The rise of Central China is strong
Economic growth leads the quality of development
A positive trend towards the rise of the Central region
From east to west, even south to the north, Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei and Hunan provinces are located in the middle of the vast territory, like a "backbone".
In recent years, the development of the central region has made remarkable achievements-from the original "four major plates" in the western region, the northeast region, the central region and the eastern region to lead the economic growth rate, the momentum is strong, and the quality is improving.
"can the momentum of development in the central region be sustained? Can there be greater breakthroughs in advanced technology, key areas and key links? Can we get better and better on the road of high-quality development and speeding up the conversion of new and old kinetic energy? " "this' spine'in the central region should be a little harder, 'replenish calcium' and play a greater supporting role." ……
On 21 May, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over a forum on promoting the rise of the central region in Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province, cheering for the rise of the central region and pointing out the difficulties and challenges facing the central region. And point to the direction for the next step of the take-off in the central region.
Blow the new horn and set out in the middle.
From "made in Central China" to "made in Central China"
-promoting the high quality development of the manufacturing industry
Analysis of the central region, the comparative advantage is obvious: strong agricultural foundation, rich in energy and mineral resources, especially the deep accumulation of equipment manufacturing industry. The weakness is also obvious: the proportion of traditional industries is on the high side, and the vitality of innovation and development is insufficient. It is the best policy to develop one's strengths to make up for one's weaknesses.
"I have stressed many times that manufacturing is the foundation of building a country and the foundation of a strong country. Raising the level of independent innovation and firmly grasping the key core technologies in their own hands has a bearing on China's future and destiny. " At a forum on promoting the rise of the central region, General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward eight suggestions on how to do a good job in the rise of the central region, the first of which is to "promote the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry."
Quality change, efficiency change, power change, the central provinces actively integrated into the new round of science and technology and industrial revolution.
Hunan pays close attention to 20 emerging advantageous industrial chains, complementary chains, strong chains and extended chains. From Changsha High Speed Railway South Station to Huanghua Airport, reporters took the maglev train to experience a 100 km / h "close to the ground flight", turning, climbing, all the way smooth and quiet. "this medium and low speed maglev commercial operation demonstration line will lead to strengthen the advanced rail transit equipment industry chain." Hunan maglev transportation development company general manager Zhang Jinfu said.
Walking into the "Optical Valley" in Wuhan, in the workshop of Changfei Optical Fiber and Optical Cable Co., Ltd., there was only one drop of "glass water" flowing vertically from an altitude of more than 30 meters. After seven processes, the optical fiber was pulled out thinner than the hair. "relying on independent innovation, we take advantage of the opportunity to develop ultra-large capacity, ultra-long distance, ultra-fast speed optical fiber." Zhou Lijing, vice president of the company, sounded proud.
"change stems from innovation, and it is necessary to firmly grasp the key core technologies in their own hands." Zhou Zhenhong, deputy director of the Hunan Provincial Development and Reform Commission, said.
China Railway Engineering equipment Group Co., Ltd., located in Zhengzhou, has successfully developed a horseshoe shield machine, built a roadheader cloud computing platform and big data center, and realized intelligent tunneling and safety early warning by focusing on the market demand and breaking through the "stuck neck" technology. Aiming at the extreme working conditions such as large deformation, rockburst, mud inrush, high ground temperature, high cold and so on, the development of extreme equipment is started.
China Railway Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., Ltd., located in Hunan, and the University of National Defense Science and Technology have assembled forces to overcome the difficulties and successfully promote China's maglev from technology research and development to commercial application. At present, the 2.0 version of the commercial maglev train with a speed of 160 km / h has been successfully launched, and a version 3.0 maglev train with a speed of 200 km / h is being developed.
From shield machines in Henan to maglev trains in Hunan to optical communications products in Hubei, the central region confidently displays "smart" business cards. From the research and development of intelligent voice products in Anhui, to the comprehensive test of big data in Henan, and then to the shaping of virtual reality industry in Jiangxi, the central region speeds up the application of digital, networked and intelligent technology, with key breakthroughs and overtaking at corners. From East Lake, Wuhan, Hubei, to Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan, Hunan, and then to Henan Zhengluoxin, Anhui Hewu clam, the central region gave birth to a national independent innovation demonstration zone, the overall force, cultivate advantages.
"the middle of innovation" is becoming famous.
From location advantage to competitive advantage
-- deepening reform and creating a stable, fair and transparent business environment
"made the right decision!" Equipment manufacturing base settled in Nanchang for a year and a half, from Shanghai Zhongmicro semiconductor equipment company vice president Ji Hua quite sigh.
Why Nanchang? Ji Hua admitted that the company won 200 equipment orders, relying on Nanchang silicon substrate LED industry chain. Move to the customer "door" production, not only save logistics costs, but also facilitate later maintenance.
The tighter the hand, the deeper the cooperation. Nanchang nesting Phoenix sincerity and efficiency, so that customers sigh. At the end of 2017, China Micro Semiconductor equipment Co., Ltd. signed a contract and put it into production in just three months.
To undertake the layout and transfer of emerging industries, the location advantage of the central region is obvious. But how does the location comparative advantage really transform into the comprehensive competitive advantage?
"We should strive to create a stable, fair and transparent business environment. Instead of always thinking about preferential policies, we should have the courage to carry out innovative and differentiated reforms and explorations." The request put forward by General Secretary Xi Jinping has further pointed out the direction for the central region to work hard and truly in optimizing the business environment.
The sword refers to the difficulties, and the effect of "the reform of a letter" can be seen. In Kaifeng, Henan Province, Lu Bo, who does foreign trade business, got the "Electronic Collection Taxation guarantee letter" and imported 60 cars and went directly to Zhengzhou for customs clearance. In the past, we used to declare taxes before selling cars, but now we sell cars before filing taxes. In the past 10 days or so, customs clearance has now become a "second customs clearance." in the end, "if you invest 10 yuan, you can pry 100 yuan."
Huang Qiang, member of the standing Committee of the Henan Provincial CPC Committee and executive vice governor, told reporters that last year, Henan held a conference on promoting the healthy development of the non-public sector of the economy, focusing on the problems of difficulties, slowness, and complexity reflected by the society. Launched a blade-inward revolution of the government itself. Today, we will build a policy system to optimize the business environment, and more than 90 percent of the examination and approval services for provinces, cities and counties can be done online; build a provincial financial service sharing platform, use big data to solve financing problems for small and medium-sized enterprises, and continue to release the vitality of development.
On the one hand, Shanxi creates a "soft environment", while on the other hand, it uses "hard tricks." Guoke Jinyun Technology Co., Ltd. moved from Beijing to Taiyuan, interested in the low electricity price here. In this alone, the company can save tens of millions of yuan a year. Low electricity price is one of the advantages won by the reform of Shanxi electric power system. In May this year, the Central Commission for Comprehensive deepening Reform examined and adopted the "opinions on carrying out Comprehensive Reform pilot projects for the Energy Revolution in Shanxi Province." Striving to be the vanguard of the energy revolution, the former "coal boss" is breaking new ground through reform.
From the central hinterland to the open highlands
-- promoting high-quality production capacity and equipment to the world stage and the international market
Not by the sea, not along the side, to the world by the blue sky.
Zhengzhou Airport, cargo flights from Luxembourg leap over thousands of mountains and rivers, stable stop. Under the blue sky and white clouds, camel bells no longer ring. Zhengzhou's "Silk Road in the Air" opens up new space, covering more than 100 cities in 23 countries on three continents of Europe and America.
Zhengzhou Mayor Wang Xinwei said that the "Land Silk Road" opened the eastward and westward route to the south, and the China-Europe train (Zhengzhou) "went to 11 to 9" high-frequency operation, pioneering a "single to the end, logistics global" multimodal transport system. Relying on the air, land, online, sea four "Silk Road", Zhengzhou based on the Central Plains, radiation throughout the country, "buy the world, sell the world."
"the central region should have the confidence to open its doors and open its doors. Attract more medium and high-end projects to land, promote high-quality production capacity and equipment to the world stage, the international market, brand and technology out. " Along the direction guided by General Secretary Xi Jinping, the central region is speeding up the pace of opening up.
Open up to the outside world and reshape the pattern.
Neither east nor west, opening up once became a prominent deficiency in the central region. We will strengthen transportation hubs, build port platforms, develop multimodal transport, and speed up the formation of a new pattern of omni-directional and high-level opening up in the central provinces.
50 state-level economic development areas, 20 customs special regulatory bureaus, 2 free trade pilot areas, a high-quality platform to promote the central hinterland into an open highland, attract more medium and high-end projects to land, promote high-quality production capacity, equipment to go out. In 2018, the central region actually utilized foreign capital of 78 billion US dollars, accounting for 58% of the country's foreign capital utilization that year, an increase of 19.2% over the same period last year, which is much higher than the national average.
Open up and cultivate a big market.
At present, Zhengzhou ranks in the forefront of the national cross-border e-commerce pilot cities. Open the bonded direct purchase experience center "in the door", once selected overseas goods, brush ID card, check out, less than two minutes can take away the spot. In 2018, Zhengzhou cross-border e-commerce import and export parcels nearly 100 million, ranking third in the country in terms of transaction volume. Cross-border e-commerce "bonded stock model" national replication and promotion.
The Gaoqiao market, located in Yuhua District of Changsha City, was listed as the main body of the national market procurement and trade pilot last year, making it more convenient for Hunan products to be "sold globally." Tang Limei has sold hotel supplies for more than ten years, but now it is so simple to sell abroad: just fill out a customs declaration form, RMB settlement, exempt from VAT.
Open to the outside world and integrate into the big strategy.
Subject to waterway "intestinal obstruction", ships "small scattered", port scattered development, the Yangtze River flows through Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Anhui, once the "gold benefit" is difficult to see. In recent years, all provinces along the Yangtze River have made great efforts to regulate waterways, integrate ports, cooperate with intermodal transportation, and reshape the "golden waterway." The ideal of "flourishing to the water" in the central region is becoming a reality step by step.
From Resource dependence to Ecological priority
-- Building a beautiful central part of green development
An "ecological green heart" inlaid in the middle of Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan, covering an area of more than 500 square kilometers, touches the hearts of the people.
The locals lamented that the "green" was not easy to come by. We will create the first local legislative protection in the country and designate undeveloped areas. Real estate development, block! Historical industrial project, retreat! Hunan protects "green heart" with "iron core".
Integration for 10 years, Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan opposite each other. The gross domestic product of the three cities increased from 460 billion yuan in 2008 to 1.5 trillion yuan in 2018, becoming a model for the rise of central China. Practice has proved that protection and development go hand in hand.
"the rise of the central region must be a green rise, and it is necessary to carry out ecological protection and restoration, strengthen environmental construction and governance, promote the economical and intensive utilization of resources, and build a beautiful central region of green development." At the forum on promoting the rise of the central region, General Secretary Xi Jinping made a clear request.
Shoulder the southern hilly and mountainous ecology, the Yangtze River water ecology, the water source of the middle route of the South-to-North Water transfer and other major national ecological security missions, the six central provinces know the heavy burden, and strive to promote high-quality economic development and high-level protection of the ecological environment.
Now, walking along the banks of the Yangtze River, the Qingshan River Beach in Wuhan has changed its appearance. Daijiahu Park, which was transformed from fly ash mountain, won the example Award of Human habitation Environment in China. As long as 7.5 kilometers of coastal beaches, greening more than 80%. "Embankment, beach, road, city" against each other, ecological grass stream, Rain Water Garden, Castle Peak memory, step by step. Residents along the Yangtze River said: "happily lived in the landscape along the Yangtze River."
The beach is just a micro-perspective. Qingshan District of Shili Steel City is fighting a tough battle for urban transformation-"Binjiang Red City" integrates ecological culture, industrial port culture and creative industries; "Baiyu Blue City" positioning ecological science and technology city, building strict West Lake industrial service center, Qingtan Lake science and technology innovation center; "North Lake Green City" to give full play to the function of agriculture and forestry land, develop green economy, create ecological economic belt.
Take a long-term view, transformation and development, the most important thing is to change the concept of development.
The transformation of the coal industry is comparable to a broken bone. Shanxi people say that the energy industry is green, and we are exploring the way for the whole country.
The management of the Xiangjiang River of the Mother River and the ecological renovation of Dongting Lake are all hard bones to gnaw on. Hunan people said that the reproduction of Manjiang Bituo, cloud steaming Xiawei, is also the development coordinates.
Spare no effort to create a beautiful model of Jiangxi in China, at the expense of some of the speed of economic development. Jiangxi people say that green water and green mountains are Jinshan and silver mountains. They would rather spend ten years taking deep "green roots" and waiting for the advantage of backwardness to "break out".
From a green heart, a beach, to a steel city, a Yangtze River, the central region of green, light and appropriate. (reporter Ma Yuefeng, Hou Linliang, Fan Haotian)