Try your best to solve the outstanding problem of "two do not worry about three guarantees"
Beijing, 16 Nov (Xinhua)-- go to war to solve the outstanding problem of "two do not worry about three guarantees."
Xinhua News Agency reporter Hou Xuejing
This year, the fight against poverty has entered a critical period of tackling key problems and pulling out stockades. Recently, various ministries and commissions have carried out special rectification in response to the outstanding problems existing in the "two do not worry about three guarantees," and have issued a series of measures to ensure that they win the battle to extricate themselves from poverty as scheduled.
There are still weak links in the basic solution of "two do not worry" and "three guarantees".
The standard for lifting the rural poor out of poverty is the stable realization of "two do not worry about three guarantees," that is, no worries about food and clothing, and compulsory education, basic medical care, and housing security. It can be said that ensuring that all the poor people achieve "two without worrying about three guarantees" by 2020 is the basic requirement and core index for the poor to get out of poverty, and is directly related to the quality of the battle to get rid of poverty.
Since the beginning of the battle to get rid of poverty, the poor have basically solved the problem of "two things", and there are still some weak links in the "three guarantees."
In terms of compulsory education security, some poor families drop out of school at the stage of compulsory education, some township boarding schools are weak, and some left-behind children from poor families find it difficult to go to school.
In terms of basic medical security, some poor people do not participate in basic medical insurance, some poor people do not get timely treatment for common and chronic diseases, and medical facilities in poor counties and villages are weak. Some poor villages do not have clinics or qualified village doctors.
In terms of housing security, there are still some of the four key objects in the country (that is, poor households with archival cards, low-income households, scattered support for the poor in rural areas, and families with poor disabled people) who need to carry out the renovation of dilapidated houses. Some local agricultural houses did not carry out the identification of dangerous houses, or the identification is not accurate. The problem of drinking water safety for some poor people has not been solved. If these problems have not been better solved by 2020, it will directly affect the quality of poverty alleviation.
Grasp and control under the above rate
In view of the outstanding problems existing in the current "two do not worry about three guarantees". The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core should aim at the problem, focus on tackling it, and urge rectification.
The leading Group on Poverty Alleviation and Development under the State Council held a meeting to arrange arrangements and promote the implementation of the work. In June, the leading Group on Poverty Alleviation and Development under the State Council issued the guiding opinions on solving the outstanding problems of "two do not worry about three guarantees," clarifying the basic standards, objectives and tasks, and clarifying the division of responsibilities and work requirements.
In accordance with the arrangements of the leading Group on Poverty Alleviation and Development under the State Council, the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council has successively held three symposiums of directors of the National Poverty Alleviation Office and video work to
On this basis, various localities solidly carry out touch and discharge work, further check and fill gaps, approve and clarify, reconcile and write off numbers, and solve them one by one. In accordance with their respective functions, ministries and commissions have pushed forward the relevant work in depth and achieved phased results.
The Ministry of Education issued the work Plan on solving the prominent problem of ensuring compulsory Education for School-age Children of Poor families, and organized various localities to carry out in-depth verification and persuasion work. By the end of September, the verification found that the number of school-age children of poor families in 832 poor counties dropped out of school was 27000. The Ministry of Education has clearly and continuously promoted the special action to control the withdrawal of compulsory education.
-- the State Health and Health Commission issued the work Plan for solving the Outstanding problem of basic Medical Security for the Poor population, bringing all eligible hospitals in poor counties into the scope of support for the health security project for the whole people. We will continue to increase all-round support for health and poverty alleviation work in the "three districts and three states" deep poverty areas. As of 14 October, among the 832 poor counties in the country, 23 townships had no health centers, 897 administrative villages had no clinics, 556 township health centers had no qualified doctors, and 4993 administrative villages had no qualified village doctors.
-- the State Bureau of Medical Security, in conjunction with relevant departments, issued the "guidance on resolutely accomplishing the hard Task of lifting Medical Security out of Poverty" to make clear the hard task of lifting medical insurance out of poverty, so as to ensure that the poor should be guaranteed to the full and that all benefits should be implemented. By the end of June, 99.98 per cent of the poor had been insured by identity verification cards. Through the comprehensive protection of the triple system of basic medical treatment, serious illness insurance and medical assistance, and reducing the burden on the poor, the burden of seeking medical treatment for the poor has been effectively alleviated.
The Ministry of Housing and Construction has paid close attention to carrying out investigation and verification work to understand the tasks of renovating dilapidated houses of four key categories of key objects, namely, poor households, low-income households, rural residents who provide for the poor, and families of poor and disabled people. We will increase subsidies for the renovation of dilapidated houses for four categories of key objects in deep poverty-stricken areas, and support farmers other than the four categories of objects in deep poverty areas to carry out the renovation of dilapidated houses. Strengthen the supervision of construction process and completion acceptance to ensure the quality and safety of the project.
The Ministry of Water Resources has formulated the "work Programme to accelerate the solution of drinking Water Safety in Rural areas" and the "work Programme to accelerate the solution of drinking Water Safety for the Poor", with clear objectives, tasks, timetables and road maps. In advance, we issued the 13th five-year Plan to consolidate and upgrade the remaining central subsidy funds for rural drinking water safety, and regard rural drinking water as the number one project of water conservancy poverty alleviation. By the end of September, 84.8% of the annual tasks of the national rural drinking water safety consolidation and upgrading project had been completed, of which 862000 poor people had solved the problem of drinking water safety.
Try your best to attack the difficulties
According to the survey, there are more than 5.2 million people in various localities who have not yet solved the problem of "two without worrying about three guarantees" (including some of the general farmers outside the file card). By the end of August, more than 4.1 million people had been solved, and more than 1 million people remained unresolved. These more than 1 million people will be basically resolved by the end of this year.
In the next step, all departments will strengthen overall planning and coordination and actively promote the implementation of their work. For those who have not yet solved the problem of "two do not worry about three guarantees," they will launch a policy combination one after another, focusing on overcoming difficulties.
The Ministry of Education will further focus on solving the outstanding problem of ensuring compulsory education for children of poor families, make efforts at both ends of "controlling dropout" and "ensuring schooling," strengthen the ability to guarantee degrees, teaching, and financial aid, and implement policies for the classification of dropout students. Ensure that the task is completed on schedule.
The State Health and Health Commission will further promote the building of the capacity of county hospitals, the mechanism of "integration of counties and townships, and the integration of villages and villages" and the standardization of rural medical and health institutions, and basically eliminate the "blank spots" of rural medical and health institutions and personnel by the end of 2019. By 2020, the outstanding problems existing in the security of basic medical care will be solved in an all-round way.
-- the State Medical Security Bureau will closely focus on the goal of consolidating the poor and ensuring the full protection of the poor, guide all localities to continue to do a good job in the implementation of policies, and ensure that all policies and measures are effective on the ground.
The Ministry of Housing and Construction will continue to urge and guide all localities to speed up the implementation of the renovation of dilapidated houses in rural areas, so as to ensure that all construction will be started by the end of this year and completed by the end of June next year.
The Ministry of Water Resources will continue to focus on the target, make up for shortcomings, strengthen supervision, speed up project construction, step up verification, check gaps, and ensure that the problem of drinking water safety for the poor will be basically solved in 2019. The problem of drinking water safety for the poor will be solved by the end of June next year.