The income growth rate of rural residents in poor areas outpaces that of the whole country
Wages, transfers and property income are all growing rapidly
The income growth rate of rural residents in poor areas outpaces that of the whole country
On November 12, the National Bureau of Statistics released the income of rural residents in poor areas in the first three quarters of 2019. The latest data show that the per capita disposable income of rural residents in poor areas in the first three quarters was 8163 yuan, an increase of 10.8 percent over the same period last year. After deducting the influence of price factors, the real growth rate was 8.0 percent, and the real growth rate was 1.6 percentage points faster than that of rural areas throughout the country.
2019 is a key year to win the battle against poverty. Analysts pointed out that under the continuous role of various policies, the income of rural residents in poor areas has achieved relatively rapid growth, on the one hand, it is conducive to winning the battle to get rid of poverty in an all-round way and effectively improving the livelihood of the people. On the other hand, it is also conducive to further promoting China's economy to maintain strong domestic demand.
Three characteristics release positive signals
In the first three quarters of 2019, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in poor areas grew faster than that of rural residents and faster than that of rural residents.
According to Wu Wei, chief statistician of the Household Survey Office of the National Bureau of Statistics, the income of rural residents in poor areas shows three major structural characteristics:
First, the three incomes of wages, transfer and property have maintained relatively rapid growth. In the first three quarters, the per capita wage income of rural residents in poor areas was 3159 yuan, an increase of 12.2 percent, 2.8 percentage points faster than that of the whole country, and the contribution rate to the increase in income of rural residents in poor areas was 43.3 percent. The rapid growth of wage income is mainly due to the increase in the number of rural migrant workers in the central and western regions, and the steady increase in the average monthly income. At the same time, the per capita transfer net income of rural residents in poor areas was 2569 yuan, an increase of 12.7 percent, and the transfer income of pensions, social relief and subsidies, policy subsidies for farmers, policy living subsidies, and reimbursement for medical expenses increased rapidly.
Second, the growth of net operating income has been accelerated. In the first three quarters, the per capita operating net income of rural residents in poor areas was 2308 yuan, an increase of 6.8 percent, an increase of 1.3 percentage points over the same period last year, and the contribution rate to the increase in income of rural residents in poor areas was 18.6 percent. Among them, the infrastructure and living environment in poor areas continued to improve, rural residents engaged in wholesale and retail, accommodation, catering and other service work opportunities increased, the net income of per capita three-industry operation was 870 yuan, an increase of 11.2%.
Third, the incomes of rural residents in poverty-stricken areas and key counties in the state's poverty alleviation and development work have maintained rapid growth. In the first three quarters, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in poverty-stricken areas was 7940 yuan, an increase of 758 yuan over the same period last year. After deducting the impact of price factors, the real increase was 7.7%, 1.3 percentage points faster than that in rural areas throughout the country. The per capita disposable income of rural residents in key counties of the state's poverty alleviation and development work was 8108 yuan, an increase of 809 yuan over the same period last year, an increase of 8.3 percent in real terms, 1.9 percentage points faster than in rural areas throughout the country.
Multi-pronged approach to increase income
"whether it is an industrial poverty alleviation policy aimed at promoting the sale and added value of agricultural products in poor rural areas, an employment support policy that promotes the employment and income of the labor force in poor rural areas, or a transfer payment policy skewed to poor rural areas, Both help to raise the income of residents in poor rural areas. From the point of view of the data, the income of rural residents in poor areas has shown relatively rapid growth and even outperformed the whole country, fully reflecting that the poverty alleviation policy has achieved good results. " Li Guoxiang, a researcher at the Institute of Rural Development of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said in an interview with this reporter.
In practice, various localities in the process of poverty alleviation can be described as "each showing magical powers." In Chongqing, Beijing bytebeat Technology Co., Ltd., through industrial carding, talent training, agricultural products promotion and other measures to help get rid of poverty, to help Wushan County sell "crisp Li" more than 230000 jin, driving 416 poor households to build files and cards to increase their income by 1.28 million yuan. In Lincang, Yunnan, China Eastern Airlines Group Co., Ltd. has opened a "poverty alleviation route", with an average fare of half of the market price, with an annual subsidy of more than 300 million yuan through the continuous transmission of people, logistics, information flow, capital flow and technology flow. Effectively change the local poverty situation; In Shandong, local science and technology departments have taken joint action to give full play to the role of science and technology ombudsmen, and organize the backbone of agricultural science and technology to carry out free technical training and guidance services around the technical needs of poor villages in the process of agricultural production. To increase the income of farmers in poor villages.
Helping the children of poor families to obtain employment has also become an important means of increasing income. For example, the China Development Bank recently held an "2020 Employment platform" offline job fair at Wuhan University to provide accurate employment docking for students with credit loans, especially for poor students in Hubei Province. The head of the Hubei Branch of the China Development Bank said that in recent years, CDB has issued a total of 6.3 billion yuan in student loans in Hubei, helping 430000 students from families with financial difficulties. "by helping poor students find jobs and consolidating the achievements of poverty alleviation through education, we can effectively block the intergenerational transmission of poverty." The person in charge said.
Continuous consolidation of the foundation of domestic demand
What does it mean for China's economy to increase the income of rural residents in poor areas? Experts generally believe that from a macro point of view, domestic demand is the most important observation dimension.
In the past "Singles Day" shopping festival, the exuberant consumer demand in the Chinese market has left a deep impression on many people. In the view of Zhao Ping, director of the International Trade Research Department of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, the level of urbanization is constantly improving, the income gap between urban and rural residents is narrowing, and middle-income groups contain a lot of new consumption demand. Will become a solid guarantee for the steady development of the consumer market. "in terms of purchasing power and willingness to consume, the growth rate in rural areas is higher than that in cities and towns, which is an important source of future consumption growth and a huge blue sea in the field of consumption upgrading." Zhao Ping said.
"generally speaking, the increase in the income of high-income residents will not affect their overall consumption expenditure, while the marginal propensity to consume of low-income residents is relatively large. Therefore, the increase in the income of rural residents in poor areas is obviously conducive to the improvement of domestic consumer demand. " Li Guoxiang said: there are income gaps between regions, industries, and groups, reflecting the imbalance in economic development. In the long run, to enable economic development to have stamina, we must rely on raising the income of rural residents in poor areas to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor, and then effectively boost domestic demand.
It is worth noting that not long ago, the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council announced the launch of a number of measures, such as "comprehensive investigation and solution of outstanding problems,"conquering the fortress of deep poverty,"consolidating achievements in getting rid of poverty, preventing returning to poverty,"preventing slackening after taking off the hat," and so on. Ensuring that we win the battle to get rid of poverty as scheduled will undoubtedly make it more sufficient for the income of rural residents in poor areas to continue to grow. (reporter Wang Junling)