The total grain output for the whole year will reach more than 1.3 trillion jin, continuing the good situation of bumper harvests in successive years-can grain production maintain its staying power?
Another bumper harvest year!
China's economic "three seasons" data show that the country's summer grain and early rice increased by 606000 tons compared with the same period last year. The current autumn grain harvest is nearing an end, and a bumper grain harvest across the country has become a foregone conclusion. The total grain output for the whole year is expected to reach more than 1.3 trillion jin, continuing the good situation of bumper harvests in successive years.
If you have grain in your hand, you will not panic in your heart. As General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed: "solving the problem of feeding more than a billion people has always been the top priority of our party's administration of the country." "the rice bowls of the Chinese people should be firmly in their hands at all times." Another bumper harvest in grain production this year has played an important basic supporting role in ensuring supply, stabilizing prices, benefiting people's livelihood, and increasing confidence, and has won the initiative for us to deal with various risks and challenges.
The "gold content" of total grain production is even higher this year.
The latest agricultural dispatching shows that as of November 14, the harvest in the north has basically come to an end, and the harvest of double cropping late rice in the south has been completed by 84.4%. This year, the total grain output of the whole country will be stable at more than 1.3 trillion jin for the fifth year in a row. "the same is 1.3 trillion jin, this year's' gold content'is different." Liu Lihua, deputy director of the Department of planting Management of the Ministry of Agriculture and villages, analyzed:
The structure is better. From "having enough to eat" to "eating well," structural reform on the supply side of agriculture has been pushed forward in depth, bringing up the few and good ones, so that the large and non-dominant ones can be reduced. Last year, the country reduced more than 8 million mu of rice and 4 million mu of corn in non-dominant areas, and this year it will continue to do so. Soybeans, potatoes, high-quality forage and other shortage varieties will be replenished, and the planting area of soybeans will be increased by 10 million mu this year. The addition and subtraction in the field, in exchange for a good hand in the layout of the industry, less ineffective supply and more effective supply.
Production is greener. This year, China continued to implement 30 million mu of cultivated land rotation fallow, with a negative growth in the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and the proportion of popularizing drug-saving technologies such as seed dressing and seed coating for wheat sowing was 87%, an increase of 2 percentage points over the previous year. The utilization rate of livestock and poultry manure resources throughout the country has exceeded 70%. Water-saving, fertilizer-saving, drug-saving and other green production methods have been widely popularized, and the ecological background of agriculture is becoming more and more distinct.
Farmers in the fields feel the most directly. "look at this stalk, green seed yellow, ripe!" Li Shiyu, a big grain grower in Lukou Town, Yingshang County, Anhui Province, sighed by standing on the edge of a water-saving and drought-resistant paddy field. The yield of this rice is not reduced, the quality of rice is better, and more than 50% of the irrigation water can be saved, which is really good.
The quality is higher. Although the sown area of summer grain has decreased slightly this year, the total output of summer grain has increased by 2.1 percent over the same period last year, thanks to a restorative increase in the per unit yield level. Market-oriented improvement of quality, the proportion of high-quality special wheat reached 33%, an increase of 3 percentage points over the previous year. In the first three quarters of this year, there were 11998 newly certified green food products, 3197 organic products and 255 geographical indications for agricultural products, bringing the total number of "three products" to more than 40, 000. Since the beginning of this year, the overall qualified rate of routine monitoring of the quality and safety of agricultural products has remained above 97%.
"since the 18th CPC National Congress, we have adhered to the national food security strategy of 'giving priority to ourselves, based on China, ensuring production capacity, moderate import, and scientific and technological support,' it can be said that China is in the best period of food security in history." Zhang Wufeng, director of the State Food and material Reserve Bureau, said.
"on the whole, China's grain supply capacity is guaranteed." Ye Xingqing, director of the Rural Economic Research Department of the Development Research Center of the State Council, analyzed that the total grain output has stabilized at more than 1.3 trillion jin for five consecutive years, indicating that the comprehensive production capacity has reached a new level. Per capita, at present, the per capita share of grain in China exceeds 940 jin, which is higher than the world average. Looking at the self-sufficiency rate, the self-sufficiency rate of the three major grains of rice, wheat and corn in China is maintained at more than 98%, ensuring that "grain is basically self-sufficient and grain rations are absolutely safe."
Grain production and demand will remain in a tight balance
With a bumper harvest in successive years and standing on the steps of 1.3 trillion jin, can we rest easy?
Li Guoxiang, a researcher at the Institute of Rural Development of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said: in the medium to long term, China's grain production and demand will still maintain a tight balance, and the string of ensuring national food security cannot be relaxed for a moment.
From the demand side, food demand shows a rigid growth trend. According to the National population Development Plan (2016-2030), population pressure on food supply persists. The Ministry of Agriculture and villages expects that industrial feed production and consumption will continue to increase in the next 10 years. It is not only a matter of total quantity, but with the escalation of consumption, people pursue to eat well, eat healthily and safely, and the structural demand for food is more diverse and diverse.
From the supply side, the constraints of resources and environment are becoming tighter, and the stage of agricultural supply exceeds demand and supply shortage coexists. China has raised nearly 1% of the world's population with 9% of the world's cultivated land and 6.4% of fresh water resources, but behind the sustained high yield, there are some problems such as over-exploitation of groundwater and thinning of black soil layer in some places. On the other hand, the cost of agricultural production is rising, and the question of "who will farm the land" is prominent, which brings new challenges to the improvement of the food supply system.
How do you solve the problem? In the new period, grain production has changed from increasing production to improving quality, and the transformation from "old kinetic energy" to "new kinetic energy" has been accelerated.
Grasp the relationship between quantity and quality, so that China's rice bowls are not short of grain and loaded with grain. We will stabilize cultivated land, ensure that the quantity and quality of 1.546 billion mu of permanent basic farmland do not decrease, build high-standard farmland, promote fallow cropping, and improve the quality of cultivated land by 1-2 grades. Science and technology increased grain yield per unit area, new varieties were constantly iterated, improved varieties, good methods, and good opportunities were matched, and the contribution rate of agricultural scientific and technological progress reached 58.3 percent. We pushed forward the reform of the management system. More than 2.21 million cooperatives radiated nearly half of the country's peasant households, more than 40% of the cultivated land was managed on a moderate scale, and more standardized technologies were settled in the fields. "the road of connotative development of grain production is getting wider and wider, and the capacity of effective supply is continuously enhanced." Ye Xingqing said.
-- properly handle the relationship between production and ecology, so as to make the grain harvest more sustainable. Get rid of the curse of resources, popularize comprehensive supporting technologies such as straw returning to the field, soil fertility and soil improvement, and popularize green technologies such as soil testing, formula fertilization and conservation tillage, so as to continuously "lose weight", "save medicine" and supplement "nutrition" for the land. By 2030, the effective utilization coefficient of irrigation water will be increased to more than 0.6, and the discharge intensity and load of nitrogen and phosphorus pollutants from agricultural sources will be reduced by more than 30% and 40%, respectively. Vast fields continue to accumulate new capabilities for sustainable grain development.
-- linking up the relationship between supply and demand to better meet the upgrading of consumption. Rice to eat green brand, bread to use high-quality high-gluten powder. Through the overall planning of grain production, reserve and circulation, we can strengthen the whole industrial chain, optimize the supply system, and achieve the dynamic balance of grain supply and demand at a higher level.
Fields grow reassuring food. "now that customers scan QR codes, they can see the whole process from planting to harvesting to processing. The quality is assured, and they are naturally willing to pay more." Yao Hongliang, chairman of Xinhe Organic Rice Cooperative in Yanshou County, Heilongjiang Province, said. In the whole country, the quality and safety traceability system of agricultural products has been continuously improved, and 37000 leading enterprises have led more and more agricultural products to achieve "good quality can be seen."
Every factory promotes the quality of grain. In Shandong Xiwang Group, from corn starch, edible glucose to crystalline fructose, corn oil, a corn into a series of high value-added health products, widely welcomed by consumers. To increase varieties, improve quality and create brands, by 2020, the national rate of high-quality grain will be increased by about 10 percentage points, and the conversion rate of grain processing will reach 88%.
Li Guoxiang said: on the supply side of grain production, we should speed up the transformation from "high yield" to "high quality and high yield," and strive to build a higher level, higher quality, and more sustainable food security system. "We have the conditions, the ability and the confidence to build a solid line of defense for national food security."
Store grain in the ground and grain in technology to ensure that it can be produced and supplied.
With the high level of operation in successive years, is there any stamina for grain production in the future?
"the foundation of food security is' capacity security 'and it is necessary to ensure that it can be produced and affordable at all times." Ye Xingqing believes.
To ensure the safety of production capacity, China's layout, sustained efforts.
Hide grain on the ground and firmly hold the red line of cultivated land.
"by building high-standard farmland and realizing'a thousand catties of grain in one season and tons of grain in two seasons', we can basically ensure a grain harvest, which is the number of our housekeepers." Han Changfu, minister of agriculture and villages, said. By 2022, 1 billion mu of high standard farmland will be built in China. At present, 640 million mu has been built, and the grain yield per mu has been increased by about 100kg. At the same time, China has designated 1.058 billion mu of functional areas for grain production and protected areas for the production of important agricultural products. After the "two districts" are completed, 95 per cent of grain rations and 90 per cent of grain consumption in China can be guaranteed.
-- storing grain in technology and enhancing grain production capacity.
The yield of the third generation of hybrid rice was measured for the first time a few days ago, and the yield per mu of 1046.3 kg fully demonstrated the great potential of grain production in China. Li Xinqi, person in charge of the project, said that at present, the average yield of rice per mu in China is about 500 kg, and the yield of the third generation of hybrid rice planted by ordinary farmers can reach 800 kg per mu.
Wang Xiudong, a researcher at the Institute of Agricultural Economics of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, said that as China strides forward from a major agricultural science and technology country in the world to a powerful country, there is still room for improvement in the land output rate. It is estimated that by increasing the household rate of agricultural technology, Grain yield per unit area can also be increased by more than 10%.
-- arousing enthusiasm and not letting grain growers suffer losses.
The central government has continuously strengthened a series of policies to strengthen farmers and benefit rich peasants: pay attention to the key points of grain, cancel the local matching of grain risk funds in the main producing areas, and reduce the burden on the main producing areas by nearly 30 billion yuan a year. We will establish a comprehensive reward policy system for major grain-producing counties, major oil-producing counties, and major seed production counties, so that heavy farmers will not suffer losses in grasping grain. We will stabilize grain and farmers, improve the policy of minimum purchase prices for rice and wheat, establish a "market-oriented purchase + producer subsidy" mechanism for corn and soybeans, and arrange 18 billion yuan of subsidy funds for agricultural machinery this year to effectively protect farmers' enthusiasm for production. Wang Xiudong believes that the next step is to step up efforts to implement clearly oriented policies and measures, strengthen accurate policies, and better stimulate the enthusiasm of grasping grain and growing grain.
"with a sufficient number of high-quality arable land, strong scientific and technological support, and a highly motivated team of growing grain and grasping grain, the granaries of large countries will certainly have a solid foundation, and our rice bowls will be able to hold on firmly." Li Guoxiang said. (reporter Gu Zhongyang Yu Jingxian GE Mengchao)