The most complete Tomb of Tuyuhun Royal Family found in Wuwei, Gansu Province in the early and Middle Tang Dynasty
Xinhua News Agency, Lanzhou, 23 Nov (Reporter Bai Liping) on the 22nd, the reporter learned from the Institute of Cultural relics and Archaeology of Gansu Province that archaeologists from Gansu Province were in Tianzhushan Village, Gansu Province. Excavate the tombs of Tuyuhun royal family members in the early and middle Tang Dynasty, which is the most complete and preserved in China at present.
Tomb is located in Tianzhu County Qilian Town Chashan Village north of the top of the mountain, its east, west, south three mountains surrounded, in the three mountains surrounded by the hills, 35 kilometers east of Wuwei City. The location of the tomb belongs to the northern foot of the Qilian Mountains, which is a relatively gentle intermountain basin and vertical valley geomorphology.
One side of the epitaph unearthed from the tomb is the epitaph of Murong Fujun in Dazhou. According to the contents of the document, the owner of the tomb was "General Zhou Yunwei, General Zuo Yuwei," Murong Zhi, who was 42 years old because of his illness in the "Heavenly gift on March 2, 2000." The epitaph contains Murong intellectual system Pachin bean Khan, Qinghai king Murong Nohogo bowl the third son. The discovery of the tomb plays an important complementary role in perfecting the royal pedigree and related historical problems in the later period of Tugu Huns.
According to the Institute of Cultural relics and Archaeology of Gansu Province, the tombs unearthed are single-chamber brick tombs, which are composed of earth seal, tomb path and niche, door seal, photo wall, aisle and tomb chamber. The enclosed soil is in the shape of a hill. The tomb path is located in the south of the tomb, with a length of 17.5 meters, a depth of 0 to 3.5 meters and a long slope. The tomb road is accompanied by wooden components, ink-painted bricks, toner stones, wooden flagpoles and martyrs (horses, sheep), etc., near the tomb door on the east and west sides of a niche, the niches are buried with painted pottery, wooden terracotta warriors, a total of more than 70 groups.
There are many kinds and large quantities of objects unearthed in the tomb, among which the silk fabric is diverse, the texture is fine and firm, the color is bright and colorful, and the pattern is exquisite. Among them, the yellow tapestry on the lid of the coffin has a double dragon pattern with a group nest and beads, and is interspersed with a pattern of precious flowers. For the Changan area popular "Lingyang public sample" style, reflecting the Tang Dynasty exquisite silk weaving skills.
According to reports, from the current excavation, the tomb is the earliest and most complete tomb of Tuyuhun royal family found and excavated in China, and it is an important discovery in the archaeological study of Tuyuhun tomb.