Great Progress in farmland Irrigation in the past 70 years in New China to ensure Food Security
Xinhua News Agency, Zhengzhou, 16 Nov (Reporter Dong Jun) since the founding of New China 70 years ago, the cause of farmland irrigation in China has made great progress, producing 3/4 of the country's grain output on the irrigated area, which accounts for about half of the country's cultivated land. It has also produced more than 90 percent of the country's economic crops, effectively ensuring the safety of China's grain and important agricultural products.
This is what the reporter learned at the 60th Anniversary academic Exchange meeting of the farmland Irrigation Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences held in Xinxiang City, Henan Province on the 16th.
Ni Wenjin, deputy director of the Department of Rural Water Conservancy and Hydropower of the Ministry of Water Resources, said at the meeting that at present, the effective irrigation area in the country has reached 1.02 billion mu, and the water-saving irrigation area has reached 540 million mu. In the past 40 years, with the increase of 300 million mu of irrigated area and the continuous improvement of irrigation guarantee rate, the irrigation water consumption has basically not increased, while the total grain output and per capita grain share have reached several levels one after another.
Among these brilliant achievements, there is the contribution of the farmland Irrigation Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. The institute is a state-level scientific research institution specializing in scientific and technological innovation and technical services for farmland irrigation and drainage. It was established in Beijing in 1959 and moved to Xinxiang City, Henan Province in 1963. It is now jointly led by the Ministry of Agriculture and Village and the Ministry of Water Resources.
For more than half a century, agricultural scientific and technological workers, including the farmland Irrigation Research Institute, have created the theory, technology, and new model of water conservancy and soil improvement in the battle for the comprehensive management of drought, flood and saline-alkali in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain. We will promote the realization of the historical miracle of the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain from the saline-alkali land to the "Central Plains Granary".
According to Director Huang Xiuqiao, since its establishment, the institute has received more than 200 scientific research achievements of all kinds, of which 12 achievements have been awarded state-level scientific and technological awards, and the direct economic benefits of the popularization and application of the achievements have reached more than 10 billion yuan. It is leading in the research of high efficiency water use of crops, new technology and equipment of irrigation and drainage, efficient utilization of rural water resources and water environment protection, improvement of medium and low yield fields and regional comprehensive management.
China is one of the most water-scarce countries in the world. Agricultural water-saving irrigation area accounts for only 45% of the effective irrigation area, and efficient water-saving irrigation techniques such as drip irrigation and sprinkler irrigation account for only 13.5% of the effective irrigation area. In response to this, Huang Xiuqiao said: in the future, we should vigorously promote the scientific and technological innovation and application of the green development of irrigated agriculture, and carry out coordinated innovation, demonstration, and shared utilization in the fields of irrigation and drainage, agricultural soil and water environment, and rural water ecological management. Support and serve the construction level of high-standard farmland and the development of modern agriculture and rural areas.