Summary: looking at the trend of Innovation in China from the Perspective of intellectual property report
Geneva, 17 Nov (Xinhua) A summary of China's innovation trend from the perspective of intellectual property rights report
Xinhua News Agency reporter Liu qu
The 2019 World intellectual property report, recently released by the World intellectual property Organization (WIPO), points out that global innovation activities are characterized by increasingly close cooperation and more internationalization, and are geographically concentrated in several hot countries. China is one of them.
The report points out that the locations of innovation activities are increasingly concentrated in hot spots in major cities in China, Germany, Japan, South Korea and the United States. Between 2015 and 2017, patents and scientific activities in about 30 major urban hotspots in the five countries accounted for 69 per cent of total patents and 48 per cent of scientific activities, respectively. Most international cooperation takes place in hot spots in big cities, of which the top 10 cities account for 26% of the total number of international cooperative inventions, including Shanghai and Beijing in China.
Carsten Fink, chief economist at WIPO, said the report identified hot cities in China as the main locations for innovation activities. For example, in terms of patent applications, Shenzhen-Hong Kong (Shenzhen-Hong Kong), Beijing and Shanghai are among the best in terms of technological inventions. In the global ranking of scientific publications, Beijing is the largest innovation hot city in the world, with Shanghai, Nanjing and Guangzhou among the top 25.
Fink stressed that the rise of Shenzhen and Hong Kong is particularly eye-catching. The share of patent applications from Shenzhen and Hong Kong in the total number of patent applications in China increased from 5 per cent in 2000 to 28 per cent in 2015, and the total number of patent applications in China has also been growing rapidly during this period.
"We can also observe how China's innovation hotspots [cities] are embedded in the global innovation network." Fink said. For example, in addition to the close cooperative relations between Shenzhen and Hong Kong, Beijing and Shanghai, they have also carried out extensive cooperation with many foreign hot cities. Especially San Francisco-San Jose area, Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Seattle and Tokyo.
At the press release of the report held earlier, Yin Deyun, a researcher at the WIPO Department of Economics and Statistics and one of the authors of the report, said that cooperation between China and foreign countries in scientific publications has been expanded and strengthened. Many of the results of basic scientific research are the product of international cooperation.
Yin Deyun said that the report also reflects a prominent feature of China's innovation activities. The data show that China's innovation cooperation with overseas has actually declined in the past few years, while innovation cooperation among hot spots in China has been growing steadily. This shows that with China's economic growth, the demand for innovation in domestic enterprises and markets is also increasing rapidly. "if you can find innovative cooperation projects or partners on your doorstep, why are companies looking all over the world?" Yin Deyun said.
According to Fink, all this shows that some parts of China's economy have transitioned from relying on relatively cheap labor and labor-intensive production to a model in which enterprises gain competitive advantage through innovation. This is important for China's future growth prospects.
"this is also good news for the international community. As we pointed out in our report it is becoming increasingly difficult to find solutions to common technical challenges. Richer and more diversified innovation prospects contribute to the continuous development of technological frontiers. " Fink said.
In the eyes of Francis Gao Rui, director-general of WIPO, this shift in China's economy has benefited from the great progress China has made in protecting intellectual property rights. In previous interviews, he said that China's past and present leadership has attached great importance to the role of intellectual property in innovation and the modern economy for decades. For example, the establishment of an intellectual property system, related infrastructure, legal basis, curriculum system on intellectual property rights and specialized courts, and so on. This is an experience worth learning from other countries.
According to the World intellectual property Index, an annual report released by WIPO in October this year, the number of applications for patents, trademarks and industrial designs reached a new high in 2018, with the largest number of patent and trademark applications in China. It has promoted the overall growth of demand for intellectual property rights. In addition, the 2019 Global Innovation Index, jointly released by WIPO and others in July, shows that China has maintained its upward trend for the fourth year in a row, ranking 14th, up three places from last year.