Let farmers drink safe water-obvious progress has been made in the special regulation of rural drinking water problem carried out by the Ministry of Water Resources
"in the past, it was not only laborious to carry water on the mountain road, but also the water was not clean. Now there is a centralized water supply station in the village. As soon as the faucet is twisted, you can eat clean water. " Villagers in Huoli Township, Butuo County, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, told reporters about the changes in their draught. Huoli Township is hidden in the towering mountains, draught is once a big problem. Not long ago, in accordance with the overall arrangement of the party group theme education of the Ministry of Water Resources, Vice Minister of Water Resources Tian Xuebin led a team to conduct field research in Liangshan Prefecture to promote the development of local rural drinking water work.
It is a real livelihood project to let the broad masses of farmers drink safe water. In July this year, the Central Education leading Group on the theme of "not forgetting the original ideals and aspirations and bearing in mind the Mission" made arrangements for carrying out special rectification to solve the problems existing in the normal use and daily maintenance of rural water supply facilities. The Ministry of Water Resources is specifically responsible for this. Up to now, the special rectification has made remarkable progress.
The leader leads the team, inspects the covert visit, walks the village to enter the household. Since the special regulation of thematic education, the Ministry of Water Resources has carried out a number of field studies on the theme of rural drinking water safety. Chen Mingzhong, director of the Department of Rural Water Conservancy and Hydropower of the Ministry of Water Resources, said: in recent years, great progress has been made in drinking water safety in rural areas. More than 11 million rural water supply projects have been built in China, with a centralized water supply rate of 86% and a tap water penetration rate of 81%. At the same time, the normal use and maintenance of rural water supply facilities is a prominent problem reflected by the masses. Rural water supply projects cover a wide range of points, accounting for more than 99% of the total number of water supply projects with less than 1,000 people. Most of these projects are located in mountainous, pastoral and remote areas, difficult to manage and protect, long-term low-standard operation and poor sustainability. The Ministry of Water Resources has made careful arrangements around the practical problems that can be solved during the period of thematic education and are of concern to the people.
Wide coverage and troubleshooting of problems. In August, the Ministry of Water Resources issued a circular on carrying out special rectification of rural drinking water problems, requiring all localities to check and correct themselves, and to report the progress of special rectification every half month. Ensure that tangible, measurable and perceptible results are achieved by the end of November. From August to September, the Ministry of Water Resources and relevant departments jointly carried out a "look back" survey on the drinking water situation of the poor, and carried out a net-pulling survey from village to household. At the same time, the Ministry of Water Resources gives full play to the strength of the masses and unblocked channels of supervision by the masses. Up to now, the Ministry of Water Resources, 30 provinces, more than 330 prefecture-level cities, more than 2700 counties (cities, districts) have opened rural drinking water supervision telephone.
Blade inward grasp implementation, rectification effect "look back." "We have set up a special rectification work group to clarify provincial liaison officers, communicate work arrangements in a timely manner, and exchange experiences and practices." Chen Mingzhong introduced that through telephone return visits, on-site secret visits, and other means to check the effectiveness of rectification and reform, and truly test the effectiveness of rectification and reform in various localities. According to incomplete statistics, through special rectification of thematic education, 1571 rural water supply projects with inadequate maintenance and maintenance have been found in various localities, 1065 have returned to normal water supply, and the beneficiary population has reached 838500.
The use and maintenance of rural water supply projects have not only the shortcomings of "congenital shortcomings", but also the dilemma of "acquired maintenance". The Ministry of Water Resources proposes to concentrate on solving difficult problems to ensure that rural water supply projects can give full play to their long-term and stable benefits. Solve the "congenital shortcomings" and change the weak foundation of water supply facilities and the low utilization rate of water supply facilities. We will promote the integration of urban and rural water supply, and achieve the same standard, security and service of rural water supply and urban water supply. For areas where the population is scattered and remote, overall planning and layout of rural water supply infrastructure shall be carried out in accordance with the strategic deployment of rural revitalization and village planning. In addition, large-scale engineering construction will be further promoted. In areas where the population is relatively concentrated, we will actively promote the construction of large-scale water supply projects with more than 10,000 people, and strive to increase the proportion of water supply population from 47% in 2018 to 50% in 2020.
Drink not only water, but also clean water. In order to let gurgling water into Wanjia, the Ministry of Water Resources, in conjunction with relevant departments, will continue to improve water quality as the top priority of drinking water safety in rural areas. Guide and urge all localities to be equipped with purification and disinfection equipment in accordance with the standard requirements, do a good job in maintenance, and ensure normal operation. Cooperate with the Ministry of Ecological Environment to promote the protection of the ecological environment of water sources, and work with the Commission of Health and Health to urge all localities to establish water quality inspection and monitoring systems for rural water supply, such as county-level water quality inspection centers, drinking water quality monitoring by health departments, and so on.
To solve the dilemma of "acquired maintenance", it is even more necessary to manage the construction of rural water supply projects. On the one hand, the Ministry of Water Resources continues to promote the reform of property rights, the introduction of market mechanism, the introduction of enterprise investment construction and operation. On the other hand, the project management mode should be established reasonably. The 10,000-person project carries out corporatization operation and professional management, and the 1000-person project implements professional management through the purchase of services by the government, the contracting of management rights, and so on. Projects with less than 1,000 people may be managed or entrusted by village committees, water cooperative organizations and water user associations, or in accordance with village rules and regulations to mobilize the enthusiasm of farmers to participate in water management and water conservation.
Make great efforts to grasp the "cow's nose" of water charges, and establish a reasonable water price formation and water charge collection mechanism. At the beginning of September, Minister of Water Resources E Jingping specially went to Gansu and Ningxia for investigation and study, held a meeting to promote the safety of rural drinking water, promoted the establishment of a paid water use mechanism in various localities, and carried out the collection of water charges in an all-round way. At present, Yunnan, Zhejiang and other provinces have held special meetings to vigorously promote the management and protection of rural drinking water projects and the collection of water charges. Efforts should be made to reduce costs, calculate costs, and set reasonable prices, so that the rural masses can use "rest assured water" and pay "understanding fees." (reporter Wang Hao)