"Social Enterprise Alliance" revitalizes the "White economy" in the Western Countryside
Urumqi, 15 Nov (Xinhua) the title: "Alliance of Societies and Enterprises" Revitalizing the "White economy" in the Western Countryside
Xinhua News Agency reporters Li Zhihao and Guan Qiao
In Shawan County, a well-known cotton-producing county in Xinjiang, the reporter saw some new bright spots in the development of the cotton industry, and a reform of the cotton industry is also under way.
Shawan County, which is located in the economic belt on the north slope of Tianshan Mountain, is a well-known cotton-producing county in Xinjiang. Cotton planting area has been stable at about 1.5 million mu over the years, cotton this "white economy" contributed to half of the net income of local farmers and herdsmen. As a national cotton production protection zone, Xinjiang cotton supply-side structural reform pilot county, this year, the local cotton planting area reached 1.8 million mu.
So far, the vast majority of cotton fields north of Tianshan that used to be "white waves" have been harvested. In Shawan County, for example, most cotton pickers have been transferred to southern Xinjiang to pick, only a small number of cotton pickers are still running in the field, stepping up the completion of the last batch of harvesting.
In the village of Xiabahu in the town of Sidaohezi, the reporter saw that the cotton harvest here had all been completed. Zhu Xilin, a villager in this village and a member of the farmers' planting cooperative, told reporters that through the land consolidation and land circulation work vigorously promoted by the whole county a few years ago, six of the 10,000 mu of arable land in the village have joined the cooperatives.
Jiang he, assistant chairman of the cooperative, told reporters that at present, the 6100 mu of land for Xiabahu Village to join the cooperative is basically a continuous piece of land, which provides an important prerequisite for the whole mechanized operation of cotton from planting to harvesting. It was precisely because of the replacement of broken fields with Daejeon that members were able to raise about 6 million yuan in the world's most advanced cotton picker in 2018.
Over the past two years, with this large machinery alone, the cotton fields of the whole cooperative have been harvested in about half a month, saving several times more time than manual picking in the past.
Compared with other models of cotton pickers, the new machine is not only more efficient, but also, more importantly, the quality of cotton harvested. Jiang he introduced that because the new machinery can compress and pack cotton while harvesting cotton, it eliminates the process of unloading cotton at the ground and centralizing loading, avoids mixing impurities in the field into cotton, and greatly improves the quality of cotton. It also eliminates a lot of risks in production safety.
Moderate scale is an important foundation of modern agriculture. After engaging in cooperative management, Jiang he had a deep experience of this. Cotton planting in various parts of Xinjiang has been much more, and its quality has hovered at the middle and low end for a long time. Cotton farmers are mostly in a weak position in the face of downstream rolling mills.
Through the way of cooperatives, the cultivation of Xiabahu Village has achieved a unified standard on a large scale, which can drive the delivery of 300000 tons of seed cotton per year, which is already 1/3 of the annual processing volume of a flower rolling factory. "now the gin factory will come to us on its own initiative, and the price is higher than that of retail investors."
Through the way of cooperatives, to achieve large-scale production, so as to strive for bargaining power in the industrial chain, is the current direction of Shawan County farmers.
At present, there are 896 agricultural planting cooperatives and 52 agricultural machinery cooperatives in Shawan County. However, in the view of Han Bo, head of the Hongji Agricultural Machinery Service Professional Cooperative in Shawan County, it is not enough to further improve the added value of agricultural products and strive for more interests for farmers.
As the most important high-quality cotton industrial area in China, the cotton produced in Xinjiang accounts for 80% of the total national output, but compared with the cotton in the United States and Australia, there is still a large gap between the cost and quality of cotton in Xinjiang.
In 2016, Xinjiang identified five counties and cities, including Shawan County, as pilot structural reforms on the supply side of cotton. In order to produce good cotton in China, we must make changes in the whole industrial chain.
In 2017, Shawan brought 300000 mu of cotton fields into the pilot of supply-side structural reform. At the same time, on the basis of cooperatives, cross-industry and cross-industry forms to form a United society, the development of social enterprise alliance, has set up agricultural machinery association, agricultural machinery operation service companies and other business entities 53.
It is precisely under the impetus of these new business entities, Precision agriculture technology, super-power tractor, plasma spray machine, agricultural machinery operation remote monitoring system, satellite navigation autopilot technology, UAV plant protection and other cutting-edge agricultural machinery information technology and equipment have been applied in the agricultural production of the whole county.
As the county's famous "agricultural machinery king" for many years, Han Bo has taken a big step from "single athlete" to "all-around athlete" in recent years. His cooperatives have joined forces with a number of planting cooperatives and agricultural machinery cooperatives in the county, and have jointly set up the Union of Agricultural Jinyue Cooperatives, with the aim of sharing each other's resources and further expanding the scale of planting and agricultural machinery. At the same time, modern agricultural machinery and high-level agronomy for deep integration.
During this year's harvest season, through the construction of the big data platform, Han Bo's United Society has been able to monitor and schedule field operations, operating area, quality, geographical location and production safety through mobile App and command platform.
For a long time, cotton farmers in China have sold cotton (seed cotton) directly to the rolling mill, and the cotton is disseeded from the rolling mill into lint cotton, which is then sold to textile enterprises. Because only seed cotton is sold, cotton farmers generally weight rather than quality, it is difficult to perceive the demand of the market, but also fundamentally lead to the quality of cotton in China.
Now, 11 other cooperatives owned by Hanbo and the Associated Press are preparing to set up a new cotton processing enterprise of their own. Han Bo is ambitious, has a field, modern agricultural machinery and efficient management mechanism, and then set up its own processing enterprises, on this basis to establish a social enterprise alliance, and then open up many links in the cotton industry chain.
With regard to this effort, Hu Hongwei, another "leader" in the supply-side reform of the cotton industry in Shawan County, said that the social enterprise alliance is to help farmers sell lint, and only by directly docking the supply side on the demand side can the production end be forced to improve its quality. "good cotton in China is not a dream."