in particular by achieving a balanced and comprehensive outcome on all remaining agendas of the work plan of the Paris Agreement.

11. We recall the signing of the Memorandum of understanding on the BRICS Regional Aviation Partnership and attach importance to BRICS cooperation in the aviation field. In view of the key role of the aviation industry in emerging markets such as the BRICS countries and the potential impact of the International Aviation carbon offsetting and Emission reduction Plan on the development of the aviation industry, we reaffirm our commitment to strengthening cooperation in the review of the relevant frameworks.

12. We are committed to promoting the development of a post-2020 global biodiversity framework and supporting the successful conclusion of the 15th Conference of the parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity to be held in Kunming, China, in 2020. We will deepen dialogue and cooperation on our respective positions in the field of biodiversity. We expect that the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity will be balanced in the framework and avoid neglecting the pillar objectives of sustainable use of biodiversity components and access to and benefit-sharing of genetic resources, which are often neglected.

13. We are committed to implementing the outcome of the fourteenth session of the Conference of the parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, achieving Sustainable Development goal 15.3 of 2030, combating desertification and restoring degraded land and soil, Strive to build a world of zero growth in land degradation. We welcome the establishment of the Sustainable Land recovery Centre in India to promote South-South cooperation in this area through capacity-building and the exchange of data and information on the Land degradation Zero growth Target setting Project. We recognize the New Delhi Declaration and the Ordos Declaration on investing in Land and opening up opportunities.

14. We express our grave concern at the continuing threats to international peace and security and are committed to working towards lasting peace for all in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and all applicable international obligations. We reaffirm our adherence to the principles of good faith, sovereign equality and non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries and the fulfilment of our obligations to cooperate in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations. The implementation of these principles prevents coercive measures that are contrary to international law.

15. We emphasize that the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, production and stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and toxin weapons and on their destruction is one of the important pillars of the international security system. We stress the need to comply with and strengthen the Convention including the conclusion of an additional protocol to establish an effective verification mechanism. We reaffirm that the Convention is the core instrument on biological, chemical and toxin weapons. The functions of the Convention, including issues related to the United Nations Security Council, should not overlap with other mechanisms. Problems in implementation should be addressed in a manner consistent with the Convention.

16. We reaffirm our support for the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical weapons and for the maintenance of the Chemical weapons Convention, an effective disarmament and non-proliferation instrument. We stress the need for States parties to the Chemical weapons Convention to unite and engage in constructive dialogue to restore the tradition of consensus within the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical weapons.

17. We express our serious concern about the possibility of an arms race in outer space and reaffirm the need for the exploration and peaceful use of outer space in accordance with international law, including the Charter of the United Nations. We stress the urgent need to negotiate legally binding multilateral instruments to fill gaps in relevant international legal mechanisms in outer space including the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space. We emphasize that pragmatic transparency and confidence-building measures may contribute to that goal. In view of this, we welcome the relevant work of the United Nations Group of Governmental experts on the Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space and regret that the Group of experts has not been able to agree on its report. We emphasize that any instrument on this issue should be non-discriminatory and include implementing provisions guaranteeing the development of relevant technological rights for peaceful purposes.

18. We stress the importance of an open, secure, peaceful, stable, accessible and non-discriminatory ICT environment. We stress the need to develop generally accepted rules norms and principles of responsible State conduct in cyberspace within the framework of the United Nations and to uphold the central role of the United Nations in that regard. In view of this, we welcome the open working group established by the United Nations and the establishment of a new group of governmental experts. We support both mechanisms while emphasizing that the two processes can complement and synergy international efforts in this area.

19. We reaffirm our commitment to combating criminal and terrorist activities involving the misuse of information and communication technologies. New challenges and threats in this regard require international cooperation including exploring possible cooperation frameworks such as universal binding instruments at the United Nations to prevent the use of ICT for criminal purposes. We recognize the progress made by the BRICS countries in strengthening cooperation through the working Group on Cyber Security and the BRICS Road Map for practical Cooperation on Cyber Security, which has revised its statute of work. Based on the consensus of the previous BRICS leaders' meeting, we reaffirm the importance of BRICS countries establishing a legal framework for cyber security cooperation and endorse the relevant consideration and elaboration of the Cyber Security working Group. We take note of the proposal put forward by Russia for the conclusion of an intergovernmental agreement on cybersecurity among the BRICS countries and the initiative of Brazil to conclude relevant bilateral agreements among the BRICS countries.

20. We strongly condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, which should not be linked to any religion, country or civilization, and emphasize that terrorism is carried out by whomever, whenever and by whomever it is motivated, Can't be used as a justification for terrorism. We urge all parties under the leadership of the United Nations to jointly combat terrorism in accordance with international law and emphasize the primary role of States and their relevant institutions in preventing and combating terrorism. We believe that comprehensive measures must be taken to achieve effectiveness in the fight against terrorism. We believe that all States have a responsibility to prevent terrorist network financing and terrorist acts within their territories. We call for the completion and adoption of the Comprehensive counter-Terrorism Convention within the framework of the United Nations as soon as possible. We stress the importance of preventing and combating terrorist financing and the implementation of relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions, and welcome the adoption of United Nations Security Council resolution 2462 (2019). In order to eliminate the threat of biological and biological terrorism, we stress the need to launch multilateral negotiations to curb acts of biological and biological terrorism, including in the Conference on Disarmament.

21. We recognize the progress made in BRICS cooperation in the field of counter-terrorism and welcome the results of the fourth meeting of the BRICS counter-Terrorism working Group, including the establishment of the thematic Sub-working Group and the holding of the BRICS counter-Terrorism Strategy Seminar in Brasilia.

22. We reaffirm our commitment to combating illicit financial flows and to strengthening cooperation within the framework of the Financial Action Task Force, relevant similar regional mechanisms and in other multilateral, regional and bilateral forums. We stress the importance of maintaining and supporting the objectives of the FATF and will strengthen cooperation in the implementation and enhancement of FATF standards. We attach importance to and encourage the BRICS countries to strengthen dialogue on key issues such as anti-money laundering and anti-terrorist financing, and take note of the BRICS proposal on anti-money laundering and the institutionalization of the Anti-terrorist financing Council. We stress the importance of the work of the National Financial Intelligence Unit.

Economic and financial cooperation

23. Since the last meeting, the momentum of global economic growth has weakened and downside risks have increased. Trade frictions and policy uncertainties have an impact on confidence, trade, investment and growth. In this context, we reaffirm the importance of opening up markets, maintaining a fair, fair and non-discriminatory business and trade environment, structural reforms, effective and fair competition, promoting investment and innovation, and infrastructure construction and development financing. We stress the need for developing countries to increase their participation in global value chains. We will continue to strengthen cooperation within the framework of the G20 to safeguard the interests of emerging markets and developing countries.

24. We note that the BRICS countries have been the main engines of global growth over the past decade and now account for nearly 1/3 of global output. We firmly believe that ongoing structural reforms will enhance the growth potential of the BRICS countries. The expansion of trade among BRICS member countries will further contribute to the strengthening of international trade exchanges. We advocate the continued use of fiscal, monetary and structural policies to achieve strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth. We call on major developed and emerging market economies to maintain policy dialogue and coordination under the G20 and other mechanisms to advance these goals and address potential risks.

25. We reaffirm our support for a strong, share-based and well-resourced International Monetary Fund as the centre of the global financial safety net. We are deeply disappointed by the failure of the 15th round of the General Review of shares to increase the size of the Fund and adjust the shares of member States, including adjustments in favour of emerging markets and developing countries, which remain underrepresented in the Fund. We also support the protection of the voice and representation of the poorest members. We call on the International Monetary Fund to press ahead with quota and governance reforms on the basis of the 2010 consensus principle and to complete the 16th round of the General Review of shares seriously and in accordance with a more urgent timetable.

26. We reaffirm the importance of rules-based, transparent, non-discriminatory, open, free and inclusive international trade. We remain committed to maintaining and strengthening the multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organization at its core. Unilateral and protectionist measures conflict with the spirit and rules of WTO and it is extremely important for all WTO members to refrain from adopting these measures.

27. We recognize the importance of the necessary reforms of the WTO, including in the preparatory process for the Twelfth WTO Ministerial Conference, in order to ensure the effectiveness and relevance of the WTO, And its ability to better meet current and future challenges. We will work with all WTO members to promote a balanced, open and transparent reform process necessary to promote inclusiveness and development, which must uphold the central position, core values and basic principles of the WTO. It also takes into account the interests of all members, including developing and least developed members.

28. We stress the importance of the World Trade Organization dispute settlement mechanism, which follows a two-level binding adjudication system. The appellate body of the World Trade Organization plays a necessary role in the normal and effective functioning of the WTO and the implementation of the relevant rules. We stress the urgency of breaking the impasse in the selection of members of the Appellate body of the World Trade Organization and call on all members to agree to the immediate commencement of the selection process for members of the Appellate body.

29. Within the appropriate framework, we will explore ways to promote and facilitate investment in the productive sector, e-commerce, SMEs, infrastructure and connectivity to promote economic growth, trade and employment. We will give full consideration to national legal and policy frameworks to strengthen a transparent, effective and investment-friendly business environment.

30. While noting with appreciation the role of the New Development Bank in infrastructure and financing for sustainable development, we stress the need for the New Development Bank to do more to build strong, balanced and high-quality projects. We are also proud to note that this year marks the fifth anniversary of the signing of the Agreement on the Establishment of the New Development Bank in Fortaleza, Brazil, and welcome the forthcoming mid-term review of the overall strategy of the New Development Bank.

31. We welcome the opening of the regional office of the New Development Bank and the commencement of its operations in member States. We welcome the establishment of the Regional Office for the Americas in Sao Paulo, Brazil, and the sub-office in Brasilia, and look forward to the opening of two regional offices in Russia and India in 2020. On the basis of the core functions of the headquarters of the New Development Bank, the above-mentioned regional offices will facilitate bank expansion and provide better projects for all member States.

32. We recognize the progress made by the New Development Bank on the issue of expansion. The expansion of the New Development Bank in accordance with the Agreement on the Establishment of the New Development Bank will strengthen its role as a global development financing institution. Further strengthen the capacity of BRICS and other emerging markets and developing countries to finance infrastructure and sustainable development projects. We look forward to the completion of preparations by the Board of Directors of the New Development Bank in order to reach a decision on bank expansion as soon as possible and in due course.

33. We also attach great importance to other key cooperation initiatives, including the BRICS Government and the working Group on Social Capital Cooperation and Infrastructure, which has advanced dialogue among the five countries in the area of infrastructure, including the G20 infrastructure agenda. The new development bank project reserve fund, the early launch of the first batch of projects will help to improve the effectiveness of the fund. We will also strengthen cooperation among multilateral development banks to enhance the representation of developing countries and emerging economies.

34. We note with satisfaction further initiatives to ensure that contingency reserve arrangements are readily available, and welcome the increased complexity of the decoupling component of emergency reserve arrangements, A second successful exercise, including early redemption, was conducted.

35. We note the progress made in the establishment of the BRICS Local currency Bond Fund and look forward to its operation. We support existing cooperation mechanisms to develop our local currency bond market. We will communicate closely on strengthening monetary cooperation based on the functions of our respective central banks.

36. We believe that the BRICS survey on international payment systems is very important.

37. We actively assess the progress made in the BRICS Economic Partnership Strategy, including in terms of innovative, sustainable and inclusive economic growth, It also looks forward to assessing progress under the Russian presidency of the BRICS countries in 2020. We appreciate the efforts of member States to promote the implementation of the BRICS Programme of Action for Economic and Trade Cooperation through activities such as promoting policy sharing, exchange of information, promoting trade and investment facilitation and conducting trade research. We welcome the conclusions of the BRICS Joint Trade study Review, which points to the potential of trade and investment among BRICS countries, and instructs our Ministers to continue to take action to support cooperation initiatives among member States.

38. We welcome the holding of the BRICS Business Forum. Endorsing the cooperation of the BRICS Business Council in the areas of infrastructure, manufacturing, energy, agriculture and biotechnology, financial services, regional aviation, technical standards docking, skills development and the digital economy, And efforts to promote trade and investment among members.

39. We welcome the establishment of the BRICS Women's Business Alliance, which aims to enhance the role of women as drivers of economic growth, contribute to the economic empowerment of women in member States, and provide unique insights on issues of concern to the business community of the BRICS countries. The agenda working methods and other matters related to the functions of the Alliance will be determined by the members of the Alliance. We look forward to each country electing five members and holding the first meeting of the Alliance as soon as possible in 2020.

40. We call on the Women's Business Federation and the BRICS Business Council to actively cooperate, strengthen coordination in order to promote each other, and strengthen women's participation in all BRICS business initiatives, including the BRICS Business Council.

Regional hot issues

41. We reaffirm our commitment to work together for the peaceful settlement of disputes through political and diplomatic means and recognize that the United Nations Security Council has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of world peace and security.

42. With regard to the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, we reaffirm our firm commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of Syria. We firmly believe that military means cannot resolve the Syrian conflict. We also reaffirm our commitment to advancing the "Syrian-led, Syrian-owned" United Nations-supported political process in accordance with United Nations Security Council resolution 2254 (2015). We express our support for the establishment of the Constitutional Council under the efforts of the United Nations, the Astana guarantors and all States that promote a political settlement of the Syrian conflict. We call on all parties to ensure unhindered access to humanitarian assistance and the full implementation of a lasting ceasefire in the Idlib region, but not to terrorist organizations and entities listed by the Council. We reaffirm our international responsibility to combat terrorism in all its forms and stress the importance of uniting in the fight against Syrian terrorist organizations listed by the Council. We are concerned about the suffering suffered by vulnerable ethnic and religious groups, ethnic and religious minorities. We are deeply concerned about the humanitarian situation in Syria and the risk of the movement of terrorists. We urge all parties to assist in the unconditional delivery of humanitarian aid to all people throughout Syria. Taking into account the need to protect civilians throughout Syria in accordance with international human rights and humanitarian law, we welcome efforts to alleviate the crisis in north-eastern Syria, in particular the memorandum of understanding signed by Russia and Turkey on 22 October.

43. We reiterate our concern about the ongoing conflict and major humanitarian crisis in the Republic of Yemen and call on all parties to achieve rapid, safe and undisturbed access to humanitarian personnel and supplies throughout Yemen. Recognizing the significant impact of the conflict in Yemen on regional security and stability, we reaffirm our support for the Stockholm process and the efforts of the United Nations to achieve a peaceful settlement of the conflict led by the Yemeni people and supported by the United Nations.

44. We agree that conflicts in other parts of the Middle East and North Africa should not be an excuse to obstruct the settlement of the protracted Palestinian-Israeli conflict. Within the existing international frameworks, such as the relevant United Nations resolutions, the Madrid principles and the Arab Peace Initiative, we reaffirm that the two-State solution enables the Israeli people to live in peace and security with the Palestinian people. On this basis, we believe that it is necessary to adopt new and creative diplomatic efforts to achieve a just and comprehensive settlement of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and peace and stability in the Middle East.

45. We are deeply concerned about the continuation of the crisis in the Gulf region, including the unilateral actions taken, and reiterate our support for the resolution of existing differences through negotiations and diplomatic contacts. We stress the need to promote a positive and constructive agenda in the region so that countries can work together to address common threats and challenges. We emphasize the obligation of States members of the United Nations to accept and implement the decisions of the Council in accordance with Article 25 of the Charter of the United Nations.

46. We reaffirm our support for the efforts of the Afghan people to build a stable, inclusive, peaceful and prosperous country. We firmly believe that there is no military solution to the Afghan problem. We reaffirm our support for a peace and reconciliation process that is "owned and led by the Albanian people". We express our concern about the continued occurrence of terrorist-related attacks.

47. We reiterate our support for the peaceful, diplomatic and political settlement of the Korean Peninsula issue and the complete denuclearization of the peninsula. We stress the importance of maintaining peace and stability in Northeast Asia.

48. We appreciate the efforts of the African Union and African subregional organizations to resolve regional problems, manage regional conflicts and maintain peace and security on the African continent, and reaffirm the importance of cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union. We urge all parties to immediately cease all military operations in Libya and to cooperate with the United Nations, the African Union High-level Committee on Libya and relevant stakeholders to ensure the adoption of a "benefit-led, people-owned" political process, To achieve a comprehensive and lasting solution to the Libyan issue.

49. We congratulate the people of the Sudan on the signing of the political Agreement and the Constitutional Declaration in Khartoum on 17 August 2019, which we consider to be an important step towards stabilizing the political situation in the Sudan. We recognize the efforts of the African Union and the Government of Ethiopia whose good offices have contributed to the outcome of the negotiations.

BRICS practical cooperation

50. We welcome the formal meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the BRICS countries held by Brazil in Rio de Janeiro on 26 July 2019. The foreign ministers exchanged views on major international political, security, economic and financial issues of common concern and how to strengthen BRICS cooperation. We also welcome the convening of the meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the BRICS countries during the 74th session of the United Nations General Assembly, which is an important platform for us to continue to strengthen cooperation in areas of common interest.

51. We welcome the ninth meeting of BRICS High Representatives for Security, held in October 2019, and appreciate the enhanced dialogue among the High Representatives on counter-terrorism, cybersecurity, major international and regional hotspots, peacekeeping and transnational organized crime.

52. We emphasize that scientific and technological innovation is the main driving force of economic growth and a key element in shaping the future society. We welcome the results and cooperation initiatives of the seventh BRICS Ministers' meeting on Science, Technology and Innovation. These results and initiatives have led to closer cooperation among researchers young scientists and government agencies in the five countries as well as closer links to our innovation systems. We are satisfied with the implementation of the BRICS Innovation Cooperation Action Plan, such as the "Innovation BRICS" network. We welcome the adoption of the new BRICS cooperation framework, which will streamline and strengthen the S & T cooperation projects of the five countries under the guidance of the BRICS Science and Technology Innovation steering Committee.

53. We welcome the outcome of the Fifth BRICS meeting of Ministers of Communications. We will continue to strengthen cooperation in joint projects among BRICS countries, create new opportunities for cooperation and expand and strengthen existing partnerships, including taking the necessary action to establish the Digital BRICS working Group at an early date. We note with satisfaction the results of the first BRICS Future Network Research Institute Board meeting.

54. We recognize that the new industrial revolution is a vital development opportunity from which all countries should benefit equally, and we are aware of the challenges it poses. We note with satisfaction the progress made in implementing the decision of the leaders' Johannesburg meeting to launch the full operationalization of the BRICS New Industrial Revolution Partnership. We also welcome the adoption of the New Industrial Revolution Partnership work Plan and the responsibilities of the New Industrial Revolution Partnership Advisory Group. In accordance with the work plan adopted at the second BRICS Partnership for the New Industrial Revolution Advisory Group meeting held in Brazil in September 2019, we will continue to carry out mutually beneficial cooperation projects in the six areas of cooperation identified in the work plan. These include the establishment of BRICS industrial parks and science and technology parks, innovation centres, technology business incubators and business networks.

55. We take note of the progress made in the consultations on the BRICS remote Sensing Satellite Constellation Cooperation Agreement and look forward to the early completion of the consultations.

56. We recognize the key role of energy in promoting social and economic development and environmental protection. Recognizing that the energy transformation of each country varies from country to country, we stress the importance of ensuring that people have access to clean, sustainable and affordable energy. In this regard energy diversification is essential for achieving energy security. To that end, we are committed to the continued efficient use of fossil fuels and to increasing the share of renewable energy sources, including biofuels, hydropower, solar and wind energy, in our economies. We welcome the ongoing cooperation between the five countries in the field of energy. We welcome the approval of the fourth meeting of Energy Ministers in Brasilia and the working Charter of the BRICS platform for Cooperation on Energy Research, which will facilitate an in-depth exchange of views and best practices and further advance our cooperation. Make a significant contribution to global energy research.

57. We welcome the holding of the ninth meeting of BRICS Ministers of Health and the joint research programme on tuberculosis developed by the BRICS Tuberculosis Research Network in 2019, The plan aims to reduce the burden of tuberculosis by supporting research projects on a wide range of issues related to tuberculosis and promoting new science, technology and innovative approaches. We also welcome the BRICS Milk Bank Network initiative launched at the first Human Milk Bank Seminar. We emphasize that joint action by countries to promote the research and development of drugs and diagnostic tools and to improve access to safe, effective, high-quality and affordable essential medicines is essential for curbing communicable diseases and strengthening the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases.

58. We welcome the outcome of the meetings of BRICS finance ministers and central bank governors held during the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in April and October. We note with satisfaction the progress of BRICS financial cooperation. We stress that strengthening BRICS financial cooperation is very important to better serve the real economy and meet the development needs of the BRICS people.

59. We take note of the progress made by the BRICS customs departments in the consultations on the draft Agreement on Mutual Administrative Assistance in BRICS Customs and instruct the relevant departments to strive for the early signing and entry into force of the Agreement. We welcome the significant progress made in the implementation of the BRICS Strategic Framework for Customs Cooperation, particularly with regard to certified operator projects. The project, which includes regulatory mutual recognition and operator mutual recognition, should be operational by the end of 2022. We take note of the positive practice of establishing BRICS customs training centres and instruct the relevant departments to continue such cooperation in the future. Recognizing the potential of the BRICS Customs Cooperation Committee, we call on BRICS countries to strengthen cooperation in the areas of trade facilitation, law enforcement, advanced information technology applications and capacity-building within the relevant multilateral framework.

60. We support efforts to promote trade and recognize that acts such as low invoicing have a negative impact on trade and industrial policies as well as taxation and should be addressed.

61. We commend the BRICS tax authorities for their support for the implementation of standards for tax transparency and the global exchange of information, as well as minimum standards for the action plan to prevent tax base erosion and profit transfer. We have always been committed to addressing the tax challenges posed by economic digitization. We look forward to further progress in the discussion of the two-pillar programme developed under the inclusive framework for tax base erosion and profit transfer. We welcome recent achievements in the area of tax transparency including progress in the automatic exchange of tax information. We call on all parties to sign and ratify the multilateral Convention on Mutual Assistance in tax Collection and Administration. We will continue to intensify our efforts to prevent the erosion of the tax base and the transfer of profits strengthen the exchange of tax information and build capacity in accordance with the needs of developing countries. We are committed to more in-depth exchange and sharing of experiences and best practices and to learning from each other in the area of tax collection and administration.

62. We appreciate the positive results achieved by the ninth BRICS Economic and Trade Ministers' meeting with the support of the Economic and Trade Liaison Group, as well as their cooperation in deepening BRICS investment, e-commerce, small and medium-sized enterprises, and other fields. And work with BRICS intellectual property authorities in the field of intellectual property rights. We also welcome the signing of the Memorandum of understanding on Cooperation between BRICS Trade and Investment Promotion agencies.

63. We support the consensus of BRICS Ministers of economy and Trade on the need for decisive and coordinated global action to promote economic growth. Promoting trade is conducive to global economic growth, but the global economic demand is insufficient and more growth points are needed. Examples include investment in infrastructure, including digital infrastructure, skills training for young people, sustainable investment, investment in local basic public services and investment in areas with high growth potential, including the African continent.

64. We reaffirm our determination to combat corruption, in particular through the appropriate improvement of domestic laws to more effectively investigate and deal with corruption cases. We are committed to adopting standards of integrity in the public sector and promoting standards of integrity in the private sector, thereby creating a stronger atmosphere of zero tolerance for corruption around the world. We will continue our efforts in the areas of anti-corruption law enforcement cooperation and the return of assets through civil and administrative means. We will make full use of the BRICS expert Network meeting on Asset return to strengthen exchange of experiences and case-by-case cooperation on asset return among BRICS countries. We will strengthen exchanges within the multilateral frameworks of the United Nations Convention against Corruption and the G-20 Anti-Corruption working Group, and join hands in denying safe havens for corrupt persons and assets, thereby promoting the return of proceeds of crime.

65. We recognize the outcome of the Fifth BRICS meeting of Ministers of the Environment on the theme "contribution of urban environmental management to the improvement of the quality of urban life". We stress the importance of the BRICS Environmental Cooperation Initiative in improving the quality of life in our cities, This includes the sharing of knowledge and experience on important issues such as waste management, circular economy, sustainable consumption and production, sanitation and water quality, urban air quality and urban green space. We welcome Russia's proposal to include addressing marine waste in the BRICS clean rivers project.

66. We welcome the results of the Ninth BRICS meeting of Ministers of Agriculture. As the world's leading agricultural producer and populous country, we stress the importance of BRICS agricultural cooperation. We recognize the importance of science-based agriculture and the application of ICT to agriculture to that end. We stress the need for BRICS countries to ensure the achievement of the goals of food security, food security, addressing malnutrition, hunger and poverty through increased agricultural production and productivity, sustainable management of natural resources and agricultural trade.

67. We welcome the outcome of the Fifth BRICS meeting of Ministers of Labour and Employment on the theme "BRICS countries: economic growth for an innovative future". We note that globalization technological innovation demographic change and other phenomena drive the transformation of the labour market and the opportunities and challenges it brings. We note with satisfaction the progress made by the BRICS countries in cooperation in the areas of future work, high-quality and productive employment, sustainable social security systems, and labour market data exchange. We stress the need for labour markets to become more adaptable and inclusive.

68. We recognize the important role of cultural cooperation in enhancing mutual understanding among peoples. We welcome the outcome of the fourth BRICS meeting of Ministers of Culture and the efforts made by ministers to further strengthen cultural exchanges among the five countries. We look forward to further cooperation in the field of culture, including the implementation of initiatives such as BRICS co-production and film production. We appreciate the holding of the fourth BRICS Film Festival.

69. We reaffirm the importance of BRICS people-to-people exchanges in enhancing mutual understanding and promoting friendship and cooperation among the peoples of the five countries. We express our satisfaction with the series of meetings and activities held by the BRICS countries in the fields of culture, governance, arts, sports, media, film, youth and academic exchanges.

70. We welcome the exchanges and cooperation among the parliaments of the BRICS countries and note with satisfaction the BRICS Parliamentary Forum held during the Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union in October. We recognize the importance of parliamentary cooperation in strengthening the BRICS partnership.

71. We take note of the holding of the BRICS High-level Forum on Justice. This has contributed to the exchange of experiences among BRICS countries on good practices in the modernization of the judicial system.

72. Russia, India, China and South Africa appreciate the work of the Brazilian presidency of the BRICS countries in 2019 and express their gratitude to the Government and people of Brazil for hosting the 11th BRICS leaders' meeting in Brasilia.

Brazil, India, China and South Africa will fully support the Russian presidency of the BRICS countries in 2020 and host the 12th BRICS leaders' meeting in St. Petersburg.

Brasilia Declaration of the Eleventh meeting of BRICS leaders (full text)

| gov.cn

Xinhua News Agency, Brasilia, 14 Nov (Xinhua) the full text of the Brasilia Declaration of the 11th meeting of BRICS leaders is as follows:

Brasilia Declaration of the Eleventh meeting of BRICS leaders

Preface

1. We, the leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the people's Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa held the eleventh meeting of BRICS leaders in Brasilia on 14 November 2019. The theme of the meeting is "BRICS countries: economic growth for an innovative future."

2. As leaders of the vibrant BRICS countries, we reaffirm our adherence to the principles of sovereignty, mutual respect and equality and our common commitment to building a peaceful, stable and prosperous world. These concepts, values and goals have laid a solid foundation and provided clear guidance for mutually beneficial and practical cooperation among BRICS countries. We will continue to strengthen BRICS cooperation, enhance the well-being of the peoples of the five countries and enhance the traditional friendship ties among the five countries on the basis of the achievements achieved at the meetings of successive leaders in the pillar areas of economy, political security and people-to-people exchanges.

3. We are satisfied with the achievements of the BRICS presidency in 2019. We look back on the more than 100 meetings and events held this year. Welcomes ministerial meetings and other high-level meetings in the areas of finance, trade, foreign affairs, national security affairs, communications, environment, employment, scientific and technological innovation, energy, agriculture, health and culture. We also take note of the Board meeting of the New Development Bank.

4. We welcome the achievements of BRICS cooperation, including the establishment of an "innovative BRICS" network. Welcomes the adoption of the new BRICS framework for cooperation in science, technology and innovation, which will be implemented by the BRICS steering Committee on Science, Technology and Innovation. Welcome the adoption of the working Charter of the BRICS platform for Energy Research and Cooperation. We also welcome the holding of the BRICS counter-Terrorism Strategy Seminar, the Milk Bank Seminar and the Asset return Conference. We appreciate the signing of the Memorandum of understanding on BRICS Trade and Investment Promotion Agency Cooperation and the establishment of the BRICS Women's Business Alliance. We appreciate the BRICS presidency for promoting the approval of initiatives such as the Tuberculosis Cooperative Research Programme in 2019.

Strengthening and reforming the multilateral system

5. We adhere to multilateralism and are committed to maintaining peace and security through sovereign cooperation, promoting sustainable development, ensuring the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, and promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. We reaffirm our commitment to addressing the major challenges facing multilateralism, upholding the central role of the United Nations in international affairs and respecting international law, including the Charter of the United Nations and its purposes and principles.

6. We reaffirm the urgent need to strengthen and reform the multilateral system, including the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund and other international organizations. We will continue our efforts to promote a more inclusive, democratic and representative multilateral system and to enhance the participation of emerging economies and developing countries in decision-making in international affairs. We reaffirm our commitment to promoting the international order in the direction of more equitable just equitable and representative multipolarization. We also stress the need for international organizations to uphold the overall leadership of member States and promote the interests of all States.

7. We recall the 2005 World Summit outcome and reaffirm the need for a comprehensive reform of the United Nations, including its Security Council, to make it more representative, effective and efficient, and to enhance the representation of developing countries in order to meet global challenges. China and Russia reaffirm the importance they attach to the status and role of Brazil, India and South Africa in international affairs and support their desire to play a greater role in the United Nations.

8. We remain committed to promoting sustainable development in a balanced and comprehensive manner in the economic, social and environmental fields. People in all regions of all countries, including those in remote areas, should fully enjoy the benefits of sustainable development. International cooperation in this area, as in all other areas, must respect national sovereignty, domestic legal and institutional frameworks and arrangements, as well as practices and procedures.

9. We reaffirm the importance of implementing the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development and call for redoubling efforts to ensure its timely implementation. We call on developed countries to fully fulfil their official development assistance commitments and to provide additional development resources to developing countries.

10. We reaffirm our commitment to the implementation of the Paris Agreement, based on the principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, in accordance with their respective national conditions, and to adhere to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and the principle of their respective capacities. We urge the developed countries listed in annex II to increase financial technical and capacity-building assistance to developing countries to support mitigation and adaptation actions in developing countries. We expect that the first replenishment of the Green Climate Fund by the end of 2019 will significantly exceed the resources initially mobilized to ensure that donor contributions are commensurate with the ambitions, needs and priorities of developing countries. We are also committed to contributing to the success of the 25th session of the Conference of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, in particular by achieving a balanced and comprehensive outcome on all remaining agendas of the work plan of the Paris Agreement.

11. We recall the signing of the Memorandum of understanding on the BRICS Regional Aviation Partnership and attach importance to BRICS cooperation in the aviation field. In view of the key role of the aviation industry in emerging markets such as the BRICS countries and the potential impact of the International Aviation carbon offsetting and Emission reduction Plan on the development of the aviation industry, we reaffirm our commitment to strengthening cooperation in the review of the relevant frameworks.

12. We are committed to promoting the development of a post-2020 global biodiversity framework and supporting the successful conclusion of the 15th Conference of the parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity to be held in Kunming, China, in 2020. We will deepen dialogue and cooperation on our respective positions in the field of biodiversity. We expect that the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity will be balanced in the framework and avoid neglecting the pillar objectives of sustainable use of biodiversity components and access to and benefit-sharing of genetic resources, which are often neglected.

13. We are committed to implementing the outcome of the fourteenth session of the Conference of the parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, achieving Sustainable Development goal 15.3 of 2030, combating desertification and restoring degraded land and soil, Strive to build a world of zero growth in land degradation. We welcome the establishment of the Sustainable Land recovery Centre in India to promote South-South cooperation in this area through capacity-building and the exchange of data and information on the Land degradation Zero growth Target setting Project. We recognize the New Delhi Declaration and the Ordos Declaration on investing in Land and opening up opportunities.

14. We express our grave concern at the continuing threats to international peace and security and are committed to working towards lasting peace for all in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and all applicable international obligations. We reaffirm our adherence to the principles of good faith, sovereign equality and non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries and the fulfilment of our obligations to cooperate in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations. The implementation of these principles prevents coercive measures that are contrary to international law.

15. We emphasize that the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, production and stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and toxin weapons and on their destruction is one of the important pillars of the international security system. We stress the need to comply with and strengthen the Convention including the conclusion of an additional protocol to establish an effective verification mechanism. We reaffirm that the Convention is the core instrument on biological, chemical and toxin weapons. The functions of the Convention, including issues related to the United Nations Security Council, should not overlap with other mechanisms. Problems in implementation should be addressed in a manner consistent with the Convention.

16. We reaffirm our support for the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical weapons and for the maintenance of the Chemical weapons Convention, an effective disarmament and non-proliferation instrument. We stress the need for States parties to the Chemical weapons Convention to unite and engage in constructive dialogue to restore the tradition of consensus within the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical weapons.

17. We express our serious concern about the possibility of an arms race in outer space and reaffirm the need for the exploration and peaceful use of outer space in accordance with international law, including the Charter of the United Nations. We stress the urgent need to negotiate legally binding multilateral instruments to fill gaps in relevant international legal mechanisms in outer space including the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space. We emphasize that pragmatic transparency and confidence-building measures may contribute to that goal. In view of this, we welcome the relevant work of the United Nations Group of Governmental experts on the Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space and regret that the Group of experts has not been able to agree on its report. We emphasize that any instrument on this issue should be non-discriminatory and include implementing provisions guaranteeing the development of relevant technological rights for peaceful purposes.

18. We stress the importance of an open, secure, peaceful, stable, accessible and non-discriminatory ICT environment. We stress the need to develop generally accepted rules norms and principles of responsible State conduct in cyberspace within the framework of the United Nations and to uphold the central role of the United Nations in that regard. In view of this, we welcome the open working group established by the United Nations and the establishment of a new group of governmental experts. We support both mechanisms while emphasizing that the two processes can complement and synergy international efforts in this area.

19. We reaffirm our commitment to combating criminal and terrorist activities involving the misuse of information and communication technologies. New challenges and threats in this regard require international cooperation including exploring possible cooperation frameworks such as universal binding instruments at the United Nations to prevent the use of ICT for criminal purposes. We recognize the progress made by the BRICS countries in strengthening cooperation through the working Group on Cyber Security and the BRICS Road Map for practical Cooperation on Cyber Security, which has revised its statute of work. Based on the consensus of the previous BRICS leaders' meeting, we reaffirm the importance of BRICS countries establishing a legal framework for cyber security cooperation and endorse the relevant consideration and elaboration of the Cyber Security working Group. We take note of the proposal put forward by Russia for the conclusion of an intergovernmental agreement on cybersecurity among the BRICS countries and the initiative of Brazil to conclude relevant bilateral agreements among the BRICS countries.

20. We strongly condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, which should not be linked to any religion, country or civilization, and emphasize that terrorism is carried out by whomever, whenever and by whomever it is motivated, Can't be used as a justification for terrorism. We urge all parties under the leadership of the United Nations to jointly combat terrorism in accordance with international law and emphasize the primary role of States and their relevant institutions in preventing and combating terrorism. We believe that comprehensive measures must be taken to achieve effectiveness in the fight against terrorism. We believe that all States have a responsibility to prevent terrorist network financing and terrorist acts within their territories. We call for the completion and adoption of the Comprehensive counter-Terrorism Convention within the framework of the United Nations as soon as possible. We stress the importance of preventing and combating terrorist financing and the implementation of relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions, and welcome the adoption of United Nations Security Council resolution 2462 (2019). In order to eliminate the threat of biological and biological terrorism, we stress the need to launch multilateral negotiations to curb acts of biological and biological terrorism, including in the Conference on Disarmament.

21. We recognize the progress made in BRICS cooperation in the field of counter-terrorism and welcome the results of the fourth meeting of the BRICS counter-Terrorism working Group, including the establishment of the thematic Sub-working Group and the holding of the BRICS counter-Terrorism Strategy Seminar in Brasilia.

22. We reaffirm our commitment to combating illicit financial flows and to strengthening cooperation within the framework of the Financial Action Task Force, relevant similar regional mechanisms and in other multilateral, regional and bilateral forums. We stress the importance of maintaining and supporting the objectives of the FATF and will strengthen cooperation in the implementation and enhancement of FATF standards. We attach importance to and encourage the BRICS countries to strengthen dialogue on key issues such as anti-money laundering and anti-terrorist financing, and take note of the BRICS proposal on anti-money laundering and the institutionalization of the Anti-terrorist financing Council. We stress the importance of the work of the National Financial Intelligence Unit.

Economic and financial cooperation

23. Since the last meeting, the momentum of global economic growth has weakened and downside risks have increased. Trade frictions and policy uncertainties have an impact on confidence, trade, investment and growth. In this context, we reaffirm the importance of opening up markets, maintaining a fair, fair and non-discriminatory business and trade environment, structural reforms, effective and fair competition, promoting investment and innovation, and infrastructure construction and development financing. We stress the need for developing countries to increase their participation in global value chains. We will continue to strengthen cooperation within the framework of the G20 to safeguard the interests of emerging markets and developing countries.

24. We note that the BRICS countries have been the main engines of global growth over the past decade and now account for nearly 1/3 of global output. We firmly believe that ongoing structural reforms will enhance the growth potential of the BRICS countries. The expansion of trade among BRICS member countries will further contribute to the strengthening of international trade exchanges. We advocate the continued use of fiscal, monetary and structural policies to achieve strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth. We call on major developed and emerging market economies to maintain policy dialogue and coordination under the G20 and other mechanisms to advance these goals and address potential risks.

25. We reaffirm our support for a strong, share-based and well-resourced International Monetary Fund as the centre of the global financial safety net. We are deeply disappointed by the failure of the 15th round of the General Review of shares to increase the size of the Fund and adjust the shares of member States, including adjustments in favour of emerging markets and developing countries, which remain underrepresented in the Fund. We also support the protection of the voice and representation of the poorest members. We call on the International Monetary Fund to press ahead with quota and governance reforms on the basis of the 2010 consensus principle and to complete the 16th round of the General Review of shares seriously and in accordance with a more urgent timetable.

26. We reaffirm the importance of rules-based, transparent, non-discriminatory, open, free and inclusive international trade. We remain committed to maintaining and strengthening the multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organization at its core. Unilateral and protectionist measures conflict with the spirit and rules of WTO and it is extremely important for all WTO members to refrain from adopting these measures.

27. We recognize the importance of the necessary reforms of the WTO, including in the preparatory process for the Twelfth WTO Ministerial Conference, in order to ensure the effectiveness and relevance of the WTO, And its ability to better meet current and future challenges. We will work with all WTO members to promote a balanced, open and transparent reform process necessary to promote inclusiveness and development, which must uphold the central position, core values and basic principles of the WTO. It also takes into account the interests of all members, including developing and least developed members.

28. We stress the importance of the World Trade Organization dispute settlement mechanism, which follows a two-level binding adjudication system. The appellate body of the World Trade Organization plays a necessary role in the normal and effective functioning of the WTO and the implementation of the relevant rules. We stress the urgency of breaking the impasse in the selection of members of the Appellate body of the World Trade Organization and call on all members to agree to the immediate commencement of the selection process for members of the Appellate body.

29. Within the appropriate framework, we will explore ways to promote and facilitate investment in the productive sector, e-commerce, SMEs, infrastructure and connectivity to promote economic growth, trade and employment. We will give full consideration to national legal and policy frameworks to strengthen a transparent, effective and investment-friendly business environment.

30. While noting with appreciation the role of the New Development Bank in infrastructure and financing for sustainable development, we stress the need for the New Development Bank to do more to build strong, balanced and high-quality projects. We are also proud to note that this year marks the fifth anniversary of the signing of the Agreement on the Establishment of the New Development Bank in Fortaleza, Brazil, and welcome the forthcoming mid-term review of the overall strategy of the New Development Bank.

31. We welcome the opening of the regional office of the New Development Bank and the commencement of its operations in member States. We welcome the establishment of the Regional Office for the Americas in Sao Paulo, Brazil, and the sub-office in Brasilia, and look forward to the opening of two regional offices in Russia and India in 2020. On the basis of the core functions of the headquarters of the New Development Bank, the above-mentioned regional offices will facilitate bank expansion and provide better projects for all member States.

32. We recognize the progress made by the New Development Bank on the issue of expansion. The expansion of the New Development Bank in accordance with the Agreement on the Establishment of the New Development Bank will strengthen its role as a global development financing institution. Further strengthen the capacity of BRICS and other emerging markets and developing countries to finance infrastructure and sustainable development projects. We look forward to the completion of preparations by the Board of Directors of the New Development Bank in order to reach a decision on bank expansion as soon as possible and in due course.

33. We also attach great importance to other key cooperation initiatives, including the BRICS Government and the working Group on Social Capital Cooperation and Infrastructure, which has advanced dialogue among the five countries in the area of infrastructure, including the G20 infrastructure agenda. The new development bank project reserve fund, the early launch of the first batch of projects will help to improve the effectiveness of the fund. We will also strengthen cooperation among multilateral development banks to enhance the representation of developing countries and emerging economies.

34. We note with satisfaction further initiatives to ensure that contingency reserve arrangements are readily available, and welcome the increased complexity of the decoupling component of emergency reserve arrangements, A second successful exercise, including early redemption, was conducted.

35. We note the progress made in the establishment of the BRICS Local currency Bond Fund and look forward to its operation. We support existing cooperation mechanisms to develop our local currency bond market. We will communicate closely on strengthening monetary cooperation based on the functions of our respective central banks.

36. We believe that the BRICS survey on international payment systems is very important.

37. We actively assess the progress made in the BRICS Economic Partnership Strategy, including in terms of innovative, sustainable and inclusive economic growth, It also looks forward to assessing progress under the Russian presidency of the BRICS countries in 2020. We appreciate the efforts of member States to promote the implementation of the BRICS Programme of Action for Economic and Trade Cooperation through activities such as promoting policy sharing, exchange of information, promoting trade and investment facilitation and conducting trade research. We welcome the conclusions of the BRICS Joint Trade study Review, which points to the potential of trade and investment among BRICS countries, and instructs our Ministers to continue to take action to support cooperation initiatives among member States.

38. We welcome the holding of the BRICS Business Forum. Endorsing the cooperation of the BRICS Business Council in the areas of infrastructure, manufacturing, energy, agriculture and biotechnology, financial services, regional aviation, technical standards docking, skills development and the digital economy, And efforts to promote trade and investment among members.

39. We welcome the establishment of the BRICS Women's Business Alliance, which aims to enhance the role of women as drivers of economic growth, contribute to the economic empowerment of women in member States, and provide unique insights on issues of concern to the business community of the BRICS countries. The agenda working methods and other matters related to the functions of the Alliance will be determined by the members of the Alliance. We look forward to each country electing five members and holding the first meeting of the Alliance as soon as possible in 2020.

40. We call on the Women's Business Federation and the BRICS Business Council to actively cooperate, strengthen coordination in order to promote each other, and strengthen women's participation in all BRICS business initiatives, including the BRICS Business Council.

Regional hot issues

41. We reaffirm our commitment to work together for the peaceful settlement of disputes through political and diplomatic means and recognize that the United Nations Security Council has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of world peace and security.

42. With regard to the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, we reaffirm our firm commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of Syria. We firmly believe that military means cannot resolve the Syrian conflict. We also reaffirm our commitment to advancing the "Syrian-led, Syrian-owned" United Nations-supported political process in accordance with United Nations Security Council resolution 2254 (2015). We express our support for the establishment of the Constitutional Council under the efforts of the United Nations, the Astana guarantors and all States that promote a political settlement of the Syrian conflict. We call on all parties to ensure unhindered access to humanitarian assistance and the full implementation of a lasting ceasefire in the Idlib region, but not to terrorist organizations and entities listed by the Council. We reaffirm our international responsibility to combat terrorism in all its forms and stress the importance of uniting in the fight against Syrian terrorist organizations listed by the Council. We are concerned about the suffering suffered by vulnerable ethnic and religious groups, ethnic and religious minorities. We are deeply concerned about the humanitarian situation in Syria and the risk of the movement of terrorists. We urge all parties to assist in the unconditional delivery of humanitarian aid to all people throughout Syria. Taking into account the need to protect civilians throughout Syria in accordance with international human rights and humanitarian law, we welcome efforts to alleviate the crisis in north-eastern Syria, in particular the memorandum of understanding signed by Russia and Turkey on 22 October.

43. We reiterate our concern about the ongoing conflict and major humanitarian crisis in the Republic of Yemen and call on all parties to achieve rapid, safe and undisturbed access to humanitarian personnel and supplies throughout Yemen. Recognizing the significant impact of the conflict in Yemen on regional security and stability, we reaffirm our support for the Stockholm process and the efforts of the United Nations to achieve a peaceful settlement of the conflict led by the Yemeni people and supported by the United Nations.

44. We agree that conflicts in other parts of the Middle East and North Africa should not be an excuse to obstruct the settlement of the protracted Palestinian-Israeli conflict. Within the existing international frameworks, such as the relevant United Nations resolutions, the Madrid principles and the Arab Peace Initiative, we reaffirm that the two-State solution enables the Israeli people to live in peace and security with the Palestinian people. On this basis, we believe that it is necessary to adopt new and creative diplomatic efforts to achieve a just and comprehensive settlement of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and peace and stability in the Middle East.

45. We are deeply concerned about the continuation of the crisis in the Gulf region, including the unilateral actions taken, and reiterate our support for the resolution of existing differences through negotiations and diplomatic contacts. We stress the need to promote a positive and constructive agenda in the region so that countries can work together to address common threats and challenges. We emphasize the obligation of States members of the United Nations to accept and implement the decisions of the Council in accordance with Article 25 of the Charter of the United Nations.

46. We reaffirm our support for the efforts of the Afghan people to build a stable, inclusive, peaceful and prosperous country. We firmly believe that there is no military solution to the Afghan problem. We reaffirm our support for a peace and reconciliation process that is "owned and led by the Albanian people". We express our concern about the continued occurrence of terrorist-related attacks.

47. We reiterate our support for the peaceful, diplomatic and political settlement of the Korean Peninsula issue and the complete denuclearization of the peninsula. We stress the importance of maintaining peace and stability in Northeast Asia.

48. We appreciate the efforts of the African Union and African subregional organizations to resolve regional problems, manage regional conflicts and maintain peace and security on the African continent, and reaffirm the importance of cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union. We urge all parties to immediately cease all military operations in Libya and to cooperate with the United Nations, the African Union High-level Committee on Libya and relevant stakeholders to ensure the adoption of a "benefit-led, people-owned" political process, To achieve a comprehensive and lasting solution to the Libyan issue.

49. We congratulate the people of the Sudan on the signing of the political Agreement and the Constitutional Declaration in Khartoum on 17 August 2019, which we consider to be an important step towards stabilizing the political situation in the Sudan. We recognize the efforts of the African Union and the Government of Ethiopia whose good offices have contributed to the outcome of the negotiations.

BRICS practical cooperation

50. We welcome the formal meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the BRICS countries held by Brazil in Rio de Janeiro on 26 July 2019. The foreign ministers exchanged views on major international political, security, economic and financial issues of common concern and how to strengthen BRICS cooperation. We also welcome the convening of the meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the BRICS countries during the 74th session of the United Nations General Assembly, which is an important platform for us to continue to strengthen cooperation in areas of common interest.

51. We welcome the ninth meeting of BRICS High Representatives for Security, held in October 2019, and appreciate the enhanced dialogue among the High Representatives on counter-terrorism, cybersecurity, major international and regional hotspots, peacekeeping and transnational organized crime.

52. We emphasize that scientific and technological innovation is the main driving force of economic growth and a key element in shaping the future society. We welcome the results and cooperation initiatives of the seventh BRICS Ministers' meeting on Science, Technology and Innovation. These results and initiatives have led to closer cooperation among researchers young scientists and government agencies in the five countries as well as closer links to our innovation systems. We are satisfied with the implementation of the BRICS Innovation Cooperation Action Plan, such as the "Innovation BRICS" network. We welcome the adoption of the new BRICS cooperation framework, which will streamline and strengthen the S & T cooperation projects of the five countries under the guidance of the BRICS Science and Technology Innovation steering Committee.

53. We welcome the outcome of the Fifth BRICS meeting of Ministers of Communications. We will continue to strengthen cooperation in joint projects among BRICS countries, create new opportunities for cooperation and expand and strengthen existing partnerships, including taking the necessary action to establish the Digital BRICS working Group at an early date. We note with satisfaction the results of the first BRICS Future Network Research Institute Board meeting.

54. We recognize that the new industrial revolution is a vital development opportunity from which all countries should benefit equally, and we are aware of the challenges it poses. We note with satisfaction the progress made in implementing the decision of the leaders' Johannesburg meeting to launch the full operationalization of the BRICS New Industrial Revolution Partnership. We also welcome the adoption of the New Industrial Revolution Partnership work Plan and the responsibilities of the New Industrial Revolution Partnership Advisory Group. In accordance with the work plan adopted at the second BRICS Partnership for the New Industrial Revolution Advisory Group meeting held in Brazil in September 2019, we will continue to carry out mutually beneficial cooperation projects in the six areas of cooperation identified in the work plan. These include the establishment of BRICS industrial parks and science and technology parks, innovation centres, technology business incubators and business networks.

55. We take note of the progress made in the consultations on the BRICS remote Sensing Satellite Constellation Cooperation Agreement and look forward to the early completion of the consultations.

56. We recognize the key role of energy in promoting social and economic development and environmental protection. Recognizing that the energy transformation of each country varies from country to country, we stress the importance of ensuring that people have access to clean, sustainable and affordable energy. In this regard energy diversification is essential for achieving energy security. To that end, we are committed to the continued efficient use of fossil fuels and to increasing the share of renewable energy sources, including biofuels, hydropower, solar and wind energy, in our economies. We welcome the ongoing cooperation between the five countries in the field of energy. We welcome the approval of the fourth meeting of Energy Ministers in Brasilia and the working Charter of the BRICS platform for Cooperation on Energy Research, which will facilitate an in-depth exchange of views and best practices and further advance our cooperation. Make a significant contribution to global energy research.

57. We welcome the holding of the ninth meeting of BRICS Ministers of Health and the joint research programme on tuberculosis developed by the BRICS Tuberculosis Research Network in 2019, The plan aims to reduce the burden of tuberculosis by supporting research projects on a wide range of issues related to tuberculosis and promoting new science, technology and innovative approaches. We also welcome the BRICS Milk Bank Network initiative launched at the first Human Milk Bank Seminar. We emphasize that joint action by countries to promote the research and development of drugs and diagnostic tools and to improve access to safe, effective, high-quality and affordable essential medicines is essential for curbing communicable diseases and strengthening the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases.

58. We welcome the outcome of the meetings of BRICS finance ministers and central bank governors held during the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in April and October. We note with satisfaction the progress of BRICS financial cooperation. We stress that strengthening BRICS financial cooperation is very important to better serve the real economy and meet the development needs of the BRICS people.

59. We take note of the progress made by the BRICS customs departments in the consultations on the draft Agreement on Mutual Administrative Assistance in BRICS Customs and instruct the relevant departments to strive for the early signing and entry into force of the Agreement. We welcome the significant progress made in the implementation of the BRICS Strategic Framework for Customs Cooperation, particularly with regard to certified operator projects. The project, which includes regulatory mutual recognition and operator mutual recognition, should be operational by the end of 2022. We take note of the positive practice of establishing BRICS customs training centres and instruct the relevant departments to continue such cooperation in the future. Recognizing the potential of the BRICS Customs Cooperation Committee, we call on BRICS countries to strengthen cooperation in the areas of trade facilitation, law enforcement, advanced information technology applications and capacity-building within the relevant multilateral framework.

60. We support efforts to promote trade and recognize that acts such as low invoicing have a negative impact on trade and industrial policies as well as taxation and should be addressed.

61. We commend the BRICS tax authorities for their support for the implementation of standards for tax transparency and the global exchange of information, as well as minimum standards for the action plan to prevent tax base erosion and profit transfer. We have always been committed to addressing the tax challenges posed by economic digitization. We look forward to further progress in the discussion of the two-pillar programme developed under the inclusive framework for tax base erosion and profit transfer. We welcome recent achievements in the area of tax transparency including progress in the automatic exchange of tax information. We call on all parties to sign and ratify the multilateral Convention on Mutual Assistance in tax Collection and Administration. We will continue to intensify our efforts to prevent the erosion of the tax base and the transfer of profits strengthen the exchange of tax information and build capacity in accordance with the needs of developing countries. We are committed to more in-depth exchange and sharing of experiences and best practices and to learning from each other in the area of tax collection and administration.

62. We appreciate the positive results achieved by the ninth BRICS Economic and Trade Ministers' meeting with the support of the Economic and Trade Liaison Group, as well as their cooperation in deepening BRICS investment, e-commerce, small and medium-sized enterprises, and other fields. And work with BRICS intellectual property authorities in the field of intellectual property rights. We also welcome the signing of the Memorandum of understanding on Cooperation between BRICS Trade and Investment Promotion agencies.

63. We support the consensus of BRICS Ministers of economy and Trade on the need for decisive and coordinated global action to promote economic growth. Promoting trade is conducive to global economic growth, but the global economic demand is insufficient and more growth points are needed. Examples include investment in infrastructure, including digital infrastructure, skills training for young people, sustainable investment, investment in local basic public services and investment in areas with high growth potential, including the African continent.

64. We reaffirm our determination to combat corruption, in particular through the appropriate improvement of domestic laws to more effectively investigate and deal with corruption cases. We are committed to adopting standards of integrity in the public sector and promoting standards of integrity in the private sector, thereby creating a stronger atmosphere of zero tolerance for corruption around the world. We will continue our efforts in the areas of anti-corruption law enforcement cooperation and the return of assets through civil and administrative means. We will make full use of the BRICS expert Network meeting on Asset return to strengthen exchange of experiences and case-by-case cooperation on asset return among BRICS countries. We will strengthen exchanges within the multilateral frameworks of the United Nations Convention against Corruption and the G-20 Anti-Corruption working Group, and join hands in denying safe havens for corrupt persons and assets, thereby promoting the return of proceeds of crime.

65. We recognize the outcome of the Fifth BRICS meeting of Ministers of the Environment on the theme "contribution of urban environmental management to the improvement of the quality of urban life". We stress the importance of the BRICS Environmental Cooperation Initiative in improving the quality of life in our cities, This includes the sharing of knowledge and experience on important issues such as waste management, circular economy, sustainable consumption and production, sanitation and water quality, urban air quality and urban green space. We welcome Russia's proposal to include addressing marine waste in the BRICS clean rivers project.

66. We welcome the results of the Ninth BRICS meeting of Ministers of Agriculture. As the world's leading agricultural producer and populous country, we stress the importance of BRICS agricultural cooperation. We recognize the importance of science-based agriculture and the application of ICT to agriculture to that end. We stress the need for BRICS countries to ensure the achievement of the goals of food security, food security, addressing malnutrition, hunger and poverty through increased agricultural production and productivity, sustainable management of natural resources and agricultural trade.

67. We welcome the outcome of the Fifth BRICS meeting of Ministers of Labour and Employment on the theme "BRICS countries: economic growth for an innovative future". We note that globalization technological innovation demographic change and other phenomena drive the transformation of the labour market and the opportunities and challenges it brings. We note with satisfaction the progress made by the BRICS countries in cooperation in the areas of future work, high-quality and productive employment, sustainable social security systems, and labour market data exchange. We stress the need for labour markets to become more adaptable and inclusive.

68. We recognize the important role of cultural cooperation in enhancing mutual understanding among peoples. We welcome the outcome of the fourth BRICS meeting of Ministers of Culture and the efforts made by ministers to further strengthen cultural exchanges among the five countries. We look forward to further cooperation in the field of culture, including the implementation of initiatives such as BRICS co-production and film production. We appreciate the holding of the fourth BRICS Film Festival.

69. We reaffirm the importance of BRICS people-to-people exchanges in enhancing mutual understanding and promoting friendship and cooperation among the peoples of the five countries. We express our satisfaction with the series of meetings and activities held by the BRICS countries in the fields of culture, governance, arts, sports, media, film, youth and academic exchanges.

70. We welcome the exchanges and cooperation among the parliaments of the BRICS countries and note with satisfaction the BRICS Parliamentary Forum held during the Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union in October. We recognize the importance of parliamentary cooperation in strengthening the BRICS partnership.

71. We take note of the holding of the BRICS High-level Forum on Justice. This has contributed to the exchange of experiences among BRICS countries on good practices in the modernization of the judicial system.

72. Russia, India, China and South Africa appreciate the work of the Brazilian presidency of the BRICS countries in 2019 and express their gratitude to the Government and people of Brazil for hosting the 11th BRICS leaders' meeting in Brasilia.

Brazil, India, China and South Africa will fully support the Russian presidency of the BRICS countries in 2020 and host the 12th BRICS leaders' meeting in St. Petersburg.



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With the advent of winter in the north, this time, we report a shift in perspective to heating. Around this theme, we have carried out a series of research. From state ministries to families, from local governments to enterprises, we find that a small...



The size of China's air transport fleet will exceed 9000 by 2038
"the size of China's air transport fleet is expected to reach 9401 by 2038, about 2.6 times the 3639 in 2018." This is the reporter from the China Aviation Industry Group Co., Ltd. released on the 14th, "2019-2038 civil aircraft China Market Forecast...