At present, 275 laws in force in China
Xinhua News Agency, Kunming, 15 Nov (Reporter Yang Weihan) the reporter learned from the 25th National Symposium on Local Legislative work held in Kunming a few days ago that there are currently 275 laws in force in China, of which 1 is the Constitution. There are 44 constitutional laws, 34 civil and commercial laws, 89 administrative laws, 71 economic laws, 24 social laws, 1 criminal law and 11 litigation and non-procedural laws.
It is understood that by the end of October 2019, the 13th National people's Congress and its standing Committee had adopted constitutional amendments, enacted 13 laws, amended 60 laws, and adopted 18 decisions on legal and major issues. The 12 bills being examined by the standing Committee of the National people's Congress show the characteristics of heavier weight, faster pace and higher requirements in the legislative work.
Shen Chunyao, chairman of the legal work Committee of the NPC standing Committee, said that the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics with the Constitution as the core is a whole, which mainly includes the levels of laws, administrative regulations, and local laws and regulations. These three specification levels. In recent years, with the in-depth promotion of the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, the standing Committee of the National people's Congress has stepped up the intensity and speed of law revision, some in an all-round way and some in part. There are many through the packaging modification way to carry on the overall modification.
"many of the changes to the law involve issues that require the complementary implementation of local laws and regulations." Shen Chunyao said: amending and perfecting local laws and regulations and following up national legislation in a timely manner is an inevitable requirement for implementing the socialist rule of law and perfecting the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics with the Constitution at the core. It is also the inherent requirement for the work of the National people's Congress to form an overall joint force and enhance the overall effectiveness.
Filing and examination is an important work of the people's congresses at all levels. Starting from 2017, the standing Committee of the National people's Congress (NPC) has listened to and examined reports on the work of record review at the standing Committee meeting in December for two consecutive years.
It is understood that the filing and examination of local people's congresses will focus on two tasks: first, to establish and improve the information platform for filing and examination, to connect the upper and lower levels as soon as possible, and to strive to institutionalize, standardize, digitize, and intelligentize the work of filing and examination; Second, we will promote the system of reporting on record and examination work to ensure that the standing Committee of the National people's Congress performs its duties in accordance with the. At present, the standing committees of the 31 provincial, autonomous regions, and municipal people's congresses have implemented special reports this year.