"the State actively deals with the medium-and long-term Plan for population Aging" to deal with the rise of Aging as a National Strategy
The CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued the medium-and long-term Plan for actively responding to population Aging
Coping with Aging as a National Strategy
Recently, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued the "National active response to population Aging medium-and long-term Plan." It is understood that the "Plan" will be a strategic, comprehensive and guiding document for China to actively deal with the aging population by the middle of this century, from the near future to 2022, from mid-term to 2035, and from long-term prospects to 2050. Experts pointed out that the issuance of the "Plan" not only defines the important significance and objectives and tasks of dealing with the aging of the population, but also gives detailed and concrete measures to deal with it. It will have a far-reaching and positive impact on China's high-quality economic development and long-term social stability.
Active layout to strengthen response
Data show that since China entered an aging society at the end of the 20th century, the number of the elderly population and its proportion in the total population have continued to increase. From 2000 to 2018, the number of elderly people aged 60 and above increased from 126 million to 249 million. The proportion of the elderly in the total population rose from 10.2 per cent to 17.9 per cent. For some time to come, the degree of aging will continue to deepen.
In interpreting the background of the introduction of the Plan, the head of the National Development and Reform Commission pointed out that the continuous aging of the population structure is not conducive to maintaining intergenerational harmony and social vitality, nor is it conducive to safeguarding national population security and enhancing international competitiveness. Therefore, actively dealing with the aging of the population is a major national strategy.
According to reports, the "Plan" defines the strategic goal of actively dealing with population aging, and by 2022, China will initially establish an institutional framework for actively responding to population aging, and by 2035, the institutional arrangements for actively dealing with population aging will be more scientific and effective. By the middle of this century, the institutional arrangements for dealing with the aging of the population adapted to the modern socialist power will be mature and complete.
The "Planning" is a programmatic document for China to deal with the challenge of an aging population, grasps the key issues, puts forward targeted policy plans, and embodies the people-centered idea of development. It is of strategic significance for promoting the well-being of the people and promoting sustainable economic and social development. " Wu Fan, a professor in the Department of Social work and Social Policy at Nankai University, told our reporter.
Constructing the supply system of Service for the Old
So how will China deal with an ageing population? The Plan defines the specific tasks from five aspects.
First, tamp the social wealth reserve to deal with the aging population. By expanding the total amount, optimizing the structure and improving efficiency, we can realize the adaptation of economic development to the aging of the population. By perfecting the national income distribution system, optimizing the distribution pattern among the government, enterprises and residents, and steadily increasing the reserve of old-age wealth. Improve a more equitable and sustainable social security system and continue to improve the well-being of all people.
The second is to improve the effective supply of labor force under the background of aging population. By improving the quality of the born population, improving the quality of the new labor force, and building a life-long learning system, we can improve the overall quality of human resources in China. We will promote the development and utilization of human resources, achieve higher quality and more full employment, and ensure that the total amount of human resources to actively deal with the aging population is sufficient and of high quality.
Third, to create a high-quality service and product supply system for the old. We will actively promote the building of a healthy China and establish and improve a comprehensive and continuous health service system for the elderly, including health education, prevention and care, disease diagnosis and treatment, rehabilitation nursing, long-term care and hospice care. We will improve the multi-level old-age service system, which is based on home, based on the community, fully developed institutions, and an organic combination of medical care, and expand the supply of products and services suitable for the elderly through various channels and fields, so as to improve the quality of products and services.
Fourth, strengthen the ability of scientific and technological innovation to deal with the aging population. We will deepen the implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy, regard technological innovation as the first driving force and strategic support for actively responding to the aging of the population, and comprehensively enhance the intelligent level of the national economic industrial system.
Fifth, build a social environment for providing for the aged, filial piety and respect for the elderly. Strengthen the legal environment to deal with the aging population, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of the elderly.
Conducive to high-quality economic development
Experts pointed out that properly responding to the aging of the population is also an inevitable requirement for achieving high-quality economic development.
The person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission said: the development and utilization of human resources is the fundamental source of the country's comprehensive competitiveness, and it is necessary to insist on asking for dividends from talents, improve the quality of human resources, and promote the development and utilization of human resources. We will promote the transformation of demographic dividends to talent dividends. "to actively deal with the aging of the population, speed up the accumulation of human capital, speed up the improvement of total factor productivity, and speed up the construction of an innovative country can turn passivity into initiative and counter the adverse effects of aging population." The person in charge said.
Wu Fan said: the "Plan" has put forward the basic principles for dealing with aging, that is, persisting in taking the people as the center, actively dealing with aging, and putting forward important measures to deal with aging from five aspects, grasping the key issues. The targeted policy scheme is put forward. "for example, the creation of a high-quality service and product supply system for the elderly and the construction of a social environment for providing for the aged, filial piety and respect for the elderly are directly related to the quality of life and quality of life of the elderly." Wu Fan said: the construction of a high-quality service and product supply system for the elderly is a major systematic project, including medical treatment, care, housing, transportation, and so on, and requires the joint efforts of the government, society, and enterprises.
Analysts predict that as China puts its response to an aging population in a more important position, it will unleash the growth potential of the old-age and health industries on the one hand and help consolidate the "demographic dividend" and "talent dividend" on the other. In order to further lay a solid foundation for the sustained and healthy development of the economy. (reporter Wang Junling)