China will actively develop the New Mode of consumption new business type
The National Development and Reform Commission gave a briefing on the current macroeconomic operation.
China will actively develop the New Mode of consumption new business type
On November 15, the National Development and Reform Commission held a press conference to release the macroeconomic operation and answer questions from reporters. Meng Wei, deputy director of the Policy Research Office of the National Development and Reform Commission and spokesman for the State Council, said: in accordance with the decision-making arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, the National Development and Reform Commission, together with relevant departments, has actively carried out the work of ensuring the supply and price of pork. A series of policy measures have been introduced and implemented. Next, we will further do a good job in the implementation of policies and measures, and take many measures at the same time to ensure the basic stability of the market and the basic livelihood of the people in need will not be affected.
Do a good job in ensuring the supply and stable Price of Pork Market
From January to October, consumer prices in China rose by an average of 2.6% year-on-year, and the structural characteristics of rising food prices such as pork were obvious. Consumer prices rose 0.9 per cent in October from a month earlier, the same rate as the previous month, and 3.8 per cent year-on-year, 0.8 percentage points more than the previous month.
"the recent increase in CPI over the same period last year was mainly due to a marked rise in the prices of pork and its substitutes, driving overall food prices up 15.5 per cent year on year, contributing more than 80 per cent to the increase in CPI. Judging from the core CPI, which excludes food and energy prices, the rate of increase has been gradually declining since the beginning of the year, rising 1.5 per cent in October from a year earlier and an average of 1.7 per cent from January to October. " Meng Wei said that pork prices are related to the people's livelihood, and the next step will be to further implement policies and measures to ensure that the market is basically stable and that the basic livelihood of people in need will not be affected.
Continue to increase efforts to promote pig production. We will increase investment support from the central budget, support the construction of large-scale pig farms and pig breeding farms, expand the scope of implementation of the project on resource utilization of livestock and poultry manure, support the construction of animal and plant protection projects, and promote the stable production and supply of live pigs.
-- increasing the supply of meat through various channels. We will increase the production and supply of beef and mutton, poultry and eggs, and expand the import of substitutes such as pork and beef and mutton through various channels, so as to ensure that the overall meat protein market is basically adequate.
-- properly implement the release of frozen pork reserves. At present, the central and local governments have established a certain scale of frozen pork reserves, will choose the opportunity to put into the market to protect pork consumption demand.
-- the basic livelihood of the people. We will focus on the people in need, such as the minimum living standard in urban and rural areas, and guide the localities to start the price subsidy linkage mechanism in a timely manner in the light of rising prices, and issue temporary price subsidies in full.
-closely monitor forecast price changes. Study and judge the trend in the later stage, find out the emerging problems in time, and prevent and solve them. Cooperate with relevant departments to strengthen market supervision and maintain good market order.
There is still a lot of potential for consumption
"just in the past, the turnover of the major e-commerce companies has repeatedly hit record highs, and we can feel that a huge consumer boom is coming." Meng Wei said: the data show that the overall operation of China's consumer goods market has been stable so far this year.
From the total point of view, the basic role of consumption continues to appear. In the first three quarters of this year, the total volume of retail sales of consumer goods increased by 8.2% compared with the same period last year, and final consumer spending contributed 60.5% to economic growth. From a regional point of view, the growth rate of rural consumption is higher than that of urban consumption. In the first three quarters, retail sales of consumer goods in rural areas grew by about 1 percentage point faster than in cities and towns. From the channel point of view, the online consumption is obviously faster than the offline characteristics. In the first three quarters, online retail sales of physical goods increased by 20.5% over the same period last year, 12.3 percentage points higher than the total growth rate of retail sales of consumer goods.
"China has the advantage of a very large-scale market, coupled with the continuous application of new technologies and means, giving full play to the basic role of consumption in economic development still has great potential and space to tap." Meng Wei said: China will actively develop a new model of consumption of new business type.
From the perspective of new business type, industrial integration is used to promote new consumption. For example, in the integration of consumer goods industry and service industry, focus on the development of clothing, home and other areas of large-scale, personalized customization, as well as smart phones, home appliances, new terminals and other fields of full-chain intelligent ecological services. For example, in the key areas of consumer services and the integration of manufacturing innovation, we will focus on the development of high-end medical equipment such as surgical robots, medical imaging, and telemedicine, and carry out value-added services such as health management, exercise guides, and accurate care. Gradually realize the intellectualization of equipment and life.
-- from the perspective of the new model, we will expand consumption with the integration of online and offline. We will step up the digital transformation of education and training, medical care, old-age services, infant and child care, culture and entertainment, and sports events, and actively develop shared consumption, customized consumption, experience consumption, and "intelligence +" service consumption. At the same time, we should further improve the rural logistics infrastructure network, promote the special action of efficient distribution in urban and rural areas, and promote the high-quality development of rural e-commerce.
Meng Wei said that in effectively stabilizing consumption in traditional areas, on the one hand, it is necessary to stabilize the big heads of consumption such as cars. To break the restrictions on automobile consumption, explore the implementation of specific measures to gradually relax or cancel the restrictions on purchase, and promote the change from the policy of restricting the purchase of cars to the policy of guiding the use of cars; on the other hand, we should vigorously promote the renewal of consumption. We will focus on household appliances and consumer electronics, implement the extended producer responsibility system, improve the recycling and dismantling system of waste products, and improve the measures for scrapping and recycling of motor vehicles, ships and agricultural machinery.
It is very important to improve the consumer environment. The focus is on "improving quality" and "promoting experience," Meng said. In line with the trend of upgrading consumer consumption, we will comprehensively enhance the competitiveness of China's products and services, strengthen the construction of the service industry standard system, promote the construction of an important product traceability system, and fully open channels for safeguarding consumers' rights. We will actively promote good experiences and good practices in promoting consumption in various localities.
The gradual Construction of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area's "1XN" Planning system
In February this year, the outline of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area Development Plan was issued, defining the overall requirements and key tasks for the construction of the Dawan area. Meng Wei said: in accordance with the decision-making arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, the National Development and Reform Commission, together with Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macao, and relevant departments, has made positive progress in promoting the construction of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area in an orderly manner. At present, the National Development and Reform Commission, in conjunction with and organizing relevant parties, is stepping up efforts to promote infrastructure connectivity, ecological and environmental protection, industrial development, inter-city railway, and other special planning work, and the planning system of "1 million N" is gradually built.
The construction of the International Science and Technology Innovation Center was promoted in an orderly manner. The framework for the construction of the "two corridors" and "two points" of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area International Science and Technology Innovation Center has been gradually built, and the cooperative school-running project of the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in Nansha New area of Guangzhou has been approved and construction has officially begun. The Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Hong Kong Special Administrative region signed the Memorandum of understanding on the Establishment of affiliated institutions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Hong Kong to jointly promote the construction of the Hong Kong Institute of Innovation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. A number of major scientific and technological infrastructure construction has begun, such as high-current heavy ion accelerators, material genomes, brain analysis and brain simulation, and so on. Hong Kong and Macao scientific research institutions and personnel can share the use of major scientific and technological infrastructure and large-scale scientific research equipment.
Infrastructure connectivity has been continuously strengthened. Nansha Bridge was successfully opened to traffic, and the construction of the Shenzhen-Zhong passageway was promoted in an orderly manner. The construction of Jiangxi-Shenzhen-Guangzhou-Shantou high-speed railway has been accelerated, the construction of Guangzhan high-speed railway has started, and the preliminary work of key projects such as Shenjiang section and Shenhui intercity of Shenmao railway has been carried out steadily. Shenzhen airport three runways approved construction, Huizhou airport terminal, cargo area and apron expansion project began. Huanggang Port renovation project started, Guangdong and Macao New Corridor (Qingmao Port) joint inspection building Zhuhai side customs inspection and supporting areas have been capped.
Suitable for living and traveling to speed up the creation of the high-quality life circle. To issue and implement the implementation Plan for strengthening the Construction of Innovation and Entrepreneurship bases for Young people in Hong Kong and Macao, bringing Hong Kong and Macao entrepreneurs into the scope of local entrepreneurial subsidies. The introduction of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area personal income tax preferential policy, Guangdong Province formulated implementation rules, in the Pearl River Delta 9 cities working in Hong Kong and Macao high-end talent and shortage of talent will enjoy preferential tax policy.
"in the next step, we will, in conjunction with the relevant parties, actively and steadily promote the implementation of major policies and key tasks related to Hong Kong and Macao." Meng Wei said. (reporter Xiong Li)