"negative Market access list (2019 Edition)" minus 20
The negative list of Market access (2019 Edition) is reduced by another 20 items-
Continuous improvement of the system of continuous Optimization of structure and content
Here comes the much-watched "negative list of Market access (2019 version)"! The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce recently officially issued the list (2019 version). As the first annual revision since the full implementation of the negative list system for market access, the list (2019 version) included a total of 131 items, a decrease of 20 items, or 13 per cent, compared with the list (2018 version).
What are the characteristics of the list (2019 version)? In an interview with the Economic Daily, the relevant experts said that the "list (2019 version)" is based on the continuation of the main frame structure. The length of the list has been further shortened, the management measures have been reduced, the competent departments have been published, and the unified code has been clarified, which has not only enriched the content, improved the system, but also enhanced its scientific and normative nature. The negative list system of market access in the main form of list has been continuously improved.
Keep pace with the times in dynamic adjustment
In December 2018, the negative Market access list (2018 version) was issued, marking the full implementation of the negative market access list system throughout the country. All kinds of market subjects can enter equally and independently in accordance with the law, and the market access management model is more open, more inclusive and more predictable, realizing "equality of rules, equality of rights and equality of opportunities".
Over the past year, the universal implementation of "non-prohibition or entry" and the continuous relaxation of the threshold for market access have effectively stimulated the vitality of all kinds of market subjects, especially the private economy, and won full affirmation and wide praise from all walks of life.
"the negative list of market access and the negative list of foreign investment jointly form a unified legal and normative system of market access in China, which provides an important direct basis for the investment decisions of investors at home and abroad." Shen Haiping, an associate professor at the School of Law at Shanghai University of International Business and Economics, said that whether they are domestic investors or foreign investors, they only need to consult the negative list to know whether the relevant industries, fields, and businesses can be invested. There is no need to find a basis from a large number of laws, regulations and regulations of the State Council.
Chen Sheng, a professor at the School of Public Administration of Chongqing University, said that since the publication of the draft list (pilot version), the negative list system of market access in China has started from "touching the bottom of the family". The publication of the "list (2018 version)" announced the full opening of the implementation of the system; and now the publication of the "list (2019 version)" marks the beginning of the normal phase of the system, with the list constantly updating and upgrading itself.
In the view of Ren Qiming, an assistant professor at the School of Civil and Commercial Economic Law of China University of political Science and Law, as a system innovation, the release of the "list (2019 version)" is both an "annual ceremony" since the full implementation of the negative list system for market access in 2018. It is also the "adult ceremony" in which the negative list system of market access is being implemented in an all-round way. There is still a long way to go to further deepen reform and further optimize the business environment. The release of the list (2019 version) has undoubtedly laid a solid foundation for future exploration and development.
Full implementation of the National list
The list (2019 version) is the first annual revision since the full implementation of the negative list system for market access. Overall, the revision further optimizes the list framework structure and related content on the basis of maintaining the stability and continuity of the list. " Guo Liyan, a research fellow at the Institute of Marketing at the China Macroeconomic Research Institute, said.
If you insist on being short, you will be short, and the length of the negative list will be reduced. The list (2019 version) included a total of 131 items, a decrease of 20 items, or 13 per cent, compared with the list (2018 version). Among them, a total of 5 items are prohibited, and "all kinds of development activities that do not meet the requirements of the construction of the main functional area" have been added in order to better control all kinds of development activities in the main functional area. There are 126 items of permission and access, involving 105 items in 18 national economic sectors, 10 items in the list of Investment projects approved by the Government, 7 items in the list of prohibited permits for Internet Market access, and 4 other matters such as credit supervision.
"with regard to the problem of 'too many negative lists and too much chaos', we have seriously studied and solved the problem of canceling 23 negative lists of market access categories compiled and published by various regions, and effectively putting an end to the situation of 'negative lists flying all over the sky. Enhance the seriousness, authority and unity of the list. " The head of the National Development and Reform Commission said. The "list (2019 version)" has stepped up the integration of the national list to include the "negative list (or prohibited catalogue) of industrial access in local national key ecological functional areas and major agricultural production areas." Industrial structure, government investment, the Internet, the main functional areas and other national market access management measures have been fully incorporated, and the "national list" system has been improved.
Another bright spot in the list (2019 version) is the full inclusion of legal and effective access measures. For example, timely inclusion of the newly established access measures, including "Science and Technology Innovation Board initial public offering registration" and other new access measures in accordance with the law, to ensure that the list is accurate and effective. At the same time, the addition is in line with the access measures located in the list. In accordance with the implementation of the list (2018 version), combined with the views of the relevant departments and local authorities, A small number of access measures, such as "fresh milk transportation, fresh milk purchase station license", "qualification examination and approval of waste electrical and electronic products disposal enterprises", are included in the list to enhance the completeness of the list.
The reporter noted that in the list (2019edition), A number of measures containing gold, such as "examination and approval of the qualification of fire fighting technical service institutions," examination and approval of the establishment of vocational skills assessment institutions, "permission for the establishment of old-age institutions," and "permission for the establishment of social welfare institutions," have been liberalized, and market access has been further relaxed. For some measures that do not conform to the positioning of the list, the list (2019 version) shall be removed; The measures of the same object in different investment and management links or similar objects in the same investment and management links are optimized and merged to enhance the convenience of the use of the list.
Promote better implementation on the ground
It is worth mentioning that the "list (2019 version)" list has added "item coding" and "competent authorities" columns. Combined with the functional adjustment after this round of institutional reform, after confirming with the relevant departments one by one, the competent departments of each measure are clearly listed in the list. At the same time, relying on the national integrated online government service platform, each item is given a unique identification code, which lays the foundation for the realization of the list of items "at a glance and through the Internet".
Ren Qiming believes that listing the competent departments will, on the one hand, help the market subjects to clearly know the government service departments of market access, on the other hand, it will also help to control the management of market access in China as a whole and macroscopically.
In order to more comprehensively and accurately reflect the demands and expectations of market subjects, 58 relevant departments of central and state organs, 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) and the Xinjiang production and Construction Corps were consulted during the revision of the list. He also fully listened to the opinions and suggestions of more than 30 important national trade associations, including the China Private Education Association, the China Securities Investment Fund Industry Association, the China Hospital Association, the China performance Industry Association, and relevant market entities. A total of 854 revised opinions received written feedback, which were carefully combed and studied, and 692 were adopted and absorbed.
"compared with the 2018 edition, the list (2019 version) has a higher degree of public transparency, which will provide clearer guidance for the investment and operation of market participants and enhance the certainty of market access rules. Make the main body of the market more predictable to the investable industry, field, business and so on. " Shen Haiping said.
It is understood that in accordance with the requirement of "no additional threshold and hidden restrictions shall be set in addition to the list," the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce will continue to collect relevant issues through various channels in conjunction with various regions and departments. Timely detection of unreasonable restrictions and hidden barriers to market access in various forms, list of problems, formulation of division of labor plans, establishment of work accounts, so as to find and promote solutions together, Strive to create a stable, fair, transparent and predictable business environment. At the same time, we will also focus on the service industry to further relax market access pilot, multi-measures to promote the continuous relaxation of market access barriers. (reporter Xiong Li)